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Zizu studio: Shenzhen, as a pioneering area for reform and opening up, has developed from a fishing village to an international coastal city with the rapid development of urbanization. The villages are also surrounded by cities and gradually form “urban villages”. Most of these urban villages go to Shenzhen to work hard for development. The first destination of the people, the urban village is an important factor for the rapid development of Shenzhen’s urbanization.
▽ 榕树广场的清晨 Early morning in Old Tree Square
项目背景 Project Background
As an industrial area in Shenzhen, Bao’an District has a large number of migrant workers and high mobility. Urban villages have brought some difficulties to the optimization and improvement of the urban environment. From 2018 to 2020, Bao’an District will fully carry out the creation of “Shuangyi Small Villages” to further Improve the infrastructure and environment of urban villages. Shenzhen is a city where Hakka culture, Cantonese culture, industrial culture, immigrant culture, marine culture and other multicultural cultures coexist. These cultures can be continued and inherited in urban villages. Most of the original residents of Bao’an are Cantonese and Hakka, and the main local language is It is Cantonese and Hakka, and the streets and original villagers still use Cantonese and Hakka. Bao’an currently has 491 urban villages, which can be roughly divided into three types: the first is urban villages: Baozhong area, and urban villages between cities. The second is factory villages: Shajing and Songgang areas, mainly urban villages and village-owned industries. The third is the village in the forest: the Shiyan street area is dominated by mountains and forests, and the village belongs to the industrial area and the urban village is dotted. Zaoxia Village in this project belongs to the type of Bao’an urban village with high population density.
▽城中村人口密度大 The village in the city is densely populated
场地概况 Site Statement
本项目位于深圳宝安区新安街道，宝民社区灶下村，西临宝民一路 ，东临创业二路 ，北临宝豪华庭小区 。灶下村综合治理面积约为 76170 平方米 ，共有 278 栋建筑。
The project is located in Xin’an Street, Bao’an District, Shenzhen, Zaoxia Village, Baomin Community. The comprehensive treatment area of Zaoxia Village is about 76,170 square meters, with a total of 278 buildings.
▽本项目位于深圳宝安区新安街道 The project is located in Xin’an Street, Bao’an District, Shenzhen
Zaoxia Village is located on the edge of Bao’an old city and the new Bao’an central area. After urban development and changes, it has evolved from a typical Lingnan village to a typical Shenzhen urban village surrounded by high-density cities. The original context of the village is slowly cut off, and the local memory gradually disappears. The streets in the village are also gradually aging and the public space is missing, which makes the community lack vitality and participation. The building facades are old and the shop signs on the ground floor are messy. The overall environment of the urban village is relatively cluttered and dilapidated.
▽场地问题 Existed Issues
回归日常的风景 Ordinary Scenery
The diverse population and rich business formats of urban villages reflect the diversity and vitality of the city. In Zaoxia Village, there are old restaurants, sewing shops, laundry shops, grocery stores and hardware stores that have been open for more than 20 years. The most diverse, the most mixed urban life scene in the world.
▽街区建筑立面修缮 Building facade renovation
▽街区铺地修缮Street paving repairs
The landscape upgrading and reconstruction of Zaoxia Village is an environmental improvement that does not change the current population structure, respects the status quo and actively responds to the daily demands of community residents. The famous architectural theorist Jan Gail mentioned in “Humanizing the City”, “We shape the environment, and the environment will reshape us”. Everyday scenery is a sustainable memory. Beautiful daily scenery consists of different groups and different lifestyles. The events that everyone does every day, such as basking in the sun, chatting under the trees, and partnering in park activities, these daily life make our city. Become colorful and vibrant. The design reshapes the boundary, organizes the overall loop, releases the idle space, and respects the local culture to reconstruct the daily scenery of Zaoxia Village.
▽描绘历史“新安县地图”的艺术墙Art wall depicting the historical Xin’an Map
▽土地庙一侧的“宝安村落变迁盒子” Bao’an Village Change Box on the side of the Temple
▽沿街转角村牌 Village sign along the street corner
榕树的新生 Rebirth of Old Tree
There are three big banyan trees next to the south entrance of Zaoxia Village. Each banyan tree is more than 200 years old. They have witnessed the development of the city and the changes of Zaoxia. In the process, these big banyan trees were also surrounded by walls and illegal buildings. The presence of the tree can only be perceived through the high exposed canopy.
▽榕树广场现状 Current Situation of Old Tree Square
▽榕树广场改造 Old Tree Square Renovation
But no matter how far the time goes, in Lingnan villages, it is still a constant habit to enjoy the shade under the big banyan tree. The banyan tree has left many memories for everyone. Banyan tree represents “nostalgia”, representing “home” and “roots”.
▽打开边界的榕树广场成为村内的重要社交场所 The old tree square that opened the border has become an important social place in the village
▽ 面向街道开放 Open to the street
In the design plan, the existing illegal buildings are demolished, the boundary is opened, and the advance and retreat treatment is carried out, so as to maximize the space for sitting, swimming and playing under the banyan tree. Among the homogeneous and dense buildings in the village, this place has become the most precious space for communication and communication. Pocket Park.
▽满足不同群体的社交、等候、玩耍 Meet different groups to socialize, wait, play
▽榕树的新生 Rebirth of old tree
▽广场标识 Old tree square signage
Under the big banyan tree that is closest to the road, is the land temple where the villagers usually worship and worship the gods. The temple before the renovation was built by the villagers spontaneously with iron links and baffles, which is relatively inconvenient to use. After several rounds of communication with residents and the community, a more traditional land temple scheme that residents prefer is determined.
▽榕树广场和伯公庙融合为一体，成为村内均质密布建筑群中的珍贵开放场所 becoming a precious open place among the homogeneous and dense buildings in the village
缝合社区生活的十字街Cross Street Of Community Life
Zaoxia Village, like all urban villages, is dominated by community service-oriented business formats. Relying on the ground floor of self-built houses, a cross street of vegetable market street and community business street is formed. The two blocks have different business formats, and the design preserves the authenticity of the block business. , co-construction and collaboration with merchants, micro-renovation of various storefronts, and maximize the preservation of the fireworks in the block. At the same time, the traffic boundary of the road is established, and the traffic use of people and vehicles is properly balanced, so that the safety and comfort of the block can be improved.
▽街巷改造前后 Before and after renovation
项目面积: 65000 ㎡
代建单位：深圳市建筑科学研究院股份有限公司 设计总包：中国市政工程东北设计研究总院有限公司深圳分院 标识设计：深圳市卓影意创文化传播有限公司 施工单位：深圳泛华工程集团有限公司
Project name: Public Space Renovation of Zaoxia Village, Bao’an, Shenzhen
Project type:Urban redevelopment
Project location:Bao’an, Shenzhen
Landscape Area: 65000 ㎡
Leader designer & Team:Danxia Huang、Ruihua Liang、Mengbi Du、Min Song、Lan Zhou、Tingting Ou、XiaoYan Lu
Construction drawing design：Shenzhen Branch of China Northeast Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Clients:Xin’an Sub-district Office of Shenzhen Bao’an District
Construction Agent:Shenzhen Institute of Building Research Co.,Ltd.
EPC Contractor：Shenzhen Branch of China Northeast Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd.
Logo design: Shenzhen Zhuoying Yichuang Culture Communication Co., Ltd.
Construction unit：Shenzhen Fanhua Engineering Group Co., Ltd.
Marterials:blue bricks、flamed slab、Steel plate
Photo credit: Zizu Studio
审稿编辑 Ashley Jen
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