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Instinct Fabrication：In a new metropolis like Shenzhen, education has always been the focus of urban development and public attention. With the continuous renewal of educational concept and the gradual upgrading of campus construction, the school’s hardware and humanized design have been continuously improved, and new forms of school buildings have emerged one after another.
However, what role should the campus landscape play in a school’s many teaching scenes? What role does the campus landscape play in the daily teaching activities and life of teachers and students? Is there a more organic relationship between campus landscape and campus architecture? These problems still need to be considered and explored by builders involved in all aspects of campus construction. As landscape design consultants in this primary schools, we started by thinking about the relationship between landscape space and architecture, education and users.
穿插于建筑里的景观空间 Landscape space in buildings
The planning and layout of the primary schools is very clear. The playground is on the east side of the base, and the teaching buildings surround the west and south sides. This may also be the layout adopted by most public schools.
Apart from the playground, the space of school is divided into several fragmentary spaces from horizontal and vertical directions by several east-west teaching buildings and the two-story platform connecting them.
The first floor is connected to the main pedestrian entrance, the building function is mainly library, gymnasium and community activity room, and the landscape space is a scattered atrium garden.
The second floor platform connects the traffic between the teaching buildings in series and provides the necessary outdoor activity space. Building functions are distributed from bottom to top in different grades of classrooms and teachers’ offices to the roof garden.
It can be said that the scope of all landscape spaces has been clearly defined at the beginning of architectural design, but the functions and values of these spaces need to be further extended and explored by landscape design.
一个小学生的日常 A pupil’s daily life
Every morning, when a primary school student walks into the campus, his day’s life also unfolds in this fixed space, and the campus naturally becomes an important place for them to meet, discuss and produce knowledge with the world.
Pupils’ daily life is full of sense of order, and most of the time and activities take place in the classroom. However, static activities can’t satisfy the children’s curiosity, exploration desire, social and other rich needs at this age. If their behavior is more carefully distinguished, it is not difficult to find that the activities that take place between classes and after school are just an important supplement to classroom teaching and an invisible buffer to schoolwork pressure. Correspondingly, the campus landscape space between classes ( teaching ) and playgrounds ( sports ) becomes a unique place to carry these activities.
多重空间满足使用者的心理诉求 Multiple spaces satisfy users’ psychological demands
“Self-determination theory” analyzes from the perspective of psychological needs of human nature and concludes that if a person continues to have motivation to do one thing, he must satisfy three psychological demands at the same time: sense of autonomy, sense of competence and sense of need.
The process of establishing self – confidence, responsibility, self-control and team spirit among primary school students is also a process in which deep-seated psychological demands are responded to. Starting from their inner needs, we have found a way to re-look at those landscape spaces that exist between the gaps.
A multi-level and multi-characteristic combination of landscape spaces organically integrates with architectural functions and traffic flow lines, with a little freedom and romance, a little novelty and tolerance, and responds to pupils’ psychological demands in a gentle way.
▼总平面图 Master Plan
学习与游乐相交融的互动空间 The Interactive Space of Blending Learning with Amusement
Letters, color blocks, stacked wooden platforms and planting define the garden on the roof of the indoor stadium as a place where learning, socializing and playing are combined.
All kinds of ideas in the design stage were germinated when little users arrived, and they opened a campus scene far beyond the designer’s expectation with their imagination and expression.
I can’t help asking myself whether landscape space defines their activities or whether they define the attributes of space and the functions of landscape. As designers, we can’t predict completely. The answer often lies with the users ……
When sitting, lying, jumping and hiding, chasing and playing, thinking and chatting and other activities take place here, this large platform used to connect traffic in the building relationship becomes vivid, and the relationship between people and space and between people is therefore different.
开放弹性的展示空间 Open and flexible display space
The means and degree of designing the intervention space are various. In the limited space, the platform space with better accessibility and connectivity is selected to place the landscape elements in a controlled manner, and more flexible space is reserved for such display activities as campus arts festival, flea market, and community gathering.
秩序中的浪漫 The order with romantic
” People are always fond of feeling, and in many senses, especially vision. Whether we do something or not, we love to watch more than any other feeling. ”
Colors, plants and light are three elements from nature. Like children, they bring vigor and change, praising the greatness of growth in a vibrant campus.
▼五颜六色的种植池，像是一个个神奇的盒子，长出了树和小草 The colorful planting pools are like magic boxes with trees and grass growing out
▼屋顶的试验田和走廊的绿带，一个吸引孩子们观察，一个保持了他们与栏杆的距离 The green belt of the roof test field and corridor, one to attract children to observe, and one to keep them at a distance from the railing.
▼主入口天井中矗立着一棵苍翠挺拔的蓝花楹，更似小学生一般向光，突破，出类拔萃。 In the courtyard of the main entrance stands a verdant and tall jacaranda, which is more like a pupil’s light, with a character of breakthrough and outstanding.
场所与情感的联系 The connection between place and emotion
The new campus is full of bright and clear windows and fresh green, but this is not its final appearance. Whether it is the shape of style or the accumulation of details, it will take time to deduce. This may be the inheritance and change of teachers and students for generations.
Each participating individual has left his own mark in it, and each unique scene will also become a memory of a good childhood at some point in the future.
▼拾级而上的大台阶，提醒着你开始进入学习状态 The big step up the ladder reminds you to start learning
结语：播撒了一粒种子 Summarize: Seeded a seed
The design of the campus landscape may not depend on whether it is exquisite, noble or decent, but more on whether it reasonably inherits and extends the architectural space, enriches the outdoor learning, teaching and communication activities of teachers, students and parents, or even whether it inspires students. It is expected that the seeds sown in this season will blossom and bear fruit in every user’s heart, pass on and continue.
项目团队：楼颖 邱彧 宋英佳 李肖 刘雨欣 周煜
Project name: Shenzhen Houhai No.2 Primary School
Project type: school campus landscape
Location: Houhai, Nanshan District，Shenzhen
Size: 1.3 Ha.
Landscape design: Instinct Fabrication
Project team: Lou ying; Chiu yu; Song yingjia; Li xiao; Liu yuxin; Zhou yu
Design date: 2017
Client: Shenzhen Houhai No.2 Primary School; Crland
Commissioning stage: conceptual scheme to construction drawing design
Photography: Holi landscape photography
更多 Read more about: IF 本色营造