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Zaixing Architectural: Anshi Village, Yibin, Sichuan, is an ordinary village behind Nianpan Mountain. The villages are connected by lots of lanes, scattered fields and ponds, and different houses and trees. It is a typical southern Sichuan settlement. The project is located next to a parking lot at the entrance of the village which is adjacent to Yichang Road, facing the farmland landscape and backed by a bamboo groves planted by villagers.
▽卷厕正立面, Front elevation
▽项目与场地整体鸟瞰图, Overall view of the project
In the context of rural revitalization, focusing on the most neglected public amenities, the Roll Toilet hopes that it will not only meet the needs of tourism development and villagers, but also leave a good first impression as an important space to showcase the image of Anshi Village through the power of design .
Under the large rectangular roof, supported by steel columns, gabion-rolled cylinders are scattered to form ten separate toilets, with a slightly larger cylinder in the middle as a disabled toilet, and two small men’s cubicles at the rear, set up separately and symmetrically.
▽竹林环绕的卷厕, Roll Toilet surrounded by bamboo groves
Traditional public toilets make the average waiting time for female visitors too long. Considering the using justice of the space, the designers introduced the concept of gender-neutral toilets. In Roll Toilets, people of any gender can use any single compartment at any time, solving the problem of difficult access to toilets during peak flow periods. At the same time the inward-facing opening of the toilet maximizes personal privacy and caters for users of all genders and ages as well as those with reduced mobility. The high roof also allows for a free flow of wind and air, eliminating the odor problem. Light can also penetrate into compartments through the skylight openings, allowing for natural ventilation and light.
▽卷厕隔间内向开口, Inward-facing openings of toilet compartments
Roll Toilet can further realise its attributes as public spaces rather than the stereotypical disliked places. There is a 2.2 metre height difference between the building and the car park. This plan guides the flow of people to the toilets by means of large steps combined with planted grass.
▽残疾人坡道入口, Handicapped ramp entrance
▽游客通过景观大台阶进入, Visitors entering via the large landscaped steps
Each gabion on the same side has a circle of curved seats where people waiting or resting can sit and chat, looking out over the landscape of the rice-fish symbiosis system and pastoral scenery, protected from the sun and rain.
▽游客在卷厕休憩, Tourists taking a rest in the toilet
▽石笼外围设置弧形座椅, Curved seat is set outside gabions
Several circular skylights have been hollowed into the roof in a staggered manner. and the corresponding place on the ground is also equipped with circular flower ponds and several clusters of bamboo are planted.
▽圆形花池以及竹影摇曳的地面, Round flower ponds and swaying bamboo shadows on the floor
▽卷厕生成过程gif, Roll Toilet generation process
Local red sandstone is used for the material.When crushed red sandstone bricks are filled into gabions, the natural gaps between pieces improve the efficiency of air circulation.In addition, the red sandstone is moisture resistant and noise absorbing, which makes it ideally suited to the functional requirements of the toilet.Through the use of local materials and active cooperation with local workers and crafts, the construction process promotes rural revitalization in China by building locally.
▽石笼与座椅局部, Partial gabions and seats
▽填入钢丝笼中的红砂岩砖碎块,crushed red sandstone bricks filled into gabions
Facing the green mountains and water, looking up at the blue sky and gold clouds, Anshi Roll Toilet design adopts a people-oriented design attitude, reflecting the humanistic care of gender equality and the social responsibility of trying to reduce the carbon footprint. It also explores the harmonious relationship between architecture and nature with simple design means, and subconsciously changes people’s stereotype of traditional public toilets as “dirty and messy”. Roll Toilet responds to the real needs of rural revitalization and brings new experiences to people’s daily life.
▽模型轴测图, Model aerial view
▽模型后部男士小解间, men’s cubicles at the rear
▽模型正立面,Model front elevation
▽卷厕平面图，The ground floor plan
▽卷厕正立面图, Front Elevation
▽卷厕背立面图, Back Elevation
▽卷厕右侧立面图, Right Elevation
▽卷厕左侧立面图, Left Elevation
设计团队：温钦皓 黄婷 周梓源 孔小锐
主要材料：金属网 红砂岩 水磨石 钢
Project Name: Roll Toilet
Project Design: Zaixing Architectural Desgin Firm
Design Team: Wen Qinhao, Huang Ting, Zhou Ziyuan, Kong Xiaorui
Construction Design: Zhongjingyun Architectural Planning and Design Co., Ltd.
Project Address: Anshi Village, Lizhuang Town, Yibin
Project Client: Yibin Cuiping Agricultural Development Investment and Construction Co. LTD
Construction Contractor: Yibin Sanding Construction Engineering Co., Ltd.
Design Year: 2021.04
Building area: 150㎡
Main materials: Gabion,Red Sandstone,Terrazzo,Steel
Photography: SHANJIAN Photography Studio,LV Xiaobin,Wang Jianfeng
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