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Thanks CLAB for authorizing the publication of the project on mooool, Text description provided by CLAB.
CLAB:The INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART is CLAB’s new studio in Qionglai, Chengdu City, and it is a space built and operated by architects, artists, scientific research institute and rural craftsmen. Its name reveals three, at least, experimental “spirit”: the experiment of construction, the experiment of rural reform movement, and the innovation experiment of social relations.
建筑/艺术创新实验室 INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART
Traditional materials were used to build a modern experimental space. Rammed earth supports lightweight steel roof trusses as a structure. Traditional materials can enter modern aesthetics and modern life, compatible with modern sound and photoelectric heating and other equipment.
▽项目的初衷 Original intention of the project
来自土地的纪念碑 MONUMENTS FROM EARTH
历史主义甚嚣尘上，它危言耸听地断言建筑已经无法成为改造社会的手段；但是我认为，建筑需要社会关系作为自我更新的素材。 诚然，建筑的专业性只有在它的传统中才能找到，但是， 建筑不能仅仅为简单反映自身问题和挖掘自身传统而存在。
Historicism is rampant, and it alarmingly asserts that architecture can no longer be a means of transforming society; but I think that architecture needs social relations as the material of self-renewal. Admittedly, the professionalism of architecture can only be found in its tradition, but architecture cannot simply reflect its own problems and excavate its own tradition.
▽在遗址公园中，夯土墙仿佛是来自土地的纪念碑。Rammed earth wall in construction, like a monument that grew out of the earth
▽乡土施工队正在为为夯土墙搭建钢架。Workers in the local construction team are building rammed earth walls
This space is constructed by traditional material rammed earth. A scientific research team come from Chinese University of Hong Kong provided mature technical support for the rammed earth construction of this project, which significantly improve the technical limit of traditional rammed earth, so that it can be used in the earthquake of eight-degree fortification areas, can be used as structure (not maintenance system). This will also improve the living security in rural areas. This technology insists the handmaking of rammed earth so as to adapt to the way of social work in the countryside and be accepted and spread by the vast rural areas of China. The whole construction process is also a cultivate scheme for modern rammed earth craftsmen. Local artisans will take this technic returning to their homeland, build their home by hands, considering the reality of undeveloped rural society, and bring modern meaning into the historical narrative. Upon completion of the laboratory, we will operate the residence of architects and artists to mutually nurture contemporary knowledge and rural nature, and to experiment with a possible innovative social relationship. This is the significance of the practice of the INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART.
▽夜晚的建筑/艺术创新实验室 INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART
建筑故事: 建造是一次社会介入 PROJECT STORY ：Construction is an engagement of social relation
2017 年，我获得了一个机会，在位于成都周边乡村的一个唐宋的遗址公园里给自己的工作 室“合造社”建一个空间。作为建筑师，这是我第一次在乡村真实的建造房子。而我可使用的建造资源是我在周边拉到的一个农民工。这个空间被命名为“建筑 / 艺术创新实验室”。 项目筹备期，计划了几件事情，几件希望去实验的事情。
In 2017, I got a chance to build a space for my studio in a Relics Park in the surrounding countryside of Chengdu. As an architect, this is my first time to truly build something in rural area, which means the construction resources I can use are peasant workers who know hardly the modern construction industry. The space was named ” The INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART “. During the preparation period, several things which are worth to do, to experiment, in a Lab were planned. First thing, I plan to use rammed earth to build this space. Secondly, the rammed earth will be constructed as structural system rather than a maintenance system. This is very important. Thirdly, to organize rammers’ training program in the countryside. The practice of the above three does not lie in appreciation of rammed earth, nor aesthetic preference; it originates from a sociological idea that, perhaps, the rammed earth is a tool engaging and reshaping the social relations of rural China. I regard the construction of this project as an experiment that operation of architectural knowledge operating with social relations become possible. Social engagement may be a more essential thing in rural construction, rather than just building houses in the countryside. Fourthly, the building must be compatible with modern equipment, so in addition to the use of rammed earth as structure, a pre-modern constructing method, we have redesigned the thermal constructing system: manual constructed structural grade broken-bridge-curtainwalls, and inexpensive thermal and waterproof integrated roofs… Fifth thing, hate lamps, then use a structure space installation to provide lighting. The whole building was constructed manually all by peasant workers.
▽乡土施工队的工人们正在堆砌夯土墙。Workers in the local construction team are building rammed earth walls.
▽乡土施工队的工人们正在搭建钢架。Workers in the local construction team are building steel frames.
