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ES-ARCH enricoscaramelliniarchitetto: The Church Square is a large surface covered with porphyry, flanked by the asphalted municipal road and a long sidewalk overlooking the lake. The area around the square is characterised by a series of personal services (Town Hall, Post Office, Medical Service, Church) and in an elevated position we find the sports field, oratory and kindergarten. The concentration of these services determines the continuous presence of cars that, at small intervals, characterises the entire area. Cars are parked on the square, which turns into a level car park. It is evident how this use leads to a univocal perception of the space. The square is perceived and used as a car park. It is an open space with fragile edges and lacking the volumes that normally delimit squares. It is a marginal space. It is a square immersed in the rural territory in which the landscape aspect dominates. The morphological reading of the space allows us to state that the square originates from some deficiencies (volumes and elevations) and determines its uniqueness in the presence of atypical elements (balcony on the lake).
The administration’s need is to restore a lost identity to the place. The square is configured as a place for fast car parking. Pedestrians (residents, tourists) use the square marginally and for them there is no possibility of safe stopping. The fact that there is no parking in the vicinity of the services (Town Hall, Post Office, doctor’s surgery) means that there is a desire to continue using the square with the possibility of fast parking/stopping. This requirement in principle means that all possibilities for combined use between cars and pedestrians must be sought. The square is also occasionally used for parties/weddings/communions and it is therefore necessary to have the possibility to have space where several people can stop at the same time. A further request is to enhance the view towards the lake and the walkway as a belvedere. The budget is limited and co-financed by the Region through a COVID call for tenders. There was no participatory process extended to the community for reasons of time and the imminent funding deadlines.
The design of the square seeks to bring order to a place predominantly used as a car park. By means of a new paving, the project enlarges the scope of the square and introduces some simple elements that help to design the public space. A series of white concrete benches defines the edges. A new fountain reflects the surroundings and allows direct contact with the water. A green pool, between two long benches, is occupied by wild field flowers.
A new place materialises on the edge: a small shelter, like a nest, protects a new terrace, a privileged space to admire the lake landscape. The founding assumption of the ‘widening’ of the square extends the perception of the square, ‘annulling’ the street and widening the pavement towards the church and the Town Hall. The homogeneous colouring of the paving is overlaid with a repeated black pattern that defines a relationship with the black paving of the church. The ‘black stones’ accompany the movement in the square. The balcony towards the lake is reconquered, a new relationship is realised between the horizontal space of the square and the panorama of the lake and its valleys.
The project has unconsciously awakened the community’s sense of belonging to the place. Before it was perceived as a car park, now as a public space. The lack of a built contour makes it a ‘rural square’, surrounded by meadows. The vocation as a space for parking cars has been internalised by the project. Children accompanied to the kindergarten by car, play with the benches and water from the fountain. Tourists (trekkers) linger under the shelter to admire the view. The elderly rest on the benches while waiting for the doctor. It should be emphasised that all these activities have a short duration, fugacious. Small moments that are consumed in the course of the day. When the church celebrates weddings, communions or other occasions, cars leave space for people to occupy the long bench under the jasmine tree for the ritual photos, or in the square they await the exit of the bride and groom. A square on the edge with codified rules and times of use in a tolerable coexistence between pedestrians and cars. The objective of giving an identity and recognisability to the place seems to have been achieved.
▽设计图纸 Design drawings
项目名称：STZ URBAN SQUARE
设计团队：Arch. Daniele Bonetti, Studio BiancoMastai
客户：Comune di Stazzona
图片来源：Marcello Mariana Fotografia
Project Name: STZ URBAN SQUARE
Completion Year: 2021
Project Location: STAZZONA (CO) ITALIA
Landscape/Architecture Firm: ES-ARCH enricoscaramelliniarchitetto
Contact e-mail: email@example.com
Lead Architects: Enrico Scaramellini
Design Team: Arch. Daniele Bonetti, Studio BiancoMastai
Clients: Comune di Stazzona
Photo Credits: Marcello Mariana Fotografia
Photographer’s Website: marcellomariana.it
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