本色营造设计事务所： Jane Jacobs在其著作《 美国大城市的生与死》中提出了一个生机活力城市片区的四大要素：1.混杂的土地用途; 2.小尺度的街区; 3.新老建筑的并存；4.高人群密度.
Instinct Fabrication：Jane Jacobs in her book《The Death and Life of Great American Cities》put forward the four elements of a vibrant urban area: 1. mixed uses；2. street block in decent size；3. blend of old and new architectures；4. high density of population.
And the four elements, all exists in wangjing, an area that holds 300000 people and is located in an atypical Beijing texture pattern at the north-east end of Chaoyang district, moreover, wangjing international business center, an old commercial complex built in early 2005, is showing a state of tardiness with the backward operation and management, the aging of facilities and the continuous upgrading of the city’s functional requirements, its sense of existence gradually fades away, and people expect it to glow with new vitality. In September 2017, Beijing Vanke entered wangjing international business center and built it into the second urban renewal project – VANKE TIMES Center at wangjing. The project is positioned as the ” Urban Renewal – 24H Center” in wangjing district in the future. it is aimed at enterprises, tourists and the surrounding residents and conveys the complex space of fashion, art and luxury in urban life.
整体项目景观改造设计于2018年年初正式开始，其中位于项目西南角作为先行示范的一期场地的改造提升于近日正式交付完成。原先，这是一个隐身于现状4层办公商业楼前空场地与地面停车场之间的全硬质空间，随着整体规划的调整升级，一期场地致力于创造一个服务于办公人群，商业消费人群的绿色休憩环境。而原始现场里有三个问题需要通过设计解决：1. 停车场的存在感太强；2. 缺少适宜休憩的可停留界面；3. 场地无组织性排水，雨季形成过多地表径流。
Phase 1 Renovation – a blight site to a cozy garden
The landscape renovation design of the overall project officially started in early 2018, and the renovation and upgrading of the first-stage site located in the southwest corner of the project as a pilot demonstration was formally delivered and completed recently. Originally, this was an all-hard space hidden between the empty space in front of the current 4 – storey office and commercial building and the ground parking lot. with the adjustment and upgrading of the overall planning, the first-stage site is dedicated to creating a green rest environment that serves the office and commercial consumers. However, there are three problems in the original site that need to be solved through design: 1. the parking lot has too strong sense of existence; 2. lack of a stoppable interface suitable for rest; 3. the site has no organized drainage and excessive surface runoff is formed during the rainy season.
▽ 改造前场地照片 | site photos prior to renovation
Through a series of site analysis ( site function, pedestrian flow interface and intensity, existing pavement conditions ) and the balance of the overall project landscape cost, the design team came up with a renovation strategy of ” 25 % Remain + 35 % refine + 40 % redefine”, which focused on solving the leisure function needs of office and consumer groups, the isolation needs of parking lots and front squares, the organized drainage needs of the site, and the visibility needs of the site, with low maintenance of the landscape and coordination of buildings as the design keynote.
保留+更新 | Remain + Refine
As the overall pavement quality is still acceptable and there is a large demand for people to pass through, the design Remains the sesame black pavement of the first two steps and platform of the existing office entrance lobby to ensure that the overall elevation relationship and the outdoor pipeline of the building will not be damaged after the renovation. In the area below the steps, the existing pavement is aging to varying degrees. we adopt the method of fire renovation to partially renew the old stone material and embed stainless steel strips on the pavement to strengthen the guiding of the site. through such landscape elements, the accessibility of shops, underground commercial entrances and office entrances is improved.
△ 保留大堂入口前两步台阶及平台区域 | keep the existing terrace along the lobby entrance
△ 火烧翻新石材 | paving refurbishing by flame
△ 不锈钢铺条带引导 | stainless steel strip on existing pavers
Redefine: 1. more occupiable shaded space
At the junction with the parking lot, we have built a linear office garden featuring ornamental grass, black plated stainless steel planting ponds, ecological gravel ditches and wooden seats / platforms, redefining the interface relationship between the site and the negative space in the parking lot. The original site is a pure hardened space with no shade, no room for people to stay, and huge heat reflection on the ground. therefore, the first impact of this renovation is to provide more places for office and business people to stay and rest, so as to facilitate them to eat outside, wait, rest, communicate, be alone, smoke and other practical functions. In the design, the influence of sunshine conditions on the site use was considered, and the large trees ( Sophora japonica, Koelreuteria paniculata ) and the full-crown clustered spot trees ( Shantung Maple, Mongolian Oak ) were centrally set up to provide a comfortable shading environment.
