本文由 GVL 怡境国际设计集团 授权mooool发表，欢迎转发，禁止以mooool编辑版本转载。
Thanks GVL for authorizing the publication of the project on mooool, Text description provided by GVL .
GVL: With the idea of “big park and micro tourism”, it is possible to make many costly civil landscape projectsprofitable. Civil projects will meet citizens’ demands for relaxation. Green trees, colorful flowers, platforms, and pavilions as well as singing birds form a beautiful scene, which is sure to bring joy and happiness to the citizens upon completion. However, it’s far from enough. The problem is that, without proper operation and any earnings, the beautiful scene will not last long. And finally places will be overgrown with weeds and wastes and covered by wastes everywhere. Nevertheless, Xi’xianFeng River Wetland Park, which is designed by GVL Group, has been transformed into a sustainable tourism destination. The model of “big park and micro tourism” has solved the problem.
Located on the west coast of FengRiver, between Xi’an-Baoji Expressway and the No. 6 Keji Road， the site is about 4km long and 100m wide averagely, covering a total area of about 880,000 m2. It is the east entrance of Xixian International Cultural and Educational Park. As the main river flows through the South of Xixian New District, Feng River is the boundary between Xi’an ancient city andXixian International New District, witnessing the splendid history of the city and embracing its beautiful future.
设计缘起 Design Purpose
August, 2014, Xixian Cultural and Educational Park was completed according to plan. The 14 sq.km park is in need of an exhibition zone to provide high-end services and attract consumers. However, what a beautiful and ecological park will bring to the new district, and how to realize its long-term maintenance? These problems have greatly challenged the design team.
As MrPeng Tao said, “It is not only an assignment of civil landscape design but also a task involving the future operation and maintenance. What we need to think is how to attract consumers and provide financial support for the long-term operation.”
▼总平面图 Master plan
Accordingly, GVL team has proposed to design and operate the project in the mode of tourism operation. With the idea of “big park and micro tourism”, the team has designed the civil park as a tourism destination. In addition, the idea of “micro life and new mode” has introduced a new lifestyle to the citizens, which finally benefits the “innovative urban development” of Xixian New District.
城市双修工程 Urban Renovation
Renovate the urban area with the idea of “old watercourse and new oasis”
Surrounded by Wei River, Ba River, Chan River, Jing River, Feng River, Hao River, Lao River and Yu River, Chang’an, the ancient name of Xi’an City, was once called the “sea on the continent”. However, the eight rivers have been destroyed more or less since then. Reconstructing the eco system along Feng River and recovering the watercourse are very urgent.
Feng River is on one of the three migration route of birds. The intertidal zone and wetland within the site are the habitat for migratory birds. Every year, the wetland will welcome different species of birds from October to March.
▼候鸟栖息 Migratory Birds Habitat
▼重构沣河及周边的生态环境，让河道焕发新的生机 Reconstructing the eco system along Feng River and recovering the watercourse.
To collect water, the designers have created a weir with ripraps to create an effective wetland system and a sound environment for the birds. Plants and walk paths are used to protect birds from any disturbance.
海绵城市 Sponge City
As one of the the pilot districts of Sponge City technology, Fengxi New Town of Xixian New District is an experimental site within the cultural and educational park.
▼低影响开发分析 LID Analysis
The Sponge City team has created a micro-topography by filling and excavating. Rainwater garden, artificial wetland, bio-swale, infiltrating pool and reservoir are designed to collect acid water. The ground is covered by breathable materials to ensure the annual flow, reduce the pollution of the rainwater, and recycle the waste water. All these measures ensure the flexibility and sustainability of the park.
▼梯级净湿地化/雨水花园 A stair-style rainwater garden
湿地净化 Wetland Purification
Making use of the drainage water from the supply pumping station, the team designed a stair-style rainwater garden and a linear artificial wetland. Excessive rainwater will be drained away to keep a balance of the water. It has created a wetland for education, participation and touring.
