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元象建筑 + 重庆合信建筑设计院：IDO元象建筑与重庆合信建筑设计院于2015年完成了第一个设计型酒店——大理“慢屋·揽清”（Munwood Lakeside），建筑师所承担的是兼具甲乙方的双重角色，从最初的策划、选址、设计、建造管理再到酒店运营，可谓是全过程的参与。同年，建筑师开始了位于洱海东岸第二个慢屋——“慢屋·极目”(Munwood Panorama) 的设计，第一个慢屋所积累的客户使用反馈作为真实存在的建筑评价，成为了设计第二个慢屋时最为可靠的依据与动力。
IDO + Hexin Architectural Design Institute：In 2015, IDO completed the first design hotel (called Munwood Lakeside) in Dali, China, in collaboration with Chongqing Hexin Architectural Design Institute. We played a dual role in that project since we were our own client. We participated in all stages of that project, from planning and site selection to design, construction and operation. In the same year, we started the design of Munwood Panoroma, which is the second hotel of Munwood series, located on the east bank of Erhai Lake. The feedbacks received from guests on Munwood Lakeside gave us references and impetus to approaching the design of this project.
选址与诉求 Site selection & requests
考虑到“慢屋·揽清”客人的体验是“清晨，卧于床榻可观洱海日出”，为了客人获得不同的体验，“慢屋·极目”的选址关键词自然地选定为“日落”：选址位于海东镇的文笔村，此处依山傍水，对岸正对着苍山、古城与三塔，这里是整个洱海环线上可以饱览“苍洱全景”的最佳位置，项目取名为“极目”，以场地视线极佳，适合“极目远望”而得，英文名 “Panorama” 更暗合了“苍洱全景”的画面感。
Considering that Munwood Lakeside enables guests to enjoy sunrise on the bed, we hoped to create a different experience for them in Mundwood Panorama, and so took “sunset” as the key word for choosing the site. Finally we decided to locate the project in Wenbi Village of Haidong Town, which directly faces the Cang Mountain, Dali Ancient City and Three Pagodas of the Chongsheng Temple and is a perfect position to have a panoramic view of Erhai Lake. We named the hotel “Panorama”, indicating that it provides an open view to the surrounding landscape.
▼苍洱全景 Panoramic view of Erhai Lake and Cang Mountain
Wenbi Village features a cluster of architectures on a sloping land. We selected two local dwellings with yards for building the hotel. Covering a land area of 1,666 sqm in total, the original two architectures are respectively situated on the foot and middle of the slope, with a big elevation difference that is nearly the height of four storeys. Based on the principle of low-cost, we chose to work on the transformation via “subtle interventions”, so as to better let the architectures blend with the built environment of the village.
▼建筑与村落 Architectures & village
适度改造与秩序重塑 Moderate transformation and reshaping of order
We firstly rearranged the functional spaces of the two original buildings — the upper block and lower block. The lower block is formerly a two-floor farmer’s house, constructed with bricks and concrete. We added a third floor to its roof to accommodate guest rooms. Besides, we also built a L-shaped steel-structured volume on the ground, which encloses a courtyard-like space with the building already existed and functions as the reception & dining area. The upper block is formerly a two-and-a-half-storey rectangular local dwelling, also built with bricks and concrete. We completed the third floor space by following the original architectural structure, and at the same time added three guest rooms with big terraces on one side. In this way, the architecture was given a new “L”-like shape, and a semi-enclosed yard was formed, with a borderless pool as the highlight. On the north side, we newly built an independent guest room area. It is made of a steel structure, so we call it “steel hut”. The reason that we chose to adopt a steel structure is that we hoped to express the spatial relationship between the old and new, present the differences at construction and typology level, and make it more identifiable.
▼轴侧图 Axonometric drawing
▼建筑外观 Architectural appearance
▼下院餐厅及内院 Dining area & the inner yard of the lower block
▼下院餐厅 Dining area of the lower block
▼下院餐厅室内 Dining interiors of the lower block
与山水对话的公共空间体验 Public spaces: dialogue with nature
The public spaces are continuous and situated at different elevations, thereby forming a circulation route for guests along which they can enjoy varying views at every step, and also generating multi-dimensional interactions between people and landscape. We created a public terrace on the roof of the lower block, which is equipped with a borderless pool and a relaxing seating area. Taking the elevator upwards from the reception lobby, the guests will reach this rooftop terrace, on which they can overlook the Erhai Lake and Cang Mountain and establish a dialogue with the natural scenery. And then, they can arrive at the upper block area after passing through a steel bridge that stretches across a small cliff and ascending the stairs. The yard of the upper block also has a pool and allows the guests to enjoy the panorama of the charming lake and mountains. The sunlight and winds vary in different seasons and at different time throughout the day, which enriches the guests’ experience.
▼下院屋顶花园 Roof terrace of the lower block
▼下院过道与楼梯 Passage & staircase of the lower block
▼上院与泳池 The upper block & swimming pool
▼上院泳池房灰空间 Transitional space & framed view of pool-equipped guest room of the upper block
客房空间：多样性与体验感 Guest rooms: diversified types and experiences
Panorama Resort has in total 23 guest rooms of 11 different room types. The idea of connecting to nature was incorporated into the interior design of every room type. Taking the guest room 601 as an example, the design took an unconventional path by dividing space area equally between the bedroom and bathroom. The bathroom area is combined with an indoor garden, creating an illusion of being outside and providing a unique bathing experience. On the other hand, the bedroom area faces the Erhai Lake, and the window near the tatami frames the outdoor landscape. Another example is the guest room 606. Its bathroom is placed beside the bedroom area, with the bathtub situated next to the exterior window facing a reflective pool. Seen from the bathtub, the pool seems to connect with the Erhai Lake, forming a “closer” interaction between the lake and the guests. For the guest room on the 5th floor next to the borderless pool, a transitional space was specially set up in consideration of privacy. The wooden gratings in this area forms a “frame” with a sense of depth, which combines the pool, the Erhai Lake and the Cang Mountain in the background into a “landscape painting”.
