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Wowhaus:Krasnogvardeisky池塘公园是Krasnaya Presnya公园主区域的一个历史延续,基于广泛的社会和城市研究,将两个公园整合为单一系统是区域综合发展计划的体现。设计尽可能地保留池塘公园的现有结构和景观,满足舒适型家庭所需,并创造活跃的娱乐空间。

Wowhaus: Krasnogvardeisky ponds are a historical continuation of the main territory of the Krasnaya Presnya Park. Merging these two parks into a single system led to an integrated development programme based on a broad social and urban research. Preserving the existing structure and landscape of the Krasnogvardeisky ponds parks as much as possible, required for a comfortable family type and active recreation space to be created.

 

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Alexey Naroditsky

 

KB23进行的一项社会学研究为项目设计概念奠定了基础。由于场地一开始被视为一个僻静的内院,该研究则是基于附近居民们的反馈,指导设计师准确地平衡公园的娱乐功能和形式。通过保留公园的现有结构并辅以新的基础设施和休闲娱乐形式,以此强调个性化的休闲区,提高城市和建筑设计的质量及其舒适性、安全性。

KB23 conducted a sociological research which formed the basis for the concept. The research made it possible to accurately balance the recreational functions and format based on feedback by the residents of nearby buildings as the site is first and foremost perceived as a secluded inner courtyard. By preserving the existing structure of the park and complementing it with new infrastructure and recreational format it was possible to emphasize the individual character of the recreational zone and increase the quality of urban and architectural design as well as comfort and safety.

 

▼舒适、安全、宁静的公园 Comfortable, safe and quiet park

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

Krasnogvardeisky池塘公园从北向南延伸,串联起三个相互连接的池塘。这些池塘形成于十八世纪初,是加加林王子庄园群的一部分。随着二十世纪五十年代后期林荫大道的发展,这片土地便有了如今的形式。Wowhaus利用通用导航、设计标识、为新对象和基础设施制定新规范,为Krasnogvardeisky池塘园区及其与Krasnaya Presnya公园自然连接的部分打造了崭新的面貌。

The territory of the Krasnogvardeisky ponds is stretched from the Zvenigotodsky highway on the north to the 1st Krasnogvardeisky driveway on the south and includes a cascade of three interconnected ponds. The ponds were formed back in the early XVIII century as a part of the princes Gagarin Studenets estate park ensemble. The territory acquired its present form in the late 50s of the XX century during the development of the boulevard. Wowhaus created a development project for the Krasnogvardeisky ponds territory and their natural integration with the Krasnaya Presnya Park using a general navigation, design identity, design codes for new objects and infrastructure.

 

▼公园串联池塘 The territory of the park includes a cascade of three interconnected ponds

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

轻质网格元素的使用是园区内高架结构的共同特征,由红色、无烟煤色和天然木色组成统一的配色方案,并注重对附属景观的美化。现有的绿植中增加了多年生植物,旨在凸显Krasnogvardeisky池塘园区的自然景致,同时通过种植精心挑选的各类灌木和植物,来补足植物垂直群落空缺的中间层。

All objects incorporate a common design of soaring structures with lightweight grid elements, the colour scheme is also unified and consists of red, anthracite-coloured and the colour of natural wood. Particular attention was paid to the additional landscaping of the territory. Perennial plants were added to the existing fabric of greenery designed to emphasize the natural beauty of the Krasnogvardeisky ponds and also create a missing middle tier consisting of various shrubs and plants specially selected for this area.

 

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

根据公园的历史结构和总体设计、住宅建筑和重要城市元素的接近度,场地可以分为五个部分,每个部分都各具特色,依据特定的主导功能开展设计。同时,场地和绿化在总体设计上的把控使园内所有元素都保有整体感知度。

Following the historical structure of the park and the overall design, the proximity of residential buildings and important urban elements the site can be divided into five fragments each of which has its own character and is designed taking into account a specific dominant function. At the same time, the holistic perception of all the elements is preserved thanks to the general design of objects and greenery.

 

▼功能区平面 Functional Zones

© Wowhaus

 

第一部分——从Zvenigorodsky公路到上池区,“家庭运动和教育公园”便坐落于此

这一部分的公园结构是最为“野性”的,有一种森林般的感觉。通过保有必要的区域和对象来保持空间的“自然”特征,此区域的植物在选择上更多地考虑了自然的特性。

Fragment 1 – from the Zvenigorodsky highway to the upper pond a ‘family sports and educational park’ is located.

The structure of this part of the park is the most ‘wild’ and has a forest-like feel. The task of the project was to preserve this feeling of a ‘natural’ character of the space by including the necessary areas and objects. The plants for this fragment are selected given the natural character of the greenery.

 

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

该部分特别需要留意的是Zvenigorodsky公路一侧的入口区,将注意力集中引导在公园及其新设计上非常重要,因此,建筑师在入口处设计了一个综合体,它与场地的新围栏相结合,由两个轻型结构的凉棚亭组成。

Special attention in this fragment was paid to the entrance zone from the side of Zvenigorodsky highway. It was important to focus the attention on the park and its new design, therefore, the architects designed an entrance group complex integrated into the new fencing of the territory and consisting of two pavilions with a light structural pergola.

