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Claude Cormier + associes：国家大屠杀纪念碑，在表达严肃和舒缓的效果之间取得了微妙的平衡，这是团队合作的结果，通过在相互尊重每个成员技能的基础上进行富有成效的交流，团队制定了一项提案，该提案将持续传达这一艰难主题的许多方面。
Claude Cormier + associes：The National Holocaust Monument, achieving a delicate equilibrium between an austere expression and a soothing effect, has emerged from a legitimate team work. Through a fruitful exchange based on the mutual respect of each member’s skills, the team worked on a proposal that would enduringly convey the many aspects of this difficult theme.
The design emerges from the star that was used during the Holocaust as a symbol to mark Jews for extermination, among other persecuted populations such as homosexuals, Roma, Sinti, Jehovah’s Witnesses, as well as political and religious prisoners. The geometry for the monument is rooted in the star to become six triangular volumes built of concrete, producing jagged shifting planes that penetrate the sky. Organized around a central gathering space for commemorations, the six surrounding volumes carry thematic, interpretive, and contemplative moods linked to the experience of the Holocaust. The ‘journey through the star’ is organized on two levels of terrain, one that moves upwards towards the future, and the other that descends into the landscape of the monument. The ‘Stairs of Hope’ connects these two levels of the structure terminating with dramatic views of the Parliament Buildings.
▼平面图 Master plan
A landscape of low coniferous trees inspired by the Boreal forest, a powerful symbol of the Canadian physical landscape, surrounds the built portion of the monument to represent, on Canadian terrain, resilience in adapting to and surviving a harsh and hostile environment. Coniferous trees have effectively developed adaptive traits to survive within a difficult boreal climate that is characterized by long, very cold, dry winters and short, cool moist summers. The landscape planting is composed of a patterned gradient that transitions from density to sparseness as one moves towards the monument. Triggering a mental leap, this gesture is mirrored on the ground surface by a gradient of round granite pebbles. The design is a fully integrated concept that communicates – through architecture, landscape and art – the hardship and suffering of victims while also conveying a powerful message of hope, strength, survival and resilience.
景观设计：Claude Cormier et Associes
合作伙伴：Lord Cultural Resources, Studio Daniel Libeskind – Architecture, Edward Burtynsky – Artist-photographer, Doris Bergen – Subject Matter Advisor / Holocaust Studies, University of Toronto
Project Name: National Holocaust Monument
Design year and completion year: 2014-2017
Project location: Ottawa, Canada
Landscape Area: 3180 m2
Clients: Government of Canada
Landscape design: Claude Cormier et Associés
Partners: Lord Cultural Resources, Studio Daniel Libeskind – Architecture, Edward Burtynsky – Artist-photographer, Doris Bergen – Subject Matter Advisor / Holocaust Studies, University of Toronto
Photo credits: Doublespace Photography
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