▼客房706 -1 Guest room 706-1
▼客房601或701 Guest room 601/guest room701
▼客房601或701 窗与框景 Window & framed view of guest room 601/guest room701
▼客房706 -2 Guest room 706-2
▼客房706 -3 Guest room 706-3
▼客房706-3 露台细部 Guest room 706-3
▼客房706-4 浴缸与洱海 Guest room 706-4
▼客房706-5 浴缸与洱海 Guest room 706-5
关于体验的建造：小钢屋设计解读 Experience-focused construction: an interpretation of the steel hut
场地限制与空间逻辑 Site restrictions and spatial logic
The steel hut is located on the northernmost side of the upper block. The site is narrow, long, and trapezoidal, which is about 21 meters in length. From south to north, the width gradually decreases from 6 meters to less than 3 meters. Besides, the site slopes downward from north to south, with an elevation difference of 2.5 meters approximately. Facing the cliff on the west, it provides the guests an open view to the Erhai Lake and Cang Mountain at a distance. In addition, on the east side of the site, there is a retaining wall about 2 meters high, above which is a public path of the village. The site of the steel hut was once the main passage for the dwellers of the upper block to enter and exit the village, but it no longer serves that function since the merging of the upper and lower blocks. We hoped to make use of it to build an independent guest room area with a communal space and two guest rooms, and so we carried out a construction experiment and exploration on creating an efficient, comfortable and experience-focused vacation space on a limited site area.
▼小钢屋外观 Appearance of the steel hut
In view of the limited area and irregular shape of the site, we decided to arrange the flank walls of both guest rooms on diagonal lines, which splay outwards. In this way, the guest rooms have a wider view towards the Erhai Lake, and several ‘inverted trapezoidal” spaces were “cut” and left on the site, which were converted into a washroom, kitchen and public staircase hall. Such way of spatial division, combined with the split-level design based on the gentle slope, embody Louis I. Kahn’s concept of “Served Spaces and Servant Spaces”: with staircase hall, kitchen and washroom as “servant spaces”, and guest rooms and the public living room as “served spaces”.
▼小钢屋公共楼梯 Public staircase of the steel hut
▼小钢屋细部 Details of the steel hut
结构体系与空间体验 Structural system and spatial experience
After figuring out the spatial order, we wanted to make the structural order integrate with it, and let the three “servant spaces” together constitute the structural supporting system. Considering the economy of the structural system and convenience for construction, we adopted small rectangular steel tubes to form grid as the main supporting structure. Due to the large gaps left between the steel tubes, light can make its way in. Therefore, this structure is different from the conventional “grid” in a sense, but more like a “light filter”. When guests move inside the steel-structure “light filter”, they can feel the interaction with nature. Especially at dusk, they can see the sunlight from the west penetrating through the gaps of the steel grid and illuminating the stone wall. Light and shadows were utilized as unique “construction materials” and incorporated into the architectural space. The steel hut is essentially a construction experiment focusing on the experience of nature.
▼小钢屋公共客厅 Public area of the steel hut
▼小钢屋客房 Guest room in the steel hut
▼小钢屋客房卫生间 Guest room bathroom of the steel hut
On the east side of the steel hut, there is a retaining wall and a village path higher than the site. Based on this, we built a reinforced concrete wall for the hut, and then clad the interior-facing side of the wall in local stones, therefore creating a unique backdrop wall with a holiday atmosphere. All the switches, sockets, fireplaces, AC units and cabinets were placed in niches embedded in the stone wall, and by doing so ensured its integrity. The roughness of the stone wall, the warmth of the wooden interface, and the exquisiteness of steel, present the variety of material textures, and generate a unique spatial ambience. The design of the steel hut reflects the rational relationship between structure and space, and its material selection and construction show a clear logic and respect to locality.
▼材料 Details of materials
▼改造策略示意+模型照片 Transformed strategy + Architectural model
▼小钢屋分解轴测图 Exploded axonometric drawing of the steel hut▼小钢屋剖透视 Perspective section of the steel hut▼小钢屋墙身大样 Detailed drawing of the steel hut’s walls▼组合平面图1 Combined floor plans 1▼组合平面图2 Combined floor plans 2
建筑面积：改造前1110 m2，改造后1785 m2
Project name: Dali Munwood Panorama Resort Hotel
Client: Chongqing Munwood Hotel Management Co., Ltd.
Project location: Wenbi Village, Haidong Town, Dali City, Yunan Province, China
Project area: 1110 m2 / 1785 m2 (before/after transformation)
Design phase: March 2015 — June 2016
Completion time: April 2017
Opening time: October 2018
Architectural design: Init Design Office (IDO), Chongqing Hexin Architectural Design Institute Co., Ltd.
Interior design: CAS
Photography: Arch-Exist Photography, Liang Xiaolong
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