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Z’scape：Beijing is located in the northern part of the North China Plain, surrounded by mountains. The urban area within the fifth ring road is mostly flat, with a north-south layout, wide streets, and towering buildings, showcasing the high efficiency and fast pace of modern cities. However, people who have lived in the city for a long time often yearn for nature,mountains and forests. Jinshanling is located between Beijing and Chengde in Hebei Province, about 150 kilometers from Beijing. The Aranya Jinshanling project is located in the mountains, surrounded by the unique layer upon layer of mountains and steep mountain colors of northern China. On the ridge, the magnificent Jinshanling Great Wall has been through wind and frost for hundreds of years, which is magnificent and beautiful.
▽山林和金山岭长城 Mountain forests and Jinshanling Great Wall
It’s not straightforward to reach Jinshanling as it’s located in the mountains. When entering the suburban mountainous area of Beijing, you will see continuous mountain ranges outside the window, and gradually see villages and streams. As you go deeper into the mountains by car, a winding mountain road gradually becomes rugged and winding. After crossing steep mountains and forests along this “most beautiful way home” to reach the top of the mountain, you will arrive at Aranya Jinshanling. On the way, you gradually move from a grand urban space to a shelter surrounded by mountains. Your vision is washed by the mountains and your mind is peaceful.
▽“最美回家路””The most beautiful way Home”
The central town of Jinshanling designed by Z’scape is located in the valley center of the project, covering an area of about six hectares. It consists of Shanjing LOFT, Artist Studios, and Community Lawn. It’s like a new bud wrapped around it. Surrounding it are villas and spiritual buildings, and outside are undulating mountains and Jinshanling Great Wall. The central town has the main public supporting functions of the project, including cafeteria, restaurants, market, Children’s Center, Onsen, hotels, bookstores, small businesses, etc. It serves the entire community and accommodates daily life in the community. Based on basic green space, it provides places for neighborhood gatherings, socializing, sports and leisure activities for children.
▽金山岭中心小镇 Jinshanling center town
▽中心小镇服务于全社区，容纳社区生活日常 The central town serves the whole community and accommodates the daily life of the community
This is a small world in the mountains rooted in the valley of the Great Wall with distant mountains nearby that are simple yet warm-hearted. The design goal of Jinshanling Central Town Landscape is to build a public space that can meet community public activity needs in a natural field surrounded by mountains. By creating landscape places of various scales that are flexible to use, it realizes and promotes interaction between people and nature and between neighbors to increase people’s willingness to share and participate further stimulate public vitality in communities; let Aranya Jinshanling become a warm home for mountain living where quiet artistic culture coexists with warm neighborhood.
▽山居生活的温暖家园 A warm home for mountain life
▽山谷酒吧 Valley Bar
▽He BURGER、拾味山谷中餐厅 He BURGER, Taste Valley Chinese Restaurant
The Shanjing LOFT is a part of the central town that has already been built. The building is about 20 meters high and responds to the surrounding mountains, the Great Wall, and the site by enclosing it in a winding way. The solid red brick wall facade leaves a deep impression on people who come to Jinshanling. The original site had a height difference of more than ten meters. The landscape design made use of the value of the height difference of the site and divided the landscape space enclosed by the building into three terraces from top to bottom. The vertical “Great Wall Corridor” connects landscape nodes from high to low: “Stream Garden” – “Great Wall Gathering Garden” – Children’s Center Playground – “Tree Table Garden” – “Grass Mound Garden”, and different node spaces carry diverse community life.
▽中心小镇原场地高差 Central town original site height difference
▽山境平面图 Mountain landscape plan
▽山境景观结构 Mountain landscape structure
▽山境鸟瞰 A bird ‘s-eye view of the mountains
▽山境与山的关系 The relationship between mountain environment and mountain
The “Great Wall Corridor,” a vertical walking path that traverses the mountainous area, not only serves as a homecoming road for Shanjing LOFT residents but also connects public walking corridors between different areas. It has both a winding path under the forest and a stepped path that highlights the characteristics of mountain projects: a folded step and a straight step. They not only solve the height difference of five meters and six meters between the three terraces but also reflect the simplicity and strength of design vocabulary.
▽折线型的 “长城走廊”Curved “Great Wall corridor”
▽直线型的 “长城走廊”Rectilinear “Great Wall Corridor”
溪流园 Stream garden
The Stream Garden is located at the entrance of Shanjing LOFT and is also the highest point of the central town. Combining with the vertical design and water strategy of the entire central town, it presents natural situations such as streams and stones in the mountains and forests, expressing an artistic conception of “small bridge, flowing water, and people’s homes.” A mountain stone and spring are set at the end of the water scene, using the sound of gurgling water to attract people, emphasizing the natural feeling of returning home in mountains and forests. The bottom of Stream Garden pool is made of slate collage with delicate workmanship, expressing rhythm and interest with flowing texture. In winter when there is no water in cold northern China, it can also become a scenic spot.
