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Thanks Atelier cnS for authorizing the publication of the project on mooool, Text description and images provided by Atelier cnS.
Atelier cnS：Located in the center of Shiqiao sub-district of Panyu, Xianfeng Community has been the political and commercial center of Panyu since ancient times and is the epitome of Panyu’s history and culture for over a thousand years. Xianfeng Community has prominent clan settlement culture and rich industrial and commercial trade cultural relics. Since the 21st century, Panyu District has been actively integrated into the development of the main urban area of Guangzhou, forming an economic, educational and residential agglomeration to the north, which has led to the shift of the urban center of Panyu to the north, and the function and space of the city bridge has gradually declined, becoming a depression for the urban development of Panyu. The old glory is no longer.
Under the background of China’s comprehensive promotion of the renovation of old urban communities, this project is launched to preserve the history and culture of the sub-district and reproduce its collective memories, and explore new paths and new methods of micro-renovation that are different from the general practice.
▽先锋社区位置及历史时间轴, Location and Timeline
▽项目鸟瞰, Aerial View
01 多时代建筑风貌保护利用 Protection and utilization of Architectural styles in different eras
The community has preserved many architectural complexes which can be dated back to the Qing Dynasty or modern times, including buildings with wok-ear gables walls, Oyster shell wall, folk houses in the Qing Dynasty, red brick houses in the 1950s and 1960s, pitched roof buildings, modern public, private houses, collective residential buildings, etc. These buildings have small, dense and compact ancient lanes full of Lingnan style and exquisite reliefs, which form a sharp contrast with the street scale of the new urban area.
▽多时代建筑风貌, Multiple Periods of Architectural Style
▽传统镬耳房, Traditional Wok Ear House
▽传统建筑立面, Traditional Facade
In terms of planning, the project highly respects the original street style and retains every traditional street. Extract elements such as traditional blue bricks from the block to form a harmonious and unified architectural image of the block. Subdivide the facade scale, change the extensive facade style of the original modern buildings, and form a continuous and unified historical style block.
The project has protected and repaired some residential buildings with Lingnan characteristics on the site, and demolished or renovated the surrounding buildings in addition to the illegal ones, thus reproducing the integrity and continuity of the historical space.
▽对旧建筑的立地保护, Protection of Old Buildings
▽立面修复, Facade repair
▽装置艺术, Installation Art
▽砖墙细节, Brick details
The interface of the northern part of the community originally facing the external space is too negative because of the old red brick and enclosure. By removing the wall blocking the building, the building will be opened to the Huancheng West Road, making it easy for people to get around. We will also change the original characteristic brickwork form of Xianfeng to make the red brick building more attractive.
▽环城西路沿街面改造前, Before the renovation of the west Ring Road
▽环城西路沿街面, Along the street of Huancheng West Road
▽环城西路沿街面, Along the street of Huancheng West Road
▽夜景-环城西路沿街面, Night view – Ring West Road along the street
02 集体情感为纽带，民众共同缔造 Public Participation with the collective emotion as the link
As the old center of Shiqiao, Xianfeng Community has attracted the attention of the people, experts and enterprises inside and outside the community since its transformation. People actively plan the ways and methods of participating in the transformation.
During the transformation process, residents actively participated in the co-creation activities organized by the community, and put forward suggestions for improving the quality of the community environment and the level of public service from the aspects of community transportation, public service, open space, lighting, tourist signs, cultural display, etc.
Some private house owners in the community are also carrying out independent renovation of their houses according to the planning and design guidelines. For the private property houses in the community that have been out of repair for a long time and lost their functions, the design has developed a special reinforcement plan with the attitude of protection and respect. In the process of transformation, residents have a strong sense of community identity, belonging, acquisition and happiness.
