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Antao Group: Twenty years ago, Liangzhu Cultural Village opened the model of an idyllic city in China.
In 2020, on the occasion of the 20th anniversary, Vanke launched the renewal plan and commissioned us to micro-renovate the public space of the old community. After 20 years of precipitation, Liangzhu Cultural Village has witnessed the development of the city. The original old facilities can no longer meet the current needs of residents. The lush public parks between communities are now quieter and less vibrant. We aim to provide villagers with a more practical and comfortable public area environment, upgrade residents’ life experience, and stimulate community vitality, and launch the 20th Anniversary Revitalisation Programme with a “meaningful” approach.
In 2022, with the 2.0 model of symbiosis between industry and human settlements in Liangzhu Cultural Village coming out, the vision of integration of industry and city becomes increasingly clear, and the cultural village enters a new stage of ecological complex development. Once again, we conducted a curated renovation of the public space of Yu Niao Liu Su Phase II of Liangzhu Cultural Village. On the basis of preserving the local texture and style, we respected the order and humanity of Liangzhu Cultural Village, continued the site memory of the villagers as far as possible, and concentrated on updating the small local areas on an appropriate scale, so as to revitalize the old block.
▽焕新后的鸟瞰图 aerial view after renovation
焕新共识 Renewal Consensus
Liangzhu Cultural Village has become “a place of dreams to live” not only because of its landscape environment, but also its “loving” community service system, the owners jointly explore the model of community autonomy and the villagers are willing to build a better life community together. In this exploration, Vanke and we have reached a renewed consensus — meaningful, that is, to enhance the living experience together and build a beautiful community.
Instead of “large-scale demolition and construction”, urban development has shifted from organic renewal to more detailed units — Communities. Although the cultural village has a favorable natural environment, the ecological, livable, and tourist value of the sector still needs to be explored; although it has become a realistic sample of an ideal community, it does not have a unified visual image and lacks a sense of public domain; although it has multiple ecological spaces, The facilities are old, damaged for a long time and lack of interaction.
Based on these issues, it is finally determined to focus on the Bailu Park, Binhe Park, Tea Park, Mine Park, commercial blocks and other public spaces for renewal. In terms of design strategy, we will adhere to the “micro-intervention”, take the functional needs of villagers as the leading, respect nature, preserve all trees in the site, and re-arrange the shrubs that are in poor conditions and have obscured the view; do repairs to preserve the natural texture, use methods of partial renovation, functional upgrades, repairs, and boundary penetration; Take the latest product, focus on the improvement of aesthetics and functions and do not make things that are popular but with poor-quality, even if some check-in points are made, it will still be based on nature itself rather than artificial……
▽焕新点位图 renovation sites
In addition, we are divided into three groups: humanities, landscapes, and art lines. Through time-based field research, opinion leaders return visits, and villagers’ opinions collection, Observation and recording of site usage, analyzing of the nature of the entire cultural village site and summarizing the sites that are in urgent need of restoration and sites that can tap natural ecological advantages and potential values…… Along the way, many beautiful stories were also happened ——
▽场地调研 site analysis
Part 1 从白鹭公园的故事说起 From the story of Egret Park
Egret Park was built in 2008 and is a green hinterland specially left in the middle of the village in the initial planning. As an important part of the “Green Finger” of the cultural village extending from the forest to the riverside, there are many tree-lined lawns in the park, as well as a stream that flows down from the Daxiongsi Reservoir. Many children have picnics and play here. Villagers’ basketball teams and tennis clubs often hold activities here. Due to the high frequency of use, problems such as site damage and aging facilities have gradually emerged.
Nevertheless, this site with multiple natural spaces such as lawns, big trees, vegetation, streams, etc. deeply moved us. We wanted to give this site more meaning, make it glow with new vitality, and let the “green finger” last forever. We use the happiness factor composed of Andorphins and endorphins, and the vitality factor composed of T cells and dopamine to form Lohas cells, transform the graphic language of cells into the design elements of the site, which are injected into the natural park, allowing Lohas cells to continuously renew and grow in the park, releasing more vitality, happiness and health factors.
▽白鹭公园改造后平面图 Egret Park plan (after renovation)
▽焕新总体概念 renovation concept
Starting from the owner’s needs, the two children’s play areas, basketball courts, elderly areas, lawn areas, and hedgerow areas were transformed and upgraded, combined with the products of Vanke Vitality Center, with children with the highest frequency of space experience as the core unit to promote this And drive the interaction of the whole age community.
