WEST 8: 主喷泉花园的改造是基于Longwood的第一个总体规划方案之上的,原版方案完成于2011年。皮埃尔·杜邦(Pierre du Pont)最初震撼人心的设计方案获得了荣誉和尊重,但喷泉花园(fountain garden)还是需要被重新设计。

WEST 8: The Main Fountain Garden revitalization builds upon Longwood’s first-ever physical master plan, which was completed by the landscape architect in 2011. The original, astonishing design by Pierre du Pont was honored, and yet, the fountain garden was re-imagined. 

 

 

总平面图  Master Plan

 

受欧洲大花园和美国喷泉表演的启发,主喷泉花园将成为西半球最独特的水上花园设计范例。 Longwood花园的主喷泉花园的再设计延续了数千年以来水上花园的设计手法。美丽的材料、植物、雕塑和水的结合,激动人心的细节和精心设计的序列都被融入了主喷泉花园,使其焕发出新的活力。

Inspired by the great gardens of Europe and with the show-stopping performance of American fountains, the Main Fountain Garden will stand as the most singular example of water garden design in the western hemisphere. The reimagining of the Main Fountain Garden at Longwood Gardens picks up on millennia of water garden design. Beautiful materials, a marriage of plants, sculpture and water, pleasurable details and a choreographed sequence have been incorporated in the Main Fountain Garden with fresh energy.

 

 

主喷泉花园的喷泉设计采用了历史和当代元素,其中一些元素的规模和美学特征令人惊叹。从这个意义上来说,加上夜间的花园景观效果, Longwood花园适应性修复的主喷泉花园可能会被视为当今世界上最棒的体验性音乐喷泉。

Longwood花园主喷泉花园的再造结合了两种不同的水上体验——白天是宁静的水花园,晚上则是令人震撼的壮观景象。

The Main Fountain Garden’s fountain design employs historic and contemporary elements, some of which are astounding in their scale and aesthetic character. In this sense, and together with the profound, nighttime garden setting, Longwood Gardens’ adaptively restored Main Fountain Garden may be seen to provide the finest concert fountain experience on Earth, today.

The reimagining of Longwood Gardens’ Main Fountain Garden has brought together two opposite experiences of water – the serene water garden by day, and the show-stopping, exuberant spectacle by night.

 

 

白天,游人可以在花园里聆听着喷泉从石灰石中腾空进入重建的盆地的声音。孩子们会坐在运河边,把手浸在喷泉中,一些喜欢冒险的游客会走进一个隐蔽的、凉爽又黑暗的洞穴之中。像Tivoli或Villa Lante一样,这个花园为人们提供了一个沉浸式的、有惊喜和亲密感的喷泉。

By day, the reimagined garden offers a chance never had before to linger by the water, to listen to the jets and fountains as they empty from limestone figures into rebuilt basins. Children will sit by the canals, dip their hands in the fountain waters and more adventurous guests will step into the cool darkness of a hidden Grotto. Like Tivoli or Villa Lante, the Garden offers an immersive, unfolding sequence of surprises and intimate fountains to discover.

 

 

夜晚,主喷泉花园的黑暗有与黑暗剧场相同的想象空间和预处理空间。这使得它的景观、水、灯光和音乐能够良好地形成理想的效果——不受活跃的都市主义、建筑、商业或其他各种干扰的影响,这些干扰通常影响着一些类似的大型“音乐喷泉”,尤其是那些比较著名的音乐喷泉。因此,水、变幻莫测的灯光和音乐达到了无与伦比的诗意的传播水平。

At night, the darkness of the expansive, Main Fountain Garden provides the same imaginative, preconditioned space as a darkened theater. This allows its landscape, water, lighting and music to combine theatrically to ideal effect – uncontaminated by activated urbanism, architecture, commerce, or the other sorts of distractions that commonly plague similar, large-format ‘concert fountains’, particularly those most well-known. As a result, the water, changing-colored light and music achieve an unrivaled level of poetic transmission.

 

 

现有的喷泉采用了一个庞大的系统,由众多的大型子喷泉组成。这在1930年火热的建筑背景下是有道理的,但在今天却不是这样。设计创建了一个由独立喷泉组组成的分布式系统,该系统降低了能源成本,简化了维护,提高了系统的灵活性和可靠性,并为创新水设计和技术整合提供了开放的基础设施。

Mechanically, the existing fountain employed a single, mammoth system comprised of numerous, major sub-fountains. This made sense in the ambitious construction context of 1930, but not today. The team’s approach involved creating a distributed system of independent fountain groups, which lower energy costs, ease maintenance, improve the systems flexibility and reliability, and provide an open infrastructure for the incorporation of innovative water design and technologies.

