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Ludwig Godefroy:该独栋住宅项目位于梅里达历史中心,距离其殖民区的主要中心广场只有几个街区。梅里达是尤卡坦的首都,也是玛雅文化的中心。


Ludwig Godefroy:Casa Mérida is a single family house project located in the historic center of Mérida, a few blocks away from its main central square, in its colonial area. Mérida is the capital of Yucatán, but also the capital of the Mayan culture, Yucatán representing a large part of the mexican mayan territory.

In spite of the fact this civilisation disappeared long time before spanish people arrived, Mayan people and languages always survived and still exist today, which always made this region very unique and different than any other in México ; a sort of small country within the country, with its own way of thinking.


▽项目所在地环境 Context




Another very important point is the fact that Mérida has a very peculiar warm weather all year long, with intense temperatures and a peak that can reach 40º celcius in May, as well as a very high level of humidity, specially during the rainy season from June until the end of September.

Through centuries, this weather led the architecture of the city to a recognizable traditional typology, a mix of history of its colonization with its Mexican tropical reality from Yucatán, which resulted in a singular tropicalized colonial style. This typology is basically based on natural crossed ventilation under high ceiling volumes, all connected together by a series of patios letting the air flow through the entire house, providing this way a natural cooling system. For many centuries it has been the way of building, and it shaped a certain image of Mérida until AC ( air conditioning ) appeared, and made any kind of architecture possible around the old historic center, since the absolut need of crossed ventilation could now be balanced.


▽梅里达之家 Casa Merida



Casa Mérida项目正在探索现代建筑和传统建筑之间的关系,并通过参考当地的建筑设计语言,将两者结合在一起。


Mérida is a city where life without AC is almost impossible, and where it became very usual to use it 24 hours a day. How can we step back from this intense use of AC Mérida is doing today ? And what could be the possibilities architecture is offering us ? With this goal in mind and having a look at the past, came the following question: How is it possible to build architecture that reflects and considers the yucatán identity, to make this house belong to its territory ? In other words, how could this house be mayan ?

Casa Mérida project is exploring the relation between contemporary and traditional architecture, both connected through a very simple use of vernacular references.

When entering for the first time on site, something memorable was the unique proportion of the plot, which is a broken rectangle of 80 meters long X 8 meters wide, looking like a big lane. Here came the one and only idea of the project : to preserve this 80 meters perspective, as a straight line,crossing the entire plot from the entrance door until the ending point, where the swimming pool is located ; Inserting back the traditional air flow cooling concept as a starting point.



但这不仅仅是关于空气流通的问题,这个长长的视角也代表了玛雅人的古老文化和建筑,更确切地说,是指玛雅人的 “Sacbé”,字面上的意思是白色的石板路上覆盖着白色的石灰石结构。这些笔直的线条将玛雅城市的不同元素如寺庙、广场、金字塔和仙人洞(充满清水的天然洞坑,用于祭祀和供奉神灵)等连接在一起;神圣的道路甚至可以从一个地方连接到另一个长达几百公里外的地方。设计以古典建筑艺术品作为中心元素和主要思想,沿着轴线进行改造,以一堵长长的混凝土墙作为引导,从视觉上组织了住宅以及所有运动的轴线,同时也作为主要的流通走廊。在项目开发的第二阶段,墙体和立柱成为承载所有屋顶板材的主要混凝土结构元素。通过这些引导气流的柱体,该项目似乎又回到了传统的尤卡坦乡土建筑,即拥有了自然交叉通风,但同时又给项目带来了第二个问题:如何在不过度依赖现代技术的情况下,在城市中心实现最好的自然通风,并试图改善当地的能源过度消耗的现象?

But it was not only about the air circulation, this long perspective is also refering to the mayan antic culture and architecture, and more precisely to its mayan « Sacbé » literally the white path, stoneways covered with white limestone stuc. Those straight lines used to connect all together the different elements, temples, plazas, pyramids and cenotes ( natural sinkhole, full of clear water, used for sacrifice and offers to the gods ) of a mayan city; sacred ways which could even go from one site to another along a few hundred kilometers. By using the perspective, this very simple classical architecture artefact as a central element and main idea, the project got immediatly stuctured along this line, converted then in a long concrete wall guide, a sort of axis visually organizing the house, as well as all the movements, since it’s also working as the main circulation hallway. In a second stage of the project development, it naturally and literally appeared as a vertebral column, therefore it became the main structural concrete element to carry all the rooftop slabs. With its airflow column, Casa Mérida went back to an original and elemental principle of the vernacular yucatec architecture, the natural crossed ventilation, which then brought the project to a second question: How is it possible to reach the best autosuffisance in the middle of a city, without being so dependent of modern technologies, to try to be more responsible with the energy waste management of the place ?