▽山境的入口——溪流园 Mountain entrance – Stream garden
▽清泉石上流 Clear spring stone upstream
▽“水落石出”冬景 The winter scenery of “water and stone”
长城聚会花园 Great Wall Party Garden
The Great Wall Gathering Garden is inspired by the Great Wall beacon tower. We have set up a square seat enclosure space above the roof of the Children’s Center to reflect “gathering” and people can talk and rest here. They can also exercise and play on the lawn space. Due to the limitation of soil cover, trees cannot be planted here, so it’s open without shade, which is just right for creating a sunbathing garden corner for people in autumn and winter afternoons. In winter, a warm bonfire can also be lit in the garden for residents to enjoy outdoor space. The application of red bricks on the low wall defines the entrance of this garden and echoes the language of the building, giving new combinations and presentations to the expression of landscape elements.
▽长城聚会花园 Great Wall Party Garden
亲子中心儿童游乐园 Family center children’s amusement park
Children’s Center playground is located on the second rooftop of Shanjing LOFT along a winding staircase. Here, we have organically combined the functions of Children’s Center and playground. In this outdoor space, we have set up facilities such as sand pits and trampolines, providing an ideal place for children to play. In addition, we have arranged arc-shaped cast-in-place concrete benches to provide convenient and comfortable rest environment for parents who take care of their children. According to the overall tone of the project landscape, designers selected play equipment to match it, providing children with climbing, slides, swings and other activities.
▽沿着台阶而下到达儿童游乐园 Go down the steps to the children’s playground
▽儿童游乐园 Children’s amusement park
▽亲子中心与儿童游乐园相邻 The parent-child center is adjacent to the children’s amusement park
树桌花园 Tree table garden
Tree Table Garden is located under a tall maple forest between undulating terrain on the other side of the children’s playground. It’s an ideal place for outdoor reading, outdoor work, conversation and relaxation.
▽树桌花园 Tree table garden
草丘园 Grassplot garden
Grass Mound Garden is located at the lowest point of Shanjing LOFT’s elevation surface and is enclosed by apartment buildings and mountain valley hot springs to form a quiet space. We have created a circular grass mound with undulating terrain as temporary use. Next year, it will be turned into a water park.
▽草丘园 Grassplot garden
▽儿童们在草丘园骑行玩耍 Children ride and play in a grassy garden
言 YAN BOOKS
The YAN BOOKS and Artist Studio model room is a small building located on a slope. The difficulty of landscape design lies in dealing with the height difference between the road surface and the building entrance and organizing pedestrian routes to form an outdoor area that can accommodate various types of activities. Landscape elements such as terrain green slopes, trees, stones, steps, handrails, etc. can be combined with the building facade to form a complete picture.
▽言 YAN BOOKS
第一食堂与山谷市集 Cafeteria 1 and Valley Market
This is a public building next to Shanjing LOFT that serves as the cafeteria, valley market, and Breeze Bar. Due to the height difference between the north and south sides facing the road, an embedded building structure is formed. The landscape design carefully handles the height difference of the site, organizes pedestrian traffic, and also leaves a platform space for sitting at the market entrance. The paving material continues the red brick texture of the building’s characteristics, and details can be seen throughout.
▽山谷市集 Valley fair
▽红砖铺装 整体中见细节 Red brick paving overall see details
探索与思考 Exploration and Thoughts
1) The landscape design of the central town in the “mountain valley on the mountaintop” with such a unique natural environment adheres to the concept of “purity and ultimate” and explores and discovers landscape design vocabulary that is suitable for the natural environment of northern mountain dwellings. As a public space in a mountainous town, it must meet the needs of the community, not too wild or too rough, nor can it use landscape design elements and techniques commonly used in urban environments. What we pursue in design is not a gorgeous appearance but to coordinate with the natural environment and architecture of the mountain valley, and integrate some simple elements into a concise and highly integrated design vocabulary to present natural charm. On the one hand: unconstrained by any “style” or “form,” the focus is on creating suitable and usable landscape spaces. On the other hand: in the process of landscape construction, we keep doing subtraction in design, ensuring that the condensed part can be presented with better quality. During the process, both parties actively experimented with new materials and construction techniques, and attached great importance to the ultimate expression of landing details. These two principles run through the entire design process.
▽与山谷自然环境相协调 In harmony with the natural environment of the valley
▽顺应地势高差的溪流 A stream that follows a difference in elevation
▽景观的形式和材料与建筑相协调 The form and material of the landscape harmonizes with the architecture
2) In cold and long winter northern mountainous areas, plant species and seasonal effects are greatly affected. In such a geographical environment, the landscape design of the central town does not focus on creating artificial “visual focus” or decorative theme scenes. For softscape creation, designers first start with plant species selection. We investigated advantageous tree species in Jinshanling villages and surrounding areas, summarized wintering, survival, and growth conditions of planted plants, combined with Jinshanling’s climate conditions and project tone to select plants that can resist wind, drought, cold, low maintenance, and wintering. Tree species: Acer truncatum Bunge, Acer pentaphyllum Diels., Quercus mongolica Fisch., Acer rubrum L., etc.; shrub species: Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge., Armeniaca sibirica (L.) Lam., Cotinus coggygria Scop., etc.; flower shrub species: Syringa oblata Lindl., Daphne retusa Hemsl., Koelreuteria paniculata Laxm., etc.; ground cover species: Juniperus chinensis L., Miscanthus sinensis Anderss., etc. The growing plants also bring people closer to nature, allowing the landscape of the central town to blend into the surrounding natural environment in a simple and comfortable way.