 

 

这个将近五年的复兴项目带来了宁静和壮观。意大利文艺复兴时期的建筑元素如凉亭、拱廊和装饰雕塑,与技术最先进的水上表演结合在一起,所有这些都设置在一个精致而丰富的园艺展览中。

超过4000块雕刻的、装饰性的石灰石被打捞起来、精心清理并进行了修复。来自世界各地的石刻师利用传统技术和材料重新创造了丢失的历史雕塑,使用的材料来自原始采石场的意大利石灰石。

What has resulted from this nearly five-year revitalization project is a marriage of serenity and spectacle. Italian Renaissance-inspired architectural elements such as loggias, arcades, and decorative sculpture are combined with the most technologically advanced water theatrics, all set within an elaborate and rich horticultural display.

Over four thousand pieces of carved, ornamental limestone were salvaged, meticulously cleaned, and repaired. Stone carvers from around the world recreated lost historic sculpture using traditional techniques and materials, including Italian limestone sourced from the original quarry.

 

 

为了解决主喷泉花园基础设施的老化问题,喷泉系统已经全面升级。安装了两个新的地下泵房,喷泉现在可以通过隐藏在地下的暗管顺利流通。最先进的技术已经可以支持建设比以往更加壮观的主喷泉花园,拥有着宜人的尺度和美学特征,喷泉、灯光和声音表演都将吸引着人们为之着迷。这成为了世界上优秀的音乐喷泉之一。

To address the Main Fountain Garden’s aging infrastructure, the fountain systems have been comprehensively upgraded. Two new, underground pump rooms have been installed and the fountains are now easily accessed through a series of subterranean service tunnels, hidden beneath the Garden. State-of-the-art technology allows for the production of more spectacular than ever fountain, light, and sound shows – on a scale and of an aesthetic character that will astonish and enchant – re-establishing the Main Fountain Garden as one of the finest concert fountains in the world.

 

该项目交织着新的建筑元素,丰富了整个主喷泉花园的历史,改善了交通系统。在花园的中心引入的隐藏洞穴,将会给游人一个安静的、沉思的空间。周围富丽堂皇的园艺,包括宽敞的草坪、荫蔽的林荫道和雕刻过的植物,一切都已经回归到了欧洲古典园林的根源。

The project interweaves new architectural elements that complement the historic and improve access for guests throughout the Main Fountain Garden. The introduction of a hidden grotto at the heart of the garden will surprise and delight with a quiet, contemplative space. The surrounding opulent horticulture, comprised of generous lawns, shaded alleés, and sculpted plantings has been returned to its classical European roots.

 

项目: Longwood花园-主喷泉花园
地点: 美国宾夕法尼亚州肯尼特广场
设计: 2012 – 2014年
完成: 2014 – 2017年
面积: 5英亩
客户: Longwood花园公司
项目负责人: Adriaan Geuze, Claire Agre, David Zielnicki, Jamie Maslyn Larson

主要设计师:
-West 8
-Beyer Blinder Belle
-Fluidity Design Consultants
-L’Observatoire International

景观设计师: West 8

咨询顾问:
-Urban Engineers
-Landis Inc.
-Irrigation Consulting Inc.
-Keast & Hood Co.
-Bancroft Construction

摄影:©Noah Devereaux

改造项目还涉及了许多Longwood工作人员以及其他的外部顾问

 

Project: Longwood Gardens – Main Fountain Garden 
Location: Longwood Gardens, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania
Design: 2012-2014
Realisation: 2014-2017
Size: 5 acres
Client:  Longwood Gardens, Inc.
Project Leaders: Adriaan Geuze, Claire Agre, David Zielnicki, Jamie Maslyn Larson

Lead Designers:
-West 8
-Beyer Blinder Belle
-Fluidity Design Consultants
-L’Observatoire International

Landscape Architect: West 8

Consultants:
-Urban Engineers
-Landis Inc.
-Irrigation Consulting Inc.
-Keast & Hood Co.
-Bancroft Construction

Photography : ©Noah Devereaux

The revitalization project also involved numerous Longwood staff members as well as additional outside consultants.

更多 Read more about:WEST 8


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