1.童玩区——安多芬乐园之“爱玩的艺术家” Children’s play area – the playful artists of Andorphine Paradise
The children’s area was originally a sand pit with a combination of instruments. The sand pit has been stepped on a large area, and the drainage is not smooth after rain, and it is easy to accumulate water; the combination equipment has been damaged, and there is a potential safety hazard; the sitting stool for nursing is too high, the wood board is rotten, and the growth of plants invades the sitting space. We preserved the site shape to avoid damage to surrounding trees. Replacement of safer and more comfortable plastic floor, increased drainage of pipes at the bottom; replacement of combined equipment, new seesaw, rocking horse equipment; lowering of the seat stool to a suitable height, and renovation of the stool surface.
▽隐匿在林间的安多芬乐园 Andorphine Paradise hidden in the forest
2.童玩区——安多芬乐园之“自然的设计师” Children’s play area – the natural designer of Andorphine Paradise
The exit of the children’s area is facing a ginkgo forest, which has a great sense of space and place. We want to make use of this ginkgo forest to realize the infiltration of space, create a natural classroom under the forest next to the children’s area. Combined with the nature education theme of the botanical garden, we set up a plant cognition garden and an “insect Hotel” to let children absorb natural energy and perceive the wisdom of nature.
▽自然课堂和林下空间 a natural classroom under the forest
3.童玩区——平衡盒子（跷跷板乐园）Children’s play area – balance box (seesaw paradise)
There was a simple slide and a seesaw. Due to wind and rain, the wood of the seesaw was decayed and the ground was occupied by weeds. We refurbished the venue, covered the floor with environmentally friendly and comfortable plastic, and installed seesaws of different lengths for different groups of people. The simplest cooperative game, exercise children’s cooperation and balance ability, adults and children play together happily.
▽改造后跷跷板乐园鸟瞰 seesaw paradise after renovation
4.篮球场——乐活篮球场 Basketball court – Lohas basketball court
The basketball court turned out to be the most vibrant place in the entire park. Due to disrepair, the ground, seats, and low-wall benches on the court were severely damaged, which did not meet the new national standard basketball court markings. So we re-match the basketball court and the national training ground with vibrant and dynamic paving colors to create a Lohas basketball court. Before preparing for construction, it coincided with the training of the junior basketball team, and I told us a lot of usage requirements: “The court is too close to the protective net, and the lighting is not bright”. After returning, we immediately organized a meeting and adjusted the plan: replacement The equipment of the basketball court is placed in the national sports module, the original stone is changed to rubber, the court markings are adjusted, and the western boundary of the court is enlarged…
▽改造后的乐活篮球场 Lohas basketball court
5.老年健身区——多巴胺老友记 Fitness area for the elderly – Dopamine friends
The elderly fitness area is a venue for a group of old friends and neighbors to exercise and exchange. Although the fitness equipment has been aging, the roadside near the stream is also in disrepair, the lawn is degraded and soil is exposed, and the road is full of mud every rainy day, but there are still many elderly people come here to exercise. We have dredged the green plants around the site, replaced fitness equipment, and renewed a more comfortable and environmentally friendly floor covering. On the day after the renovation, the two older aunts passed by, and after watching for a while, they said, “I didn’t expect it to be repaired so well here. I will come to take a walk every day.”
▽老年健身区 fitness area for the elderly
6.绿篱木桩——自然迷宫 Hedgerow stakes – natural labyrinth
There was a circular green fence next to the activity area for the elderly, surrounding a huge array of heather trees, which was a natural base for children to hide and seek. We want to preserve and strengthen the memory of the site, add a circle of natural hedges and drill tube game modules to form a large natural labyrinth, allowing children to perceive the joy of the fun space while walking.
▽改造后的自然迷宫，成为孩子们天然追逐和捉迷藏的场地 the labyrinth, a natural base for children to hide and see
7.草坪秋千——秋千乐园 Lawn swing – swing paradise
There was a wooden swing on the original lawn. Due to long-term use, the wooden frame has shaken a bit, and the lawn on the ground has degenerated into mud. In the process of research, we found that both adults and children like swings. The swing always allows us to relax and remember the carefree memories of childhood.
We decided to keep the memory of the lawn swings in the site, adding single, double, multi-person, parent-child, and various swings under the forest, lawn, and streams, turning it into a swing paradise.