▽山境的植物 The plants of the mountain
3) This project is a mountainous project with a large height difference. In the process of landscape landing, we have adjusted plane and detailed designs many times to adapt to various problems encountered during construction and explored how to make designs more concise, appropriate in scale proportion, and more usable. After handling terrain, fire-fighting passages, building entry-exit relationships, we use simple design language to create flexible activity places. The design of public space nodes also fully considers the characteristics and needs of community people to create spaces suitable for gatherings, communication, rest and other activities; The public nature of these places also depends on their ability to carry multiple activities. In terms of material application, we conducted a series of experiments on Jinshanling landscape materials with colleagues from Aranya Engineering Department and construction parties such as grooved concrete pavement, arc-shaped brick walls, slate collage, broken bricks blocks etc. Shanjing LOFT is just a beginning; experiences and techniques with good experimental results will be used in Artist Studio area of central town.
▽落地呈现的细节 Landing presentation details
一到秋天，北京就美成了北平；金山岭作为京山余脉的延续，十月也展现出最美丽的风姿。致舍自2020年参与到金山岭的景观设计和建设，经过三年的秋季，我们终于能完全摘下口罩、自由地呼吸和出行。今年九月，在进行景观施工巡场过程中，我们萌发了纪录疫情后的第一个金秋的想法，在中心小镇已建成的景观空间里，展示人们山居的公共生活状态 。阿那亚aranya出自梵语阿兰若, 本意为“人间寂静处，找回本我的地方”，阿那亚金山岭更是一处群山环抱的精神家园。而在小镇的公共空间也有着邻里间温情的烟火气，这与金山岭的安静和艺术诗意共存而相依。在广袤的北方大山里，阿那亚金山岭犹如一个温暖的庇护所；在这个大山中的小世界，远离城市的喧嚣，人与人之间、人与山与自然之间的联系却越发紧密，山居生活共同体正在悠然生长。
As autumn arrives, Beijing transforms into a picturesque city, reminiscent of the old days of Beiping. As an extension of the Jing Mountains, Jingshanling displays its most beautiful scenery in October. We would like to express our gratitude for being involved in the landscape design and construction of Jingshanling since 2020. After three years of autumn, we can finally take off our masks, breathe freely, and travel without restrictions. In September this year, during the landscape construction inspection process, we came up with the idea of recording the first golden autumn after the epidemic. In the landscape space already built in the central town, we showcased the public living conditions of people living in the mountains.
Aranya comes from the Sanskrit word “Araṇya”, which means “a place of silence in this world, where one finds oneself”. Aranya Jingshanling is a spiritual home nestled amidst a cluster of mountains. The public space in the small town also has a warm atmosphere between neighbors, coexisting and relying on the tranquility and artistic poetry of Jingshanling. In the vast northern mountains, Aranya Jingshanling is like a warm shelter; in this small world in the mountains, away from the hustle and bustle of the city, the connection between people, mountains and nature is becoming increasingly close-knit, and the mountain community is growing leisurely.
▽山中选石 Select stones from the mountain
▽施工过程 Construction process
▽山境景观施工过程 Mountain landscape construction process
▽溪流园施工过程 Stream garden construction process
▽儿童活动区座椅是现浇混凝土，在施工现场对形状进行把控 The seats in the children’s activity area are cast in situ concrete, and the shape is controlled at the construction site
▽弧形砖墙的施工 Construction of curved brick wall
▽拉槽混凝土路面的施工 Construction of tensioned concrete pavement
▽火山岩铺装打样 Volcanic rock paving proofing
Project Name: Aranya Jingshanling Central Town Landscape (Shanjing LOFT)
Location: Chengde, Hebei Design
Construction Time: 2020-2023
Area: 6 hectares
Landscape Design: Z’scape
Lead Designer: Zhou Liangjun, Zhou Ting
Design Team: Liu Xueting, Zhang Hongyu, Qin Fang, Xu Hanhan, Chen Zehao, Man Yuan, Yu Hao, Lü Junxing, Xu Wenhong, Chang Wenjing, Li Xin
Architectural Design: Jianyan Architecture
Children’s Playground Equipment: UPgreen (Beijing) International Trading Co., Ltd.
Photography: Luan Qi, He Li Landscape Photography, Zhou Ting
更多 Read more about: Z’scape 致舍景观