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gad· line+ Studio：莫干溪谷项目位于浙江省湖州市德清县境内，坐落在莫干山东麓，列数中国四大避暑胜地之一， 修竹满目，幽篁遍山。设计场地傍山而栖，远离喧嚣，保有江南古朴的村落布局，富于人文历史。项目场地坐落在稻花谷的古村民宿区中，由竹景和耕地所环绕，自上而下，拥有独特的稻田肌理和幽长的山谷视廊。尽管场地依旧蕴藏着可观的环境与经济潜力，沿山坡仅仅零散地分布着几处小房子，衰老的中国乡村逐渐失去年轻血液。
gad· line+ Studio：The Mogan Valley project is located in Deqing County, Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, situated at the eastern foot of Mogan Mountain, which is one of the most famous summer resorts in China. The design site is close to the mountain and far away from the noise, retaining the ancient village layout of the area south of the Yangtze River, which represents huge historical value.The project site is located in the ancient village residential area, surrounded by bamboo forest and cultivated land. The site has unique rice field texture and view corridor of valley. Although it still contains considerable environmental and economic potential, there are only a few small houses scattered along the hillside. The aging Chinese countryside gradually loses its young blood.
▼项目地莫干山野 Mogan valley
“Mogan Valley is not only a sloping field, but also a new module.We want to respond to the rustic countryside from a modern perspective, using artistic means and challenging language of landscape.”
An ideal village should be able to hear the call of wild birds and the breath of trees.In the quiet water, clear breeze and warm sunshine, people’s body and mind are integrated into the nature.Therefore, the design intends to build new channel enrich of mutual communication between human and nature by using landscape language to increase the ecological value, enhance the external attraction and make the ancient village glow with new vitality.
The theme of the project is inspiring by “Stray Birds”, which discusses the internal relationship between human and nature. How to reversely eliminate the traces of the separation of modern life and nature in the process of rural modernization has become the theme of this project.
▼飞鸟集诗句 verses of “Stray Birds”
The design attempts to solve the problem by combining the poetic literary into the landscape language. It not only can deeply depict the vast natural world, but also enrich the interaction of functions and environment, which awakens people’s love for the Mogan Mountain.On the first floor of the viewing platform, the designer sets up an independent circular pool that is paved with lake stones. There is no flowing water in and out. The reflection breaks the boundary between the sky and the land, extending the boundary of the site to all visible spaces. In the meanwhile, it immerses people in the landscape and emphasizes the experience of the meditation as if human and nature are integrated with each other.
▼水池呈现建筑室内倒影 Indoor reflection on the pool
Wood platform is the transition from architecture to soft landscape. The boundary of wood has visual connection with both architecture and plants, which produces concise and powerful guidance.
▼室内可观赏木平台与阶梯景观 indoor view
保留乡村质感 keep rural characteristic
Local materials like old wall stones, rubbles and local wood are used for construction, which retains the unique texture and temperature of the village.The designer participated in the process of stone laying and got inspiration from the construction mode, building a unique grid structure with the combination of the modern aesthetic. On this basis.
▼材质细节 material detail
▼嵌有《飞鸟集》文字的景墙 landscape wall with verses
▼木平台与阶梯边界 Wooden platform and ladder boundary
The entrance of the site is a path surrounded by two bamboo fences, surrounded by bamboo forest. Feeling the quite atmosphere, it seems you are walking on the path of returning home in the countryside.
▼入口竹径 entrance path
定格自然动态 freeze natural dynamic
The Mogan Valley has large areas of paddy fields, full of the customs of countryside that abounds in rice.The design is inspired by the unique scenery of egret flying over the ridge of the field. It reanimates the moment by sculpture form.
▼设计师参与安置过程 The designer participates in the placement process
A group of “birds” suddenly soared in the swaying grass and trees, bringing audience’s vision and reverie to the distance. When they regained composure, the distant landscape had been integrated into the scene. There were also yearnings for countryside paradise in their hearts.
▼最终呈现的雕塑犹如群鸟飞过田埂 Birds flying over the fields
▼飞鸟雕塑视频 Bird sculpture video
It can be predicted from the contemporary trend that the future of the village is a new type of city, while people gradually tending to the rural lifestyle. How to keep the rural characteristic of countryside while making it meet the requirements of urbanization for landscape space is one of the issues discussed in this project. The design integrates the geometric form into the ecological thinking to revitalize the Mogan Valley, in the form of steps from southeast to northwest and down the hillside.
