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Casanova+Hernandez：希罗卡渔村，位于与黑山接壤的斯库台湖岸边。几个世纪以来，这里的居民都住在湖边，男人用小划艇捕鱼，女人负责照料果园，编织地毯。后来随着剥夺公民传统”私人”活动的共产主义政权的终结，人们普遍开始对公共领域不信任，从而形成了一个肆意占领和私有化公共空间的特殊时期。由此，希罗卡滨水区的公共空间被私人住宅、餐馆、私人停车场和售货亭等各种非法建筑所占据。“Albanian Carpet (阿尔巴尼亚地毯)”项目旨在将滨水区归还给市民，拆除非法建筑，开放湖景，打造一个有家庭特色的活跃公共空间。
Casanova+Hernandez：Shiroka is a fishing village located on the shores of Shkodra Lake, near the border with Montenegro. Its inhabitants lived for centuries from the lake, men fishing with small rowboats and women tending orchards and weaving carpets by hand. The reaction to the end of a communist regime that had deprived citizens of living from traditional “private” activities was widespread mistrust in the public sphere, which led to a period characterized by uncontrolled occupation and privatization of public space. As result, the public space of the waterfront of Shkodra lake was occupied with illegal constructions such as private houses, restaurants, private parking areas, and kiosks. “Albanian Carpet” returns the waterfront to the citizens demolishing the illegal constructions, opening the views over the lake, and creating an alive public space with a domestic character.
The “Albanian Carpet” project not only aims to physically and functionally restore Shiroka waterfront but also to rebuild the feeling of belonging and attachment to the public space, which is conceived as a large house made of different open rooms inspired by the traditional Albanian room (ODA), characterized by a long, low U-shaped bench where family members seat, lay and even sleep. These rooms open the views over the lake and stimulate citizen’s interaction with different uses such as playground room, picnic room, lounge room, amphitheater, and the fisherman’s room.
The interior side of the U-shaped rooms is introverted and made of wood while the exterior is made of stone and forms steps for seating that transform the central square into an improvised theater. Pavement, seats, and steps are covered with black and white granite stones following the traditional pattern of the Albanian carpets, which provides a unique and domestic identity to the public space.
The large existing trees are preserved and integrated into the design of the square. New small trees are planted in the open rooms to bring shadows to the seating and playing areas. The center of the square has been kept free of trees and urban elements to allow public events.
The waterfront of Shiroka is transformed into a pedestrian-oriented square, minimizing the circulation and presence of cars. The whole central axis of the entire village is transformed into a share-pavement area. A new parking for visitors at the entrance of the village encourages the visit of the village by foot.
▼主广场平面 Main Square Plan.
▼广场基础设施 Urban Element.
建筑事务所：Casanova + Hernandez Architects
项目负责人：Jesus Hernandez Mayor
摄影：Ergys Zhabjaku, Jesus Hernandez Mayor, Orestia Kapidani
Project: Albanian Carpet
Location: Shiroka, Albania
Area: 30000 m²
Architects: Casanova + Hernandez Architects
Project Leader: Jesus Hernandez Mayor
Project Architect / Partner: Helena Casanova
Photographs: Ergys Zhabjaku, Jesus Hernandez Mayor, Orestia Kapidani
更多 Read more about: Casanova + Hernandez Architects