Luigi Rosselli Architects:澳大利亚最长的夯土墙(可能是南半球最长的)已经入围了西澳大利亚建筑奖决赛。
Luigi Rosselli Architects: The longest rammed earth wall in Australia and – probably – the southern hemisphere, has been selected as a finalist in the (Australian Institute of Architects) Western Australia architecture awards.
At 230 metres long, the rammed earth wall meanders along the edge of a sand dune and encloses twelve earth covered residences, created to provide short-term accommodation for a cattle station during mustering season. With their 450mm thick rammed earth facade and the sand dune to their rear and forming their roofs, the residences have the best thermal mass available, making them naturally cool in the subtropical climate.
The rammed earth wall (construction) is composed of the iron rich, sandy clay that is a dominant feature of the site, gravel obtained from the adjacent river and (bonded with) water from the local bore (hole). The design of the accommodation represents a new approach to remote North Western Australia architecture, moving away from the sun baked, thin corrugated metal shelters to naturally cooled architectural earth formations.
Rammed earth extracted from the local clay pans, pebbles and gravel quarried from the river bed are the palette of materials that blend into the landscape. The pavilion at the top is the multi-functional hub, meeting room and chapel.
The oval chapel overlooks a family cemetery and ghost and river gums that line the riverbank in the background.
The residences are stepped to maintain a level of privacy on each covered veranda. There are contiguous but are not internally linked. The rear walls of the residences are buried under the sand dune.
The deep awning roof is designed to keep the sun out during the hottest part of the day and invite the inhabitant to outside and enjoy the cool evening breeze.
The awning roof is a Cor-Ten steel cyclonic shade frame, mirrored by a concrete slab on (the) ground. The concrete slab contains gravel and aggregates from the local river, which lend a reddish colour to its polished surface.
The northern end of the rammed earth wall tapers down to where an older building is used as a communal meeting and sitting area. A pergola constructed of old drilling pipes provides a chequerboard of dappled light.
The centrally located chapel also forms the apex of the sand hill. Originally conceived as an open structure, sliding curved glass windows were later added to provide protection from dust storms.
Below the chapel lies a hundred year old cemetery, enclosed by a simple fence to keep the local fauna out.
Gold annodised aluminium sheets line the ceiling of the ‘chapel’, cyclonic rated, curved sliding windows can close the pavilion to protect its interior from dust storms.
屋顶由Cor – Ten钢板制成，形成一个倾斜的圆锥体，顶端有一个天窗。屋顶是在工地外制造的，分成两半运输过来。
The roof is made from Cor-Ten steel sheets, forming an oblique cone and culminating with a skylight in the apex. The roof was fabricated off site and transported in two halves.
A glass covered oculus, oriented east and inspired by the Pantheon of Rome, maintains a celestial connection
Internally, one finds a comfortable environment, cooled by the rammed earth walls and the metre deep sand hill. The interior design by Sarah Foletta is a restrained, natural and robust selection of materials and furniture.
© Edward Birch
▼场地平面图 Site Plan
▼首层平面图 Ground Floor Plan
▼剖面图 Cross Sections
▼南立面图 East Elevation
建筑设计: Luigi Rosselli
项目建筑师: Kristina Sahlestrom, Edward Birch, David Mitchell
室内设计师: Sarah Foletta
建筑商: Jaxon Construction
夯土承包商: Murchison Stabilised Earth Pty Ltd
结构顾问: Pritchard Francis
环境顾问: Floyd Energy
景观: Tim Davies Landscaping
摄影: Edward Birch
Location: North Western Australia
Design Architect: Luigi Rosselli
Project Architects: Kristina Sahlestrom, Edward Birch, David Mitchell
Interior Designer: Sarah Foletta
Builder: Jaxon Construction
Rammed Earth Contractor: Murchison Stabilised Earth Pty Ltd
Structural Consultant: Pritchard Francis
Environmental Consultant: Floyd Energy
Landscaping: Tim Davies Landscaping
Photography: Edward Birch
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