关于设计 : 抗震的框筒平面 A Prototype of “frame-tube + free plane”
The significance of hand-made rammed earth for rural society is self-evident, and the three principles of architecture, Firmatis (Durability), Utilitas (Utility), Venustatis (Beauty), that architecture knowledge can contribute to rural society are undoubtedly solid, practical and beautiful. Safety is particularly important in rural areas where construction supervision and modern building systems are lacking.
除了材料上的改进，夯土的抗震抗剪性能主要来源于结构平面的合理性。在这个建筑中，大部分的结构构件被设计成为小框筒，抵抗来自任何方向的水平力。而框筒和框筒之间，是作为自由平 面的公共空间。大空间处的片墙，被屋顶钢框架 和基础地梁与抗剪框筒连接在一起。这个平面可以被视作一类结构原型“框筒抗剪 + 自由平面“，适用于大多数的乡村公共空间的建造。
In addition to material improvements, the seismic resistance of rammed earth mainly come from the rationality of structural plane. In this building, most of the structural components are designed as small frames to resist horizontal forces from any direction. And between one frame tube and another, it is a public space as a free plane. The wall in the large space is connected by the roof steel frame and the foundation beam with the shearresistant frame tube. This plane can be regarded as a kind of structural prototype “frame-tube + free plane”, which is suitable for the construction of most rural public spaces
夯土的三个社会接入口 Three Point that Rammed Earth Engages Society
2. 基于手作：手作意味着在一个缺乏现代建造技术 的前现代的中国乡村，建房成为一门生活技能，而不是专业技术。
3. 作为结构：如果夯土不能作为建筑的结构系统，那么这项技术对乡村的社会结构是无效的。 这个项目的建造过程，就是对乡村夯土工匠的培训过程。工匠带着技术，在乡村的熟人社会中建房，并传播这项知识。
1.Cheap: The cheapness of earth materials makes it possible for this technic to be promoted spontaneously in undeveloped rural area.
2. Handwork-based: Handwork means that in the pre-modern rural China lacking modern construction technology, building a house becomes a life skill rather than a professional technology.
3. As a structure: If rammed earth cannot be used as a structural system of buildings, then this technic is ineffective for the rural society. The construction process itself is the training process of craftsmen. Craftsmen bring technology to build houses in rural acquaintance societies and disseminate this knowledge.
▽夯墙根，初代夯土。Rammed wall roots, the first rammed earth.
▽建造中的夯土墙 Rammed earth walls under construction.
▽乡村施工队的工人在检查夯土墙的密实度。Workers in the village construction team inspect the compaction of the rammed earth wall.
▽夯土墙建造完毕，准备搭建屋架。The rammed earth wall was built and the roof trusses were ready to be erected.
建造过程：如何在乡村给自己建一座房子？THE CONSTRUCTION PROCESS: how to build a house for yourself in the countryside?
Most people involved in rural construction will encounter a concept called “old house”. But most people don’t know the difference between remodeling and rebuilding, and they can’t judge the choice between remodeling and rebuilding. The recommendations are as follows:
1.Rural houses are generally brick and wood, and many houses need to replace the main columns and main beams when they face renovation. Replacing the main beam means that the roof truss is to be demolished for replacement; Replacing the main column means that the entire house above the ground floor is demolished and replaced. If the foundation is not moved, the new column/beam is reconstructed, which is also a way of reconstruction. If the basic layout also needs to be changed, it is completely rebuilt.
2.If the columns and beams are intact and the space of the original building is suitable for the new function, only the doors and windows (maintenance system) can be replaced, and such a renovation can save costs.
3.If the main column needs to be replaced, the house must be demolished, and it is recommended to rearrange the house plan to adapt to the new functional requirements. The architecture/art innovation lab project falls into this category. The main pillar of the original house is decayed, it is better to dig up the foundation together, and more new functions require redesign.
4.The least recommended approach is to rebuild the original structure of the original foundation after the demolition of the original structure. Old building plans may not be suitable for new features, and this type of renovation is more expensive than new construction.
▽拆除实验室原址上的危房。Demolition of dangerous houses on the original site of the laboratory.
▽拆除危房后建筑基地和周边。After the demolition of the dangerous house, the construction base and surroundings.
▽挖基坑。Excavation of foundation pit.
The laboratory uses a strip base. The depth of the pit should be dug into the holding layer. However, the location of the laboratory is in the cultural relics protection area, which is in the factor of cultural relics protection, the laboratory’s foundation pit is shallow excavation, in order to strengthen the structural stability, the foundation bottom surface is made of large width concrete strip flexible foundation, reducing the settlement pressure.
1. The principle of choosing a bar base or an independent foundation is that if it is a column load-bearing, choose an independent foundation; Wall load-bearing, choose a bar foundation.
