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Junya Ishigami (translator Fraze Craze)：The project is a residence/restaurant for a French restaurant owner. He is an old friend of mine, and he was the one who commissioned the Tables for a Restaurant. I was asked to design a building as “heavy” as possible. “I want an architecture whose heaviness would increase with time,” he said. “It cannot be artificially smooth but rather something with the roughness of nature. Authentic cuisines require such a place.” He also told me that “it has to look as if it has been there and will continue to be there for the longest time.” His idea was to create a brand-new long-established restaurant. He was longing for something that is both a house and a restaurant, something he could pass on to his children and grandchildren.
▽项目鸟瞰 Aerial view
Now, he invites guests to the restaurant as he would invite friends to his house, and with someone special, he would let them into the living room or even stay overnight. When the restaurant is closed, the hall serves as a place for the family to spend time or for the children to study. The plan is arranged with the restaurant on the north and the residence on the south. To go back and forth between the spaces, they can walk through any one of the three courtyards that separate them.
▽建筑入口 The entrance
In terms of construction, we conceived a process of constantly sharing, accepting, and referencing the un-precisions and accidents that occurred on the site to create an architecture that internalizes natural distortions and uncertainties. More specifically, we dug a hole in the ground to pour concrete, excavated the volume, and fixed glasses to create interior space.
▽建筑结构生成过程 The process of structure formation
▽建设过程，在地面挖出“洞穴” Construction Process
▽浇筑混凝土 Placing concrete
▽待混凝土凝固后开挖泥土，形成建筑内部空间 After the concrete is solidified, the soil will be excavated to form the internal space of the building
首先，我们将经过无数次修改的结构体模型转换为三维数据。然后将三维坐标数据输入到全站仪 (TS) 测量仪器中，利用导航系统确定打桩的点位。与此同时，建筑工人在iPad上不断确认位置和形状，并采用手动挖掘的方式以保证精确度。并尽可能考量了一些意外因素，如长草、土壤塌陷，或因手动施工造成的偏差。
First, a mass model that went through countless modifications was converted into 3D data. The 3D coordinate data was then input into a total station (TS) survey instrument to determine the points utilizing a navigation system for pile driving. At the same time, construction workers dug the hole manually for precision while constantly confirming the position and shape on an iPad. Unexpected factors such as growing grass, soil collapsing, or errors due to manual labor were tolerated as much as possible.
▽用三维数据生成3d模型辅助找位 Generate 3D models from 3D data to help find the right place
When the structure was excavated after concrete solidification, it was caked with mud. With the range in geology, the nature and appearance of the soil differed from place to place. We originally planned to wash away the dirt to reveal a gray concrete structure. However, we were impressed by how it looked with soil that we decided to leave it as it is. It was then that we sensed the atmosphere of a cave and decided to redesign the building with a new image.
▽建成后的建筑，从入口开始一场在“洞穴”中穿行的旅程 The completed building
▽大厅中更多的用餐区域 Dining areas in the lobby
In designing the interior space, we visualized in 3D images the differences between the design drawings and the actual surface coordinates of the excavated structure. This process revealed new spaces that we had not anticipated to emerge from the overlapping discrepancies. We discovered such places and updated the way to inhabit the architecture accordingly. Thus the architectural design process was flipped, to reference the structure to determine the designs including the placement and number of glass pieces, arrangement and size of the furniture, and positions and details of MEP facilities. For example, where to fix the glass was adjusted based on actual on-site measurements, and 3D scan data was used to verify that the glass would not break by hitting the structure during the construction nor by opening/closing, and to adjust the position of the hinges. To simplify the plumbing route, the water supply and drainage were planned to pass through the three courtyards in a straight line, and faucets, drainage pipes, ventilation ducts, etc. were installed to penetrate the glass windows into the rooms.
▽设计图纸与现场施工之间的差异可视化图纸 Comparison between design drawings and site construction
▽窗户和门洞尺寸设计图 Window and door dimensions
▽建筑结构之间镶嵌的透明玻璃窗，渗透内外空间 Glass windows permeate the interior and exterior Spaces
▽生活区域内部场景 The living area
Accepting uncertainties, the concrete mass will gradually be transformed into architecture through cut-and-try. The owner will start a life here, run a restaurant, and continue to renew this place.
▽淋浴室及洗漱台 Shower room and washing station
▽主要结构平面布局图（左）、局部平面图（右） Key plan (left) & Detail plan (right)
▽厨房区域剖面图 Kitchen sections
▽尺寸详图 Tategu detail
项目地点：日本 山口县 宇部市
负责人：Toshiya Ishishang, Akie Abe, Takazaixiu, Takuya Nakayama
Project name: House & Restaurant
Site of the project: Ube, Yamaguchi, Japan
Design phase: 2013.7-2016.5
Construction phase: 2016.11-2022.3
Site area: 914.69 m2
Building area: 270.72 m2
Total floor area: 195.41 m2
Building Type: House + Restaurant
Structural system: earth formwork reinforced concrete
Major materials: exposed concrete, tempered glass
Client: Motonori Hirata
Design team: junya.ishigami+associates
Person in charge: Junya Ishigami, Taeko Abe, Jaehyub Ko, Takuya Nakayama
Structural engineering: Jun Sato Structural Engineers
Person in charge: Jun Sato, Yoshihiro Fukushima
lighting/interior designer: junya.ishigami+associates
Person in charge: Junya Ishigami, Takuya Nakayama
lighting advisor: Izumi Okayasu Lighting Design
Person in charge: Izumi Okayasu
curtain: Yoko Ando Design
Person in charge: Yoko Ando
General contractor: Akita Kensetsu Co.,Ltd.
Person in charge: Masato Akita, Gaku Matsumoto, Takaki Fukuda, Takuya Nakayama, Akane Enda, Yuki Inoue
MEP: Echo Mechanical Plumber
Person in charge: Koichi Tashiro
Person in charge: Yuta Itagaki
Person in charge: Kazuya Kiryu
Glass: Meiji Glass Company Limited
Person in charge: Kensuke Kashihara
Person in charge: Yoshio Yanagiya
Furniture: Gotanda Seisakusho Co., Ltd.
Person in charge: Shigeki Miyamoto, Ai Mizuta
RC furniture: I.D.Works
Person in charge: Hayato Takehashi
*英文译者：Fraze Craze，文章首发于GA Houses 182, A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo
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