▼场地推演 Site deduction
Starting from the hill terrain, the steps consider the level and edge and increase various directions to create small space that are corresponding with each other. There are semi enclosed space and open space, covering a multi-level vision from top to bottom. The upper layer forms an inward space to encourage mutual communication, while open spaces in the lower layer guiding the vision of tourists to enjoy the rice field scenery, thus providing a variety of dynamic experiences on the hillside.
▼阶梯形态 Ladder form
The vitality of the countryside lies in the fields and gardens, in the process of natural evolution. Based on the original terrain, the designer integrates the landscape into the surrounding natural environment by dredging the trend and complying with the texture.
▼稻田与远山被纳入视野 Rice fields and distant mountains are brought into view
The stepped lawn provides open space to make people feel the close relationship among sunshine, flowers and plants, and paddy landscape, feeling like returning to the essence of life.
▼草坪视野宽阔 Wide view of lawn
In terms of material selection, impermeable materials such as granite are not be selected, but locally obtained stone and wood are largely chosen to retain the unique texture of the site, while ensuring the availability and sustainability of the project.At the same time, the surrounding natural landscape with lush vegetation is also incorporated into the site space to create a poetic atmosphere. Looking out from the platform or homestay, there is a unique countryside landscape with rice fields and birds.
▼民宿视野 View the home stay facility
潜在农业可能性 agricultural potential
The planting space provides a module that is consistent with the local planting mode that creates the possibility of rotation cultivation by imitating the tea garden and the tourist plantation. It can be achieved by rotation cultivation between the perennial herbs and the local crops, such as yellow-bud tea and Hemerocallis, which can realize the sustainable planting and the external economic benefits beyond the decoration function.
▼自主农业 Independent agriculture
可持续种植 Sustainable planting
In the planting plan, foreign perennial herbs are introduced, species adapted to local soil and water are strictly selected, the list of plants in Mogan Valley is enriched, and a modern rural atmosphere is built. Through the combination of many types of plants, flower beds provide a variety of colors and textures. From spring to winter, the scenery is not monotonous.
▼种植布局 planting distribution
▼植物列表 List of plants
The introduced plants have the significance of optimizing the site, improving the ecological cycle as well as having high ornamental value. It can consolidate the soil and protect the slope, purify the water quality and form a simple and comfortable spatial sequence by planting tall perennial grass like Stipa tenuiflora, Pennisetum and pampasgrass and decorating the border with colorful plants such as Veronica and Astilbe chinensis.
▼层次清晰的植物配置 plants with clear layers
▼建筑坐落在花草后 the building is suited behind the flowers
固土导水 soil reinforcement and water diversion
The ladder-structure modifies the original slope of the hillside, using multi-stage retaining wall to stabilize the hillside and reduce the water and soil loss caused by construction. What’s more, drainage channels are set at the bottom of the retaining wall to guide the surface runoff, offsetting the damage caused by the construction on the hillside to a certain extent and protect the local ecological environment.
▼绿色基础设施 Green infrastructure
Ladder-structure also increases the infiltration time of rainwater, which is conducive to rainwater collection. The rainwater infiltrates into the green space firstly, replenishing the soil water consumption and then flows into the drainage pipeline after being preliminarily purified by the vegetation. The surplus rainwater is collected into the reservoir and recycled for the green space irrigation.
▼雨水循环利用 Rainwater recycling
▼雨水通过阶梯和草坪坡度被收集 rainwater is collected through steps and lawn slopes
The project uses aesthetic language and ecological thinking to create a space integrating ecology, space and farming culture, providing various functions such as viewing, resting and planting, and creating an unexpected space for residents and tourists. Residents are the driving force of the countryside; tourists are the fresh blood of the site, integrating the land. Their unexpected encounter on the site also represents the collision and continuation of rural culture, laying a new road for urban residents to return to rural paradise.
▼场地四季多元的活动功能植入 multi functions in seasons
Under the social background of the acceleration of rural urbanization in China, most of the rural landscapes are filled with granite and other hard materials, losing the unique texture and context of the countryside. The Mogan Valley follows the characteristic of the site and weakens the design itself, using the simplest design language to tighten the relationship between human and nature.
Behind the overall plan, the designer has controlled over the redundant design desire to bring people the overwhelming feeling of merging with nature with concise and clear design language.
项目名称：远野 · 莫干书舍
设计单位 ： gad · line+ studio
Project name: LONG VIEW BOOK STORE
Location: Mogan Valley, Deqing County, Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, China
Landscape design: gad · line+ studio
Design director: Fanhao Meng
Lead designer: Shangyang Li
Design team: Jianbo Jin, Xiaomei Chi, Chenjuan Su, Chen Chen, Ying Zheng
Project year: 2018
Client: Sunac Southeast Regional Group
Photography: Jianzhi Photography , line+ photography
Contact email: email@example.com
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