2. Rural houses can be shallow excavation, such as shallow excavation, the foundation pit needs to be increased in width, and the concrete flexible cushion layer is made.
3. Even in rural construction, construction drawings still need to be drawn. Due to the particularity of the foundation, the laboratory project urgently modified the foundation form after excavation, and did not have time to do new structural calculation and construction, resulting in an increase of 20,000 yuan in the single cost of the foundation. Money-like lessons.
Because the main structure of the laboratory is a frame rammed earth, the foundation adopts a strip foundation. The bottom plate ribs are made of 18 diameter rebar, 8 longitudinal, and 250 mm lateral spacing (later proved to be too full after structural calculations).
All locations with walls must have a foundation. The strip foundation is connected along the axis, or the base ring beam is pulled to improve the integrity to resist earthquakes.
▽地圈梁浇筑完成后，开始夯一层墙体。After the pouring of the earth circle beams is completed, the ramming of a layer of the wall begins.
1.After the concrete ring beam is poured, it takes about 5 days of maintenance to start ramming the ring beam.
2. The first principle of rammed earth wall seismic resistance must form a frame structure, and the large frame tube needs to be added to the middle to form two frames with a small length-width ratio.
▽一层墙体夯完，支模浇筑圈梁和二层楼板。The first floor of the wall was rammed, and the support mold was poured with circle beams and two floor slabs.
Because the laboratory must leave a large public space, it is impossible to form a frame structure on the side of the large space, and can only be changed to a wall. The wall has excellent seismic resistance in the longitudinal direction, but has almost zero seismic resistance in the direction of the hammer wall. The laboratory project solved this problem using the process of embedding a longitudinal, high-strength I-beam in the longitudinal length of the sheet wall. I-beam and concrete floor slab embedded parts are welded to strengthen the seismic performance of concrete floor slabs (horizontal seismic performance is close to infinity) and seismic half-frame.
1.Concrete ring beams not only play a role in strengthening the horizontal seismic performance, but also play a role in the bearing system of rammed earth structural walls and roof light steel systems. The material properties of steel are alkali-resistant and not acid-resistant, while concrete is alkaline and rammed earth is generally acidic. Rammed earth and concrete are seamlessly undertaken, and concrete and steel are seamlessly undertaken.
2. I-beams buried in rammed earth need to be treated with high-strength anti-corrosion. The buried position is centered, and the two sides of the small rammer head rammer are used to rammer, otherwise the I-beam will be displaced in the high-strength ramming.
▽在楼板上夯第二层墙体，并搭建搭建钢结构楼梯。A second wall was rammed on the slab and a steel staircase was erected.
Above the ring beams are vertical steel columns and main beams. The four main beams connect the sheet wall and the seismic frame in the vertical direction, and the sheet wall obtains the seismic resistance in both directions.
▽搭接轻钢架系统和边廊系统。Lap light steel frame system and side gallery system.
The side corridor system uses a special structure of broken bridge steel columns developed by Hezhuang Society. The steel column is both a load-bearing member and can also be used as a window frame. Hollow insulating glass is directly attached between the steel columns of the broken bridge. The roof structure of the side corridor adopts I-beam steel, and the lower flange is equipped with corrugated plates to form a basin-shaped space that can be filled with insulation.
1. The structural form of light steel roof truss generally has two forms: frame structure and shelf structure. The difference is that the frame structure can be subjected to force in both horizontal directions, and the shelf structure can only withstand the force parallel to the shelf structure. The frame structure has better overall performance, but the cost is slightly higher than the shelf structure. The laboratory adopted a frame structure to enhance the seismic performance of the house.
2. The metal components of the glass gallery must be constructed of a broken bridge. Otherwise, in addition to wasting the operating costs of air conditioning, it will burn people more seriously.
▽安装边廊屋顶，檩条同时可以施工地面。Install the roof of the side porch, and the purlin can also be used to construct the ground.
The start of construction of the ground means that it is not far from completion. Rural areas are much more humid than urban areas. Even if you don’t do a central air conditioning system, it is recommended that the ground must be made of moisture-proof insulation layer. If central air conditioning or heating is considered, the moisture-proof insulation ground structure is close to 10 layers, and the thickness of the structure is close to 180 mm. According to our observation, there are very few homestays in rural areas that have reasonable ground structure. Many homestays, in the base layer directly paved bluestone slabs as a surface layer, at night the room moisture is much higher than the outdoor ventilation place, living body feeling is too poor. If you don’t do central air conditioning, and you also want to do less construction to save construction costs, then the best way to construct is the way used for thousands of years in rural areas: triad soil compaction. If you choose to do modern technology on the ground, it is highly recommended to use moisture-proof insulation floor.