▽改造后的秋千乐园，100岁以下的儿童都无法抵挡它的魅力 the swing always allows us to relax and remember the carefree memories of childhood
8.森林里的艺术种子——月相门牌 Seed of art in the forest – moon phase doorplate
There is a hidden hedge belt in the park, including 8 “rabbit holes”, just like entrances to forest art exhibitions. We set up a set of moon phase recognition doorplates next to the doorway to show the change of the moon from lunar waning to lunar surplus.
▽绿篱门洞 the hidden hedge belt
▽月相认知门牌 a set of moon phase recognition doorplates
9.森林里的艺术种子——林间密语 Seeds of Art in the Forest – Secret Language in the forest
A lush big tree on the lawn in the hedge space attracted us. It was like the big tree that used to sit around the village as a child, full of story scenes. We designed a bench for whispering in the woods. The elves in the woods turned into benches and formed a circle to listen to the whispers of memories and tell the secrets of my heart.
▽一群精灵幻化成人们的坐凳，围坐在大树旁，长出耳朵，偷听故事 the bench area for whispering in the woods
10.森林里的艺术种子——星空之戒 The Seed of Art in the Forest – Star Ring
In this space enclosed by woods and hedges, we designed a wind-driven device. The ring device with a diameter of 5 meters is composed of a mirrored wind rotor, which can capture the wind in the forest and reflect the surrounding space environment. When people sit here and look up, the device is like a ring of stars hanging in the sky, a promise and a memory.
▽风动装置 – 星空之戒 Star Ring, a wind-driven device
Part2 滨河公园那些人和事儿 Those people and things in Binhe Park
In Liangzhu Cultural Village, running has become the most popular sport. In the eyes of villagers, there is nothing more romantic than running to say good morning to each other.
The Riverfront Park was built in 2013. The natural and ecological riverside landscape, the open and abundant green space and the 2 kilometers of fitness track, running, morning exercises, dog walking, walking… and the spontaneous morning market at the head of Du Fu bridge, the fireworks of life, in this natural riverside grows lively. Compared with Egret Park, Binhe Park presents a more modern and younger state. It only needs to be refurbished and improved in function.
▽滨河公园改造后设计图 Binhe Park plan (after renovation)
11.滨河跑道 Riverfront runway
In this natural ecological park, listening to the birdsong, breathing in the fresh air, and slowly feeling the dopamine of running is the beginning of a happy day. The riverside runway was seriously damaged due to the long-term sun and rain. We refurbished the 2km runway, added ground markings, and improved the runway system to make the villagers more comfortable running.
▽改造后的跑道，我们跑在风景里，而这风景成了画 the riverside runway has been improved to make the villagers more comfortable running
12.热身健身场地 Warm up the fitness venue
During the investigation, we found that the running villagers have the habit of warming up and stretching before and after exercise. However, due to the limitations of the venue, they can only stretch on the roadside and under the trees. We added warm-up venues and fitness venues at the start and middle points of the runway.
▽居民们在新建的健身区运动， villagers doing exercise at the fitness venue
Part3 居民头疼的那些事儿 Those things that residents have headaches
During the visit and investigation, the residents told us about some things that affect our daily life, including the lack of stools in the public area, the old tea language park, the poor privacy of the public toilets in the mine park, and the sign of the cultural village entrance is blocked. In response to these problems, we have made improvements and updates one by one.
▽调研中，多名业主表示需要单双杠，好的，安排上 problems mentioned in the investigation have been solved and updated, for example, set up the parallel & single bars
13.乐坐计划 Happy sitting plan
As the villagers of Wenhua Village continue to move in, the frequency of use of the venue is getting higher and higher. The number of original seating systems can no longer meet the existing needs, and many wooden benches are seriously decayed. The happy sitting plan came into being. How to apply a simple sitting stool to a changeable space scene? We have designed three modular stools: single seat, double seat without backrest and double seat with backrest, through combination and matching, to meet the needs of different venues.
▽乐坐计划，不同模块的组合搭配 Happy sitting plan – modular stools
▽一个人独坐是意境，两个人坐是交流，多人坐是人与城市的社交空间 modular stools provide different ways of sitting and interacting
14.茶语公园球场 Tea Language Park
There are two basketball courts and one football field in the tea park. The frequency of use is high, the ground of the stadium is seriously damaged, the facilities are old, and the road outside the stadium is muddy due to perennial water accumulation. The villagers are very happy to have a golf course open to the public, and plainly stated that it would be better if it were more beautiful. We updated the stadium equipment and replaced the floor coverings. Optimize common roads, increase drainage ditches, repair green plants, and increase lighting systems, so that the living space can truly return to life.