▼湿地净化体系图 Wetland Purification System
▼线性生态公园 A linear ecological park
旅游产品构建 Creation of A Tourism Product
The idea of “big park and micro tourism” helps to establish a product system. To design a park which is interesting and different from others is the key to meet the demands of modern city life.
Before the design, the team has had a survey on the satisfaction of parks in Xi’an City, trying to find some solutions during the process. At the same time, the team predicted the requirements of the potential tourists and future residents according to the survey and big data, and then defined the functions.
According to the investigation, public spaces which are multifunctional, creative and rich in experiences are popular with modern citizens. Modern people prefer to participate in nearby and social-type tourism activities.
▼迷宫图案抽取西周青铜器云纹和雷纹，圆形与方形的连续构图，象征对大自然的崇敬 Labyrinth pattern is inspired by bronze ware of the Western Zhou Dynasty. Circular and square patterns show respect to nature.
The design has taken advantage of the height differences out of the embankment and designed a playground which will encourage children to experience and explore.
▼儿童活动场地 Children’s playground
The idea of “simple life and new mode” contributes to a boutique life.
Xixian Cultural and Educational Park is high-end international community integrating healthcare, recreation, culture, ecology and service. To meet the demands for high-quality life, education and self-worth, the architectural design team has created a boutique building which is in perfect harmony with the surroundings. Relaxing atmosphere and varied communication spaces will satisfy people of different ages all year round. It will strengthen the bond between the citizens and the community.
▼沣河活力廊道作为交通大动脉，以500米服务半径设置24驿，智能服务系统联系当地旅游 Along the main road, “Feng River corridor”, 24-hour service stations are built to serve a radius of 500 meters.
24驿布点计划 24-hour Service Station
Along the main road, “Feng River corridor”, 24-hour service stations are built to serve a radius of 500 meters. The intelligent service system is connected with the Xi’an Tourism system. To keep in harmony with the surroundings, the architectural design team have created simple and elegant blocks by modern skills, which provide people with intelligent social spaces. The buildings house petrol station, supermarket, bathroom, restaurant and police office.
Weekends are the happy time for parents and children as well as for family reunion. Elegant and fashionablecaféhouse will allow people to enjoy beautiful life. The Wetland Park welcomes tourists from afar with the caravan and tent camp which allows people to have colorful outdoor experience at any time.
▼沣河湿地生态公园房车、帐篷营地区 Caravan and Tent Camp
What’s more, to meet people’s desire for entertainment, the team insists on flexible design and sets aside enough spaces for activities like music festival.
“The reeds on the riverside are bluish green, white dews of deep autumn condense into frost. My lover,I miss you day and night. You just stand on the other shore of river water“. The beautiful poem is quoted from Shih Ching (The Book of Songs in ancient China), which just describes the beautiful image along Feng River.
Transforming a simple civil project into a tourism destination is a new mode proposed and created by GVL Group and the developer. We really hope that Feng River Wetland Park remains to be a beautiful destination many years later.
▼沣河夜景 Night view of the Feng River
Project: Feng River Wetland Environmental Design:
Client: Shaanxi Xixian Cultural Tourism Industry Group Co.,Ltd.
Category: Urban Open Space
Year of Design:2016~2017
Year of Completion: 2019
Tourism Planning and Design: Peng Tao, Liu Gang, Wu Cuiping, Luo Xushuo, Ma Jie, Li Xuanzhao, Gao Yan, Chen Tao, Wang Yangjun, Liu Zhiyong, Sun Zhiqiang, Cao Yang, Meng Can, Ma Chunhua, Chen Yueling, Gong Chuyao, LanYuhong, Wu Bing, Yang Dong, Lv Ruifen, Yang Shaokang, Zhang Tao
Sponge City Design:LvQiujie, Zhou Guangsen, Cao Jingyi, Guan Xiaofen
Architectural Design: Liu Zhi Ping, Pan Qingwen, Chen Yiyu
Landscape Design: GVL Group
Photo credit: INSAW Landscape
项目中的植物、材料运用 Application of plants and materials in this project
更多 Read more about：GVL怡境国际设计集团