▽封玻璃，封门窗，做隔墙，做维护。Seal glass, seal doors and windows, do partition walls, do maintenance.
If you consider doing central air conditioning, doors and windows must use insulating glass doors and windows that can be sealed with broken bridges. Generally speaking, for buildings with large-area glass surfaces or large-area doors and windows like laboratories, the monthly energy consumption cost of using central air conditioning is about 600 yuan / 100 square meters for buildings that have been maintained by insulating glass of closed broken bridges, and about 1500 yuan / 100 square meters.
▽安装铝镁锰金属夹芯保温板屋面，厚度120。Install aluminum magnesium manganese metal sandwich insulation board roof, thickness 120.
关于“如何在乡村给自己建座房子？”的其他知识点 On “How do you build yourself a house in the countryside?” Other knowledge points
1.About the cost. The fact that building a house in the countryside is cheap is a conditional fact and a widely misinterpreted rumor. The correct understanding of the cost should be: building a house in the countryside can be cheap or expensive. First of all, everyone’s intention to build a cheaper cost is because we see that many villagers have a very low unilateral cost of building houses. But this reserve price is set conditionally. Most of the cost calculated by villagers to build houses is only the price of materials, while labor costs are dissolved in the special social structure of the countryside, one family building a house, one village helping. Secondly, in the countryside to build a house, the cost of the level directly comes from the level of equipment required for its function. For example, the difference in cost caused by whether to install central air conditioning. The increase in cost is not only the cost of equipment purchase and installation, but more importantly, the construction measures required to match these equipment. As mentioned earlier, if air conditioning is not installed, the best way to construct the ground is a layer of compacted triad, but the installation of air conditioning, the structural layer of the ground can reach ten floors, the corresponding roof, glass doors and windows, etc., the cost difference can reach three to four times. So the key is not where to build the house, but the required features and the construction method it matches.
2. On how to save costs. In our rural construction practice, we will see gratifying changes in concepts. From the time when design was not valuable, most people are now willing to pay design fees. But we also see a common misconception that many people think that design is valuable (because the era of the value economy has arrived), so they start construction with the design plan text (because rural construction does not need to apply for construction review, but also because it is necessary to save the cost of construction drawing design). But I don’t know that the plan is responsible for the appearance, the construction drawings not only ensure the implementation of the appearance, but also (more importantly) responsible for reliable cost savings, but also (most importantly) to ensure the safety of the house. Take the architecture/art innovation lab project as an example, because the foundation modification time is too tight, without reasonable structural calculations, it will cost 20,000 yuan more. An excellent construction drawing can coordinate from all aspects of structure, water and electricity, and equipment, shorten the construction period, and save construction costs. At the same time, precisely because rural construction does not need to submit construction drawings for review, the construction drawing link has become the only basis for ensuring safety. We once saw a seven-meter-high brick single-storey house at a rural construction site, without any structural ring beams, the main steel bar of the four corners of the structural column is four round steel with a diameter of 6mm, and the stirrups are actually wire! Chill!
The ” INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART ” was built in Qiongyao Relic Park, a national relic site. From the Han Dynasty, thousands skilled craftsmen gathered here making pottery until the end of the Qing Dynasty. Fourteen kiln sites left behind the history, covered with towering trees, among which people found ceramic fragments of thousand years, proving the engravings of intelligence and labor. Since Qiongyao was a folk kiln, pottery and farming were closely linked in the history of development, shaping special form of geomorphology: the kiln sites were scattered and inserted in the layout of the farm and yards – the trinity of production – Life – farming. The social structure and the spatial geomorphology enhanced each other’s being. One of those yards, now, became the site of the INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART.
It came from history and now will be injected with new concepts at this moment.
▽遗址公园 location in the relic park
▽设计模型对遗址中建筑的想象。Design modeling: an imagination to the building in relics
夯土：作为社会关系的载体 Rammed Earth：as social relation
“INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART”will employ a technique that has also developed in history but has begun to sleep: rammed earth. Again, the project hopes to give meaning to the art of the art through its own experiments of construction. For example, it can be used for seismic octave fortification areas; Can again be used as a structural system of space and not just a visual decoration; It can be re-degraded into the land after its end of life, rather than becoming construction waste; By hand construction it is thus possible to continue to circulate in the “pre-modern” reality of the countryside, rather than withdrawing it from rural life. Therefore, the meaning of the era is both the technical meaning of this era and the meaning of the social relations of this era.