▽茶语公园球场 Tea Language Park
15.矿坑公厕 Mine public toilets
Mine Park is a natural mine-themed adventure park with undulating game terrain and large-scale activity lawns. It is a gathering place for villagers’ leisure and entertainment. Many people from outside the village also make a special trip here to punch in. However, the only public toilet is old and has poor privacy. We completely renovate public toilets from the inside out to upgrade the privacy and comfort of public toilets. The washbasin outside the public toilet was also updated to upgrade the experience.
▽改造后的公厕使用更舒适，更有私密性 Mine public toilets
16.点亮文化村入口 Light up the entrance of the Cultural Village
The entrance to the Cultural Village on National Highway 104 is the first bay for the villagers to return home, and it is also the first impression of tourists entering the Cultural Village. In the past, the sign at the entrance of the village was obscured, and the sign at the entrance was not obvious. We updated the entrance signs, sorted out shrubs, flowers, and optimized shapes of pine and stone to make the five words “Liangzhu Cultural Village” eye-catching and meet everyone who enters here unexpectedly.
▽改造后的文化村入口，给人鲜明的第一印象 the new entrance to the Cultural Village
Part4 玉鸟流苏再生计划 Yu Niao Liu Su Regeneration Plan
In 2022, with the 2.0 model of symbiosis between industry and human settlements in Liangzhu Cultural Village coming out, the vision of integration of industry and city becomes increasingly clear, and the cultural village enters a new stage of ecological complex development.
Compared with the busy big roof and beautiful Island Hall, the commercial street of Yu Niao Liu Su Phase II looks a little deserted. This was originally a complex public space bearing the needs of villagers, but with the passage of time, the commercial street gradually presents a state of exhaustion, the appearance of facilities is old, the design of commercial banners is not uniform, the overall space setting is lack of interaction…
We take the future community scene as the starting point, we start from the “urban cultural park”, “neighborhood public space”, “neighborhood cultural regeneration”, “neighborhood comprehensive service” and other scenes, combined with the spatial level, cultural level, service level, to create a combination of line and surface open and semi-open, diversified communication places for the community to meet different needs. At the same time, the bright spots within the site are mined to shape interesting scenes and form attractive places, so that the community content occurs here and the community vitality naturally returns.
17.创新策展式社区微更新 Innovative curated community micro updates
This time, we did not use the creation of the micro renewal of the way, but more focused on the content, mostly in innovative curatorial form. We changed the original guide of “Yu Niao Liu Su Creative Industry Park” into “Village People Avenue” with more Liangzhu cultural village heritage, strengthening the definition of villagers, Liangzhu culture and the connection between the two. The layout of the small square was redesigned to create a more open space form and provide more functionality for the villagers who arrive here. And through the way of “one hundred people’s message”, the sayings of villagers are made into cultural bricks and embedded in the floor tiles to continue the benign mechanism of villagers’ joint construction, co-governance and sharing. The restoration is not only about those forgotten corners, but also about reconnecting residents, businesses, streets and the city, and leveraging the infinite vitality of the city.
From the construction of Egret Park, Riverside Park, Tea Language Park, mining Pit Park, and Yu Niao Liu Su in Liangzhu Cultural Village, we not only start from space, but also start from the relationship between nature, residents, streets, city and life, and start from the local texture, local history and culture, as well as the content of people’s livelihood and welfare, so as to inject vitality and content into the community, upgrading from the material level to the non-material level. For this 5,000-year-old land, towards a better future.
▽改造前后对比 Before and after
The story of Liangzhu is to be continued…
Project name: Liangzhu Cultural Village 20th Anniversary Renewal Plan
Project address: Hangzhou Liangzhu Cultural Village
Developer: Hangzhou Vanke Group
Landscape design team: antao · Landscape 3rd departments
Architectural design team: antao · ZAN
Cultural Tourism Map: antao · Mushroom Cultural and Creative
Construction drawing: antao · a group of construction drawings of Wuhan branch
Device design: antao · AHA
Photography: Chenbi Photography Studio
Project name: Liangzhu Yu Niao Liu Su Commercial Street Renovation
Project address: Yu Niao Liu Su Commercial Street, Liangzhu, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province
Landscape area: 8065 m2
Developer: Hangzhou Vanke Group
Landscape design team: antao · Landscape 4th departments
Construction drawing: antao · Landscape 4th departments
Visual design: antao · Mushroom Cultural and Creative & antao · Landscape 4th departments
Photography: Chenbi Photography Studio
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