为了切断Casa Mérida与城市之间的联系,设计师将社交区域与后院进行了调整;将客厅、厨房和游泳池安排在场地的尽头,也就是最安静的地方,远离街道上的噪音;将功能性的后院移至前方,将其作为对城市的缓冲。

This next concern took the project towards the idea of disconnecting the house from the city to get a better control on it, basically creating a sort of isolated countryside situation in the middle of an urban context. To Physically disconnect In the historic center of Mérida traditionally, houses use to be connected with the street, with the social area located between the sidewalk and the inner patio, behind which the private spaces take place, and a backyard at the end. The logic is gradually organized from public to private, and a functional area in the back.

To physically disconnect Casa Mérida from the city, the layout has been modified by switching the social area with the backyard area ; sending the living room, kitchen and swimming pool to the end of the land,futhermore the most quiet area where the noise of the street doesn’t reach you anymore; in order to bring the functional backyard to the front, to use it as a buffer on the city.


▽平面图 Floor Plan


▽剖面图 Section


 To Typologically disconnect


Casa Merida颠覆了传统的房屋与花园布局方案,创造了一个与房屋一体的独特宜居花园。

In addition to the permutation between front and back, the general layout of the house is also organized according to a regular rythm of positive built area and negative empty area, to always generate empty spaces on both sides of the built spaces, making the gardens participate instead of only being juxtaposed ornamental ones. The outdoor spaces got integrated as part of the inner space, vanishing the classical border between in and out, increasing the visual depth in order to create a more generous amplitude sensation of the volumes. The purpose of this house is to make disappear our urban daily references from México city, where we live behind our large glass window apartments, to foment an outdoor life, in which the house is breaking the basic concept of the facade ; the house does not enclose people, it stays open and breathes permanently, while providing the essential feeling of protection and privacy.

Casa Mérida is inverting the classical scheme of the house with its garden, to create a singular habitablegarden with its house.



 To Energically disconnect



To conclude, after isolating the house in a sensitive way, came the last obvious point of disconnecting the house, energically speaking, from the city. After resolving the cooling system as the first major energy consumption issue, inspired by the architecture of the past, encouraging a most reasonable use of AC, the second point to consider was the water. According to the fact Yucatán is a region full of water in the subsoil, to drill a borehole to get clear water from deep down was the most logical solution. However to complete a full cycle of water regenaration, the rain water had to go back to this subsoil, and absorption wells were designed to fullfill this function, placed under sculptural water collectors, which became part of the aesthetic of the house. The wasted water system also got disconnected from the one of the city, using a biodigester to treat the dirty water and generate watering for the garden. The full cycle from pumping to regenerating without letting the city in charge of our wasted water was now completed.

The last point was the electricity, resolved by using obvious but proper technologies, such as solar boilers to warm the water, as well as solar panels to cover the rest of the needs in electricity.



To Culturally reconnect



The project is willing to get rid of the unnecessary, no finishing and no decoration, to only preserve the structural part, as well as only simple materials. Mayan cream stone walls have been built in a traditional way by covering the joints with the stone splinters, typical stone from Yucatán used in antic mayan pyramids and temples sites. The brut concrete has also been used for the floors and the walls, definitely industrial but still localy produced in Mérida, the main structural material. Finally to control the light atmosphere, massive wooden louver windows and doors have been designed. The construction is reaching a 90% made on site, with local materials and built exclusively by yucatec masons and carpinters, a sort of modern reinterpretation of what could mean vernacular architecture.

Made of massive materials which do not require special treatments or maintenance, accepting ageing and time as part of the architecture process, the house has been conceptualized to end up one day covered by a new coat of materiality : a layer of patina.






项目名称:Casa Merida
地点:墨西哥 尤卡坦 梅里达
设计工作室:Ludwig Godefroy Architecture
建筑师:Ludwig Godefroy
摄影师:Rory Gardiner

Project Name: Casa Merida
Completion year: 2018
Building area: 250 square meters
Location: Yucatan Merida, Mexico
Design Studio: Ludwig Godfroy Architecture
Website: www.ludwiggodfroy.com
Contact email: ludwig@ludwiggodefroy.com
Architect: Ludwig Godefroy
Instagram: Ludwiggodefroy
Website: www.ludwiggodfroy.com
Photographer: Rory Gardiner
Instagram: ArryGardiner
Photographer website: www.rory gardiner.com
Photographer email: rory@rory-gardiner.com




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