Wowhaus : 这个农场为莫斯科的孩子和家长提供了一种新型的休闲活动，通过与自然的直接接触教育孩子们了解自然世界。城市农场将成为VDNKh发展的重要一步——包括一个全新的建筑(而不是对现有建筑的改造)，将当代城市居民的需求和展览公园的历史联系起来。
Wowhaus : The farm offers a new type of leisure activity for children and parents in Moscow, educating children about the natural world through direct contact with nature. The Urban Farm is set to be a major step in the development of VDNKh – including a completely new building (rather than a remodelling of an existing one), connecting the contemporary city-dweller with his needs and the history of the exhibition park.
The Urban Farm at VDNKh is the first project of its kind in Moscow, though this form of children’s educational and family leisure attraction is popular worldwide. On the farm, children come into contact with animals under the guidance of their keepers: they prepare food for them, feed them and look after them. The project is based upon a socio-economic investigation, carried out by ourselves in company with KB23. Its result is a complex of open air and covered areas devoted to particular themes.
The complex consists of three main educational blocks: the first is dedicated to animals – including a barn, poultry sheds and areas of pasture (the Farm will be home to goats, donkeys, sheep, cows, rabbits, chickens, geese and ducks), while the second involves year-round workshops and the “Children’s Construction Site” area, and the third is made up of an orangery, orchard and vegetable garden.
The site relief divides it into an upper and a lower zone.In the upper part, on a hill, stand the covered pavilions: the entrance, farmers’ café, workshops and orangery.In the lower zone by the pond are located the barn and poultry sheds, the rabbit pens and dovecote, summer kiosk and riverside picnic area, orchard and garden, and the inclusive children’s play area.The angling zone stretches along the river. The eastern part of the site, over the hill, hosts the young naturalists’ pavilion and woodland library.The northern part of the site holds the “Children’s Construction Site”, as well as a large lawn for grazing livestock, administrative buildings and the Farm’s technical zone.
Apart from this, there is a restaurant in operation at the Farm, with its own children’s school of cooking, kiosk and summer picnic area, a young naturalists’ hut with a woodland library, a children’s fishing zone and an inclusive children’s play area.
一个包容性的儿童游乐区An inclusive children’s play area
一个儿童钓鱼区A children’s fishing area
The design of the farm buildings is based on wooden house archetypes – comprising buildings with double-pitched roofs for the various areas and configurations.The main pavilions are the barn, workshops and orangery.
where their milk, vegetables and fruit come from.
The northern areas bordering on the Botanical Gardens have a historical connection with the theme of agriculture. Here were located the Pig Rearing, Sheep Rearing and Poultry Farming pavilions. The site of the present farm was that of the Hunting pavilion and the so called Hunting Track, with its enclosures for wild animals. The pavilion burnt down long ago, and only two statues remain – the Hunter and the Fox Breeder, which now stand to greet visitors to the farm. The farm itself thus represents a logical continuation of the site’s history.
In the barn, children can learn about the lives of goats, cows, sheep and donkeys. The combination of massive wooden beams of complex geometry and the stained glass of the facades lend the building a special expressive quality. The animals are kept in open stalls.
The workshops are a space for the teaching of pottery, woodworking and artistic crafts. Two large parabolic-shaped spaces with mezzanines are provided for classes, with service facilities located in the block uniting them. The countryside and crafts theme is continued here with the wooden shingle roof.
The orangery is divided into three zones, corresponding to the specifics of the plants and agricultural technologies employed. One zone contains racks for hydroponic cultivation of herbs and vegetables. Another is for the growing of flowers in soil. The third has exotic plants in tubs. These spaces can also be used for holding lectures. In structure, the coverings of the facades resemble the skin of a pineapple.
初步研究: KB23 (康斯坦丁·帕利沃达和马克西姆·卢巴文)和顾问Yekaterina Sysa
Project timetable: March – July 2015
Studio heads: Dmitry Likin and Oleg Shapiro
Chief architect of the project: Alyona Zaitseva
Architects: Gleb Galkin, Darya Listopad, Anastasia Izmakova, Yevgeny Reshetov, Margarita Leonova, Maria Khokholova, Alexandra Kim, Maria Khokhlova, Denis Manshilin and Ivan Korenkov
Master Plan: Nina Smirnova
Chief Structural Engineer: Dmitry Belostotskiy
Preliminary research: KB23 (Konstantin Palivoda and Maxim Lyubavin) and consultant Yekaterina Sysa
Dendrologist: Lyubov Mozgunova
Structural engineer: Sergei Belugin
Address: VDNKh, Kamenskiy pond №5
Photogtaphs: Mitya Chebanenko
Winner of the Best Building Awards 2018, Best Small Building category