Redefine: 2. green screen to parking lot
As the current site is located above the roof of the basement, there is hardly any depth of soil covering, therefore, the treatment method of lifting the planting height and introducing it into the planting pond can not only solve the problem of soil covering, but also naturally form a barrier and barrier between the square space and the parking lot. The planting pool baffle made of dark grey plated stainless steel not only reflects the texture of the building facade, but also forms a clear contrast with ornamental grass plants, giving off a sense of quietness, relaxation and moderate order.
△ 从办公大堂入口往原停车场方向看去，被绿色屏障隔开 | view to parking lot screened by elevated planters
△ 从停车场向办公建筑立面看去,商业标识清晰地漂浮于种植池之上 | view to the building from parking lot, leaving a bar of visible retail signages above planters
Redefine: 3. mitigate surface runoff by landscape infrastructure
Due to the relatively high roof in most areas, the drainage form of the original site is scattered drainage, that is, rainwater is guided to the adjacent municipal rainwater pipe network ( located in the parking lot ) through the natural weak height difference of the ground. this form will cause a large amount of surface runoff during the July-August torrential rain in Beijing, causing a large amount of water to drip from the ground and locally forming accumulated depressions, which is very unfavorable to people’s use and the management of rain and flood in the site. Through the shaping of the linear planting pool described in the previous chapters, we found that the planting pool wall can be used to guide the drainage direction of the site surface. at the same time, the base space of the two large wooden platform areas is combined with the gravel cushion layer to collect the rainwater from the diversion, and the rainwater can be uniformly introduced into the municipal pipe network through the aqueduct. Therefore, these two seemingly huge twin wooden platforms are not only leisure platforms for gathering crowds, but also ecological routers for gathering, receiving, and redirecting rainwater on the site.
△ 利用木平台基座空间和碎石沟收集雨水地表径流，再将其疏导至市政管网 | gravel bedding to catch, retain the runoff and reroute it to existing sewage
Redefine: 4. interactive installation as a place-making icon
Since the west side of the site is at the junction with the municipal garage interface, how to make it easier for people to identify the site and guide it to the site is also a major demand for this renovation and upgrading. The design uses three single-arm overhanging stainless steel ” whale” wind chime sculptures to point people’s eyes to the interior of the site. Lego plates ( semi-transparent resin hanging plates ) of different colors are obliquely connected in series between the stainless steel column and the ground by steel wires. they can rotate along with the steel wire ropes or move back and forth inside, forming an interactive landscape device that is very interesting and especially attractive to children.
It’s more about rationaled process, rather than just a final built
The urban renewal project is not a sand table game. it is an objective and necessary stage for the organic growth of a city. Manhattan, London and Tokyo are also the same. in China, nearly 20 years after the founding of the university, the functional properties of many cities, especially in the first-tier large cities, are being upgraded and the demand of people for the use of public space is constantly changing. while the land supply is continuously decreasing, the urban renewal project will become a new driving force for the development of metropolitan morphology and economic development. It is not a simple push-down and reconstruction, nor is it a rational scientific project based on the understanding of the past of the site and the needs of reality, which gives a vision for the future with the use of people as its core. However, wangjing, the Vanke times center, is only a small miniature of this project. let’s expect the overall project to be fully opened in 2019 and become the 24 – hour energy motive force for the organic life of wangjing district and even Beijing, an international metropolis.
项目团队：楼颖 吴宪 孙丽娜 邱彧 刘璧凝 陈朝暾
摄影：Holi河狸景观摄影 + 理想邦摄影
Project name: VANKE TIMES at Wangjing
Project type: Public Landscape | Urban Renewal
Location: Wangjing, Chaoyang, Beijing
Project size: 2ha.
Landscape design: Instinct Fabrication
Project team: Ying Lou, Xian Wu, Lina Sun, Eric Qiu, Bining Liu, Tuntun Chen
Design time: 2018.2-2018.5
Client: VANKE Beijing （Project Management: Juan Yang)
Workscope: Concept to Construction Documents
Construction by: DongfangHaomen, Tangshan
Material supplier: Deco, Guangzhou
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