▽夯土墙Rammed earth wall
前现代乡村和现代体感： 结构级断桥幕墙 & 集成防水保温屋面
A Modern Sense with the Pre-Modern Reality: Structural Broken Bridge & Integrated Roof
▽施工中的实验室公共空间 Laboratory public space under construction
保温防水集成屋面：选择纳米板作为型材，将岩棉保温层和防 水层集成压制，工厂生产后安装于结构檩条上。这种集成屋面是相同热工性能的市场产品造价的 1/3。
Central air conditioning and hot water circulation system are installed in the building, which gives the building a modern sense. The construction grade of maintenance system needs matching equipment. Considering the reality of rural construction, I redesigned the curtain wall of broken bridge and the roof integrated with insulation and waterproof. Curtain wall of structural broken bridge: Curtain wall adopts steel frame, and broken bridge is set at structural level. Each steel column consists of two profiles filled with insulation material. Hollow glass as a maintenance system is directly installed. Outdoor and indoor are completely isolated. With the reduction of section size, manual welding are possible. The facade obtains a vision of equal width.
Insulation and waterproof integrated roof: nano-plate is selected as profile material, rock wool insulation layer and waterproof layer are integrated pressed, and installed on purlin after factory production. This kind of integrated roof is one third of the cost of market products with the same thermal performance.
▽结构级断桥 Structural level broken bridge
照明：作为一种结构形式 Lighting: as a Form of Structure
这个建筑的建造逻辑清晰到具有排他性，以至于在建筑建造结 束后找不到安装灯具的合适位置。于是，我们用制造结构的方式构造了一 个灯光的空间装置。所有杆件只受拉或者受压，在这些结构杆件上安装上 半透明亚克力管和线性的光源。光对空间进行了三维的切割。
Frankly, the building’s construction logic is so clear and exclusive that it can’t find the right place to install lights after construction completed. Therefore, we create a lighting installation by means of manufacturing structure. All member bars are merely tensioned or compressed, and semi-transparent acrylic tubes are installed on these structural members with linear light sources. Light cuts the space in three dimensions.
Artist Li Honghong was involved in the design and construction of the installation and provided technical support.
▽灯光装置 Lighting device
实验的空间运营 Space Operation as Experiment
The whole building includes a conceptual teahouse for public activities salon, the residence of architects and artists, and CLAB’s studio. The space is made up of several rammed earth’s cylinder and half cylinder structure. The cylinders itself are residence spaces as they are relatively private, and the between those cylinders is the flowing public area and studios. The work scene of artists or architects is a landscape that the space can provide to the public, which may be the best response and inheritance to the intellect, labor, and creation of a thousand years of craftsmen. As the main public space, a conceptual teahouse tries to practice new agriculture that can be rooted in the rural area. Architects of CLAB cooperate with a creative agriculture people who has been engaging in tea making, working together to run the concept teahouse, hoping to give new experience and meaning to Chinese traditional tea drinking.
▽驻留空间 Resident space
新遗址 a New Relic
Outside the building are two rammed earth parapets. At the waist of the parapet is a concrete desk, which protects the foundation of the parapets from rain. The other side of the parapet will be exposed to natural sunlight and rain. The earth parapet will slowly decay over time and return to the earth.
This process may last for decades: a modern relic is made up.
Trees in the park are over the sky, where everything is from history and will enter history.
▽合造社邛崃工作室以及对面的窑包 The Qionglai Studio of the Hezo Society and the kiln bags on the opposite side
▽建造中，建筑师谢英俊在工地中分享了他的乡建实践讲座 During the construction, architect Xie Yingjun shared his lecture on rural construction practice at the construction site
屋面 the material of roof
Google map 定位：http://email@example.com,103.4471107,57m/data=!3m1!1e3
Project Name：INNOVATIVE LAB of ARCHITECTURE & ART
WeChat Official Account: 合造社CLAB
Project Contact e-mail: 281726654 @qq.com
Media Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Project Year: 2018.05
Location：Qiongyao Relic Park, Chengdu City, Sichuan province, China
Architects in Charge: XU Lang
Design Team: XU Lang, CHEN Dongxu, WANG He (CLAB).
Rammed Earth Technical Support：WAN Li / CHI Xinan (The Chinese University of HongKong)
Architectural Structure: RAN Jintao
Architecture Modelling: WU Hao, YANG Jingchao
Installation artist：LI Honghong
Construction Manager: XU Gang
Investor: CLAB + Wuyou Conceptual Teahouse
Photo Credits: CLAB
Program: Conuntry Architecture
Building materia:Rammed earth、steel、concrete
更多 Read more about: 合造社建筑设计事务所