本文由 Wowhaus 授权mooool发表，欢迎转发，禁止以mooool编辑版本转载。
Thanks Wowhaus for authorizing the publication of the project on mooool, Text description provided by Wowhaus.
Wowhaus: Tsarskaya ploshchad住宅综合体由三个封闭街区组成，内有几栋多层建筑和一栋独立的21层建筑。该区域有名的历史文化遗迹，正是我们想在项目中强调的。同时，我们还修复了综合体内的少先队体育馆遗址。
Wowhaus: The Tsarskaya ploshchad residential complex consists of three closed blocks with a varying number of stories and a separately standing 21-storey building. Its territory is remarkable for including historical and cultural heritage objects, which we wanted to highlight in our project. We restored the fragments of the Young Pioneers stadium, which was located on the site of the complex.
Task: to create a new type of a yard, one that would become an appealing public space both for the residents of this residential complex and the neighbouring houses.
Solution: to preserve the cultural heritage objects and to incorporate them into the general composition of the space, transforming the yard into a green garden with a generous and complex infrastructure available to all age groups.
The volumetric and spatial composition of the development area clearly distinguishes among several types of spaces based on their accessibility: private yards, open boulevards with a kids’ playground and a sports zone, as well as a piazza in front of the Tsar Pavilion. Along the pedestrian boulevards in between the buildings there are alleys with maple trees in planter boxes. The roads are paved with large tiles with a parquet pattern, which unites visually the outside spaces of the complex. The central parts of the alley are highlighted by the inlaid Flemish brick.
▼枫树种植池 Maple trees in planter boxes
这个项目的一个特殊点在于我们要处理文化遗迹：修复的古迹将决定住宅综合体的整体视觉形象，使得综合体本身变得独一无二。因此，我们将两个时代以前的地标建筑（亚历山大三世时期的Tsar Pavilion 和1934年开放的少先队体育馆遗址）整合到了总体规划中。
A peculiarity of this project was the fact we were working with the cultural heritage: the objects restored by us shaped a visual image of the residential complex territory, which made it unique. Thus, we incorporated into the general composition the landmarks dating back to two epochs: the Tsar Pavilion dating back to the times of Alexander III and the fragments of the Young Pioneers stadium, which opened back in 1934.
▼少先队体育馆遗址 The fragments of the Young Pioneers stadium
Tsar Pavilion建于1882年，以庆祝第十五届俄罗斯工业艺术展，亚历山大三世也曾参展。修复后的展馆周围的广场是该区域的主要公共空间。除了该综合体的居民，其他大众也可以到访参观。广场上设有旱地喷泉，喷泉周围是凉亭，凉亭两边又有秋千。项目采用的几何式设计将 Tsar Pavilion变成了广场乃至整个综合体的中心，即使从列宁格勒远远眺望，也能清晰可见。
The Tsar Pavilion was erected in 1882 to celebrate the XV All-Russia Industrial and Art Exhibition, which was to be visited by the emperor Alexander III. The piazza in surrounding the restored pavilion is the main public space of the territory. Not only the residents of the complex but also the public at large have gained access to this cultural heritage. The piazza accommodates also a dry fountain surrounded by pergolas with swings on both sides. The geometry of the development area turns the Tsar Pavilion into the central object of both the square and the whole complex. The residential complex was designed so as to make the historic pavilion clearly visible from the Leningradsky prospect.
▼旱地喷泉 Dry fountain
The restored fragment of the wall belonging to the former Young Pioneers stadium helps to protect the square in front of the pavilion from the noise of the cars passing by. We were able to restore the key elements of the stadium: a part of the wall and two mosaic panels. The children with sports equipment depicted in the panels became an essential element based on which we shaped the territory surrounding the mosaics.
Until recently, the stadium wall used to have only a decorative function. Within the development project a gym wall bars section was added with a pedestrian gallery connecting the preserved stairs of the wall and the small zones at the first level of the glass-house. The structure enlarges the functional content of the complex and gives a chance to see the territory from a new angle.
The restored Soviet mosaics are located in two niches, while two other ones accommodated tables for tennis, four more niches have kids and adults sport equipment – each occupying two of these four niches. The gym wall bars include also two amphitheatres and an additional staircase to the second level. The dynamics of the children’s figures in the mosaic panels is stressed by a work-out zone with some bright graffiti and contrast details of the sports equipment. The preserved wall of the former Young Pioneers stadium was painted by the Raskrasimvse team of graffiti artists.
▼马赛克图案 Mosaic panels
▼乒乓球桌 Tables for tennis
The oasis-yards are allocated exclusively for the complex residents. A special pattern of variously shaped pentagons was created for the yards. Due to such separation of the yards, the space enlarges visually and looks more complex. The planter boxes also shape an ornament. Each yard has a pergola with swings, amphitheatre with a bar stand and a small playground for kids. We were aiming to create an atmosphere of a cozy yard comparable in size with the people in it.
The territory now also enjoys a kids’ zone with geoplastic and a sports zone protected from the driveway area by the hills with bushes and trees. These sites are available not only to the complex residents but also to the residents of the neighbouring houses. The relief of the site as well as the pattern of the pavement shape a unique and an eye-catching image of the space. These areas are split into zones by the landscaping, which in addition to the unusual location of the equipment lets you make up your own scenarios of using these spaces for kids and teenagers.
▼微地形儿童区 Kids’ zone
▼儿童区夜景 Night views of kids’ zone
地址：莫斯科 列宁格勒大街 31号
Project name: Development of the Tsarskaya ploshchad residential complex in Moscow
Address: Leningradsky prospekt, estate 31, Moscow
General area of development: 4 hectares
Contractor: MR Group
Masterminds: Dmitry Likin, Oleg Shapiro
Lead architects: Alyona Zaitseva, Ivan Krasheninnikov, Marina Yarmarkina
Architects: Ivan Korenkov; with the participation of Anastasia Grishina, Pavel Zeldovich, Yekaterina Sporykhina
Landscape development: Arbor group
Lightening: Light Culture
Photo: Dmitry Tchistoprudov
更多 Read more about: Wowhaus