 

▼轻质网格元素的使用 Lightweight grid elements

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

▼主入口效果图 Main Entrance

© Wowhaus

 

该区的概念也基于“秘密花园”——一条有设施、场地和观景平台的步行路线,沿途包括街头健身设施、健身区、乒乓球场、瑜伽馆以及有树屋和高空绳索的原始儿童游乐场。

The concept of this part of the Krasnogvardeisky ponds is also based around the idea of a ‘secret garden’ – a walking route with objects and observation platforms situated along it. Street exercise equipment, workout areas, table tennis, a yoga pavilion, and also an original children’s playground with treehouses and high-rope courses are located here.

 

▼原始儿童游乐场 Original children’s playground

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

▼活动区夜景 Night view of activity space

© Alexey Naroditsky
© Alexey Naroditsky
© Alexey Naroditsky

 

▼乒乓球台 Table tennis

© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

第二部分——上池区——“野生”或冥想池。池塘岸边有一个带种植池的多层平台,水面上还设有鸭舍。

Fragment 2 – upper pond – ‘wild’ or contemplative pond. A multi-level deck with planters was created on the pond bank, and duck houses were installed on the water.

 

▼水面上设有鸭舍 Duck houses were installed on the water

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

第三部分——从上池区到中池区——位于池塘之间的中央部分继承了经典常规公园的设计方式。形状各异的带棋牌亭的平台位于中轴线上,两侧设有长凳,与花坛景观有机地融为一体。另外,路网的历史结构也被保留了下来。现有的地标——一座对附近居民有重要意义的十月纪念碑,它被重新安置到一个与其体量最相符的平台上,也更加靠近上池区。搬迁纪念碑空置出的场地上,将建一个带有圆形剧场和舞池的小型咖啡馆。

Fragment 3 – from the upper pond to the middle pond – the central part situated between the ponds carries the traditional design of classical regular parks. Various-shaped platforms with chess pavilions are situated on the axis of the central alley and are organically integrated into the landscape among the flower beds with benches situated on the sides. The historical structure of the path and route network is preserved. The existing local landmark – a monument to October Days which bears a strong significance for all the residents of the neighbourhood is relocated to a platform which best matches its scale and sits closer to the upper pond. A small cafe with an amphitheatre and a dance floor will be built in its place.

 

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Alexey Naroditsky
© Dmitry Chebanenko

 

▼棋牌亭 Chess Pavilion

© Wowhaus

 

▼咖啡馆 A Small Cafe

© Wowhaus

 

第四部分(中池区)——“浪漫池塘”。长廊不断延续,水面上可见凉亭、亲水平台和沿着池塘布置的装饰性球形灯。

Fragment 4 (middle pond) – ‘romantic pond’. A logical continuation of the promenade zone with the gazebos above water, the deck and the decorative sphere-shaped lighting along the slopes of the pond and the water surface.

 

▼中池区剖面 Middle Pond

© Wowhaus

 

© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Alexey Naroditsky

 

第五部分包含了较低的池塘,由于其位于Shmitovsky车道的另一侧,这使得它与整体的融合有些复杂。我们准备化劣势为优势,将所有喧闹的体育运动和娱乐功能集中在远离住宅楼的地方。除了划船租赁点和一个小型咖啡馆外,池塘上方还将建造一个漂浮舞台,用于开展夏季音乐会和节庆活动,其对面150座圆形剧场成为公园的名片,附近的岸边配备了大型的日光浴甲板。

Fragment 5 incorporates the lower pond and is situated on the other side of the Shmitovsky driveway which somewhat complicates its integration into the general ensemble. We proposed to turn the disadvantage into an advantage and centre all the loud sports and entertainment functions here, on a site which is situated at a maximum distance from residential buildings. In addition to the paddle-boat rental and a small cafe, a floating stage will be built right above the pond for summer concerts and festivals with an amphitheatre for 150 seats situated opposite – the visiting card of the park. The nearby bank is equipped with a big sun-bed deck.

 

© Alexey Naroditsky
© Dmitry Chebanenko
© Alexey Naroditsky
© Alexey Naroditsky
© Alexey Naroditsky

 

 

 

地址:莫斯科Krasnogvardeisky大道
客户:莫斯科Krasnaya Presnya公园国家文化自治机构
工作室领导人:Dmitry Likin 和 Oleg Shapiro
建筑师:首席建筑师 Daria Melnik; 建筑师 Victoria Kudryavtseva, Maria Gulida, Anna Rodionova, Maria Panova, Bella Filatova
总体规划师:Nina Smirnova, with the participation of Alexandra Nikulnikova
项目总工:Dmitry Belostotsky

总面积:83 512.5 平方米
水体面积:25 066 平方米
绿地面积:39 348.24 平方米
建筑面积:1 318.8 平方米

设计周期:2015-2016
施工周期:2016-2017

奖项:
2018 Archiwood大奖 城市设计人气奖

Address: Moscow, Krasnogvardeisky boulevard, 1A
Client: State Autonomous Institution of Culture of Moscow Krasnaya Presnya Park
Studio directors: Dmitry Likin and Oleg Shapiro
Architects: lead architect Daria Melnik; architects: Victoria Kudryavtseva, Maria Gulida, Anna Rodionova, Maria Panova, Bella Filatova
Specialist of the Master Plan section: Nina Smirnova, with the participation of Alexandra Nikulnikova
Chief project engineer: Dmitry Belostotsky

Total area: 83 512.5 sq.m.
Area of water bodies: 25 066 sq.m.
Green area: 39 348.24 sq. m.
Building area: 1 318.8 sq.m

Project: 2015-2016
Construction: 2016-2017

Awards:
Archiwood Award 2018 for Urban Design according to popular vote

 

更多 Read more about: Wowhaus

 


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