▽入口改造前, Before entrance renovation
▽入口改造后, After entrance renovation
▽街巷内部改造前, Before the transformation of the interior of the street
▽五六十年代的红砖房, Red brick houses in the 1950s -1960s
▽街巷内部修复前, Before the interior of the street was restored
▽街巷内部修复后, After repairing the interior of the street
▽夜景, Night Scene
03 “记忆——空间——功能”融合体系 Integrated System of “Memory–Space–Functions”
Architectural styles of different eras serve as the catalyst in creatively proposing an integrated system of “memory – space – functions”. Based on the oral history of local residents, the planning integrates the cultural stories, residents’ memories and featured business formats into buildings of various eras. With four memory zones, five memory paths, as well as eight elaborately designed key memory nodes and 34 state-owned houses, the planning reproduces integral and continuous historical spaces, making the local residents’ memories an organic part of the authentic spaces and featured business formats, and offering an experience of place where time and space become a seamless whole.
▽创新与特色, Innovation and Characterstics
▽时空一体的规划结构, Planning Structure of Time and Space Combination
The old Xianfeng Primary School is located in the center of the community and belongs to the cross-era intersection central area. It is the location of the community residential committee, and also the leisure center for residents. It records the collective memories of Xianfeng Community from ancient times to the present, and it is an intersection of memories in time and space. However, the public open space within the community is small, the function is single, and the sports facilities are insufficient. The design hopes to open and display-oriented public service functions are implanted to extend the memory of place.
▽社区居民, Community residents
▽社区广场, Community Square
▽孩童在社区广场玩耍, Children playing in the community square
▽明清民居-姑婆屋, Ming and Qing dwellings – aunt’s house
▽社区组团中的居民生活, Residents’ life
The design opens the pattern of the original building, and embeds the large public space into the space frame of the original Xianfeng Primary School through structural reinforcement, floor cutting and other related technologies. The original scattered building blocks are connected in series, and the openness and attractiveness of the space are improved under the condition of convenient access of Kaifeng overhead floor. At the same time, the extracted traditional architectural forms are injected into the design of community service clusters, so that residents can feel the traditional style of old Panyu when they contact these community service clusters.
▽改造后, After Reconstruction
▽先锋小学改造后, After Reconstruction
In order to show the cultural history of Xianfeng and Panyu, the project will wrap the museum group in a large white box to highlight the uniqueness of historical culture in this building site. The two display surfaces at the corner are inlaid in the window opening with curved
perforated aluminum sheet. In these different forms of curved perforated aluminum sheet, the treasures of Xianfeng and Panyu culture and history are displayed. This white box with a unique window is called “Window of Shiqiao”.
▽市桥之窗, Window of Shiqiao
落地变化 Implementation effect：
As result of the increasingly improved community environment, cultural creative industries have been spontaneously fostered in recent one year, which has attracted former Panyu residents to move back and artists and start-ups to move in. The mechanism to integrate historical memory, historical space and industrial development has started to generate positive results.
Project name: Micro Transformation of Guangzhou Pioneer Community
Year completed: 2022
Project area: 8710 square meters
Project location: Shiqiao Street, Panyu District, Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province
Design Company: Guangzhou Urban Planning & Atelier cnS
Company website: http://www.ateliercns.com/
Chief designers: Song Gang, Zhong Zhanning, Yu Haoshen, Guo Meng
Planning and design team: Liu Jie, Yu Qianwen, Yu Haoshen, Tu Wen, Yang Yiheng, Zhao Yijing, Huang Yawen
Architectural design team: Song Gang, Zhong Zhanning, Guo Meng, Shi Qian, Chen Yuyuan, Ma Huanyu, Fu Liuyang, Zhou Cantian, Long Weihao, Xie Yongbin, Zhong Yueyu, Yang Linglan, Chen Jiaming, Zhu Yinhao, Hu Yingshi, Liang Jiepeng, Liu Fangdong (internship), Tang Xiaohan (internship), Zhou Linhui (internship)
Client: Shiqiao Sub-District Office, Panyu District People’s Government, Guangzhou City
Photographer: Yang Yiheng
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