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Atelier cnS：The Primary School Affiliated to Longjiang Foreign Language School (Wanggang School) is located in Longjiang, Shunde. The school is surrounded by a range of dense villages that are typical and symbolic in the Pearl River Delta. It is adjacent to Sanlian Industrial Park, which is the largest furniture industrial area in Longjiang. There is a strict limitation of land for school expansion and the contradiction between supply and demand on the campus space is very prominent.
为满足学位和办学质量的要求，设计中充分拓展现有校园用地利用空间，提高空间利用率，进而解决学校活动场地不足问题，将办学规模将由扩建前 22 个班增至 42 个班。
In order to meet the growing demands of high-quality education, the renovation manages to fully expand the existing land for campus and improves the space utilization rate as much as possible, so as to ensure sufficient spaces for outdoor activities and to increase the number of the classroom from 22 classes to 42 classes.
▽原校园鸟瞰 Aerial view
▽场地旧貌 Old site appearance
▽改造后鸟瞰日景 Aerial view
▽改造后鸟瞰夜景 Aerial view
▽学校正门 The main gate of the school
突破指标，立体校园 A Multi-dimensional Campus
Due to the limited land resources for horizontal expansion, designers decided to expand campus in vertical direction, which can perfectly satisfy the density index in the Longjiang Control Regulations. By raising the sports field to 4.65m, more flexible spaces are created underneath to provide different functional rooms and spaces for big events. The 300-meter running track on the first floor and the sports field on the second floor, then become spaces that are different but supplement with each other. Moreover, the accessibility to the sports field on the second floor is connected by continuous corridors to improve the circulation. It not only solves the problem of accessibility in between the sports fields, but also offers diversity and convenience on limited spaces.
▽板下分析图 Underboard analysis diagram
▽半室外活动空间 Semi-outdoor activity space
▽文体楼中庭俯瞰 Atrium view
▽文体楼中庭 Recreation and Sports building atrium
流动空间与浮岛校园 ‘Flow Space’ and ‘Floating Island’
The project is located in Shunde, ‘Town of Water’, where the river network is densely surrounded. Inspired by the river network, designers applied the extending and continuous structure to the spaces underneath the sports field, so as to solve the ventilation and lighting problems. The interior spaces are organized and grouped as a series of floating islands, along a corridor that leads all the way to the waterfront. As the main stream, the corridor connects both the ‘Study Island’ and the ‘Activity Island’, and creates a continuous outdoor space like the flowing water.
Moreover, interior spaces are arranged in a specific angle to maximize the exhibition area facing outward, and to create a variety of micro-spaces for students to entertain, such as display walls, painting walls, small podiums, and book corners. The idea of the flow space and the floating island enrich the diversity of spaces underneath the sports field and significantly improve the lighting and ventilation conditions.
▽概念分析 Conceptual analysis
▽生成分析 Generation analysis
▽板下活动室 Underboard room
▽内部架空通廊创造出多义的活动空间 Internal overhead corridors create a multi-faceted activity space
▽运动场下通透的采光为小朋友带来愉悦的活动空间 The transparent lighting under the sports field brings happy activity space for children
▽绘画教室 Painting classroom
▽舞蹈教室 Dance classroom
▽体育馆 & 礼堂 Gymnasium & Auditorium
知识浮岛，图书馆设计 Library: ‘A Floating Island of Knowledge’
The library is built on the underused land in the campus and is supported by tube structures. The first floor is elevated to avoid the disturbance to the 300-meter running track. The tube structures in red not only plays a role of structural elements, but also acts as a circulation space through the whole building. Furthermore, the top-end of the tube naturally forms a skylight, bringing daylight and ventilation to the interior.
With the help of tube structures, the library could be free from the physical performance with being a pure container for reading. By arranging the interior spaces along the framed views, a variety of indoor and semi-indoor spaces are created in a free form, so called ‘A Floating Island of Knowledge’.
▽阅览室剖面 Reading room section
▽夜幕下的阅览室 The reading room at night
▽起连接作用的核心筒内部 The inside of the core tube that acts as a connection
▽核心筒内部 Inner core
▽阅览室室内 Room of reading room
薄纱与花朵：幕墙设计 Curtain Wall: ‘Voile and Flowers’
In the facade design, designers tried to create a translucent skin as light as voile, so as to give people a sense of lightness. Through a series of material comparison and selection, steel cable and aluminum mesh are selected as its good performance on tensile strength and ductility. It not only shows a sense of lightness through appearance, but also ensures the structural stability against the wind. As for the material selection for the atrium in the sports field, the diamond weave pattern of the chain link fence is used to provide powerful and flexible features, so as to fit the shape of structure, showing as a blooming flower on the sports field.
▽学校正门立面细部 Details of the facade of the main entrance to the school
▽文体楼幕墙设计 Curtain wall design of cultural and sports building
▽屋顶球场与运动场的连接 Connection of the roof court to the playing field
▽文体楼幕墙大样 Cultural and sports building curtain wall large
▽文体楼采光中庭构筑物 Cultural and sports buildings light atrium structures
滨河界面，消失的围墙 Disappearing Wall: Interface by the Riverside
Another major feature of Wanggang campus is that one side of the campus is adjacent to the riverside. In recent years, Shunde has made great efforts to improve the water quality of the river and the views to the river are pleasing. Nonetheless, before the renovation, the physical fence around the campus kept the beautiful views away from students. Accordingly, in order to improve the interface by the riverside and to prevent unpredictable changes of tidal streams from the campus, designers create a completely open platform that is close to the water. It not only introduces the sights to river into the campus, but also acts as an invisible and protective wall on the waterfront. This ‘disappearing wall’ then becomes one of the most symbolic characteristics in the campus, and also seems to be a platform and medium for showing verve and vitality.
▽河对岸望向校园 The other side of the river looks towards the campus
▽滨水景观 Waterfront landscape
▽校园界面 Campus interface
Project Name: Renovation of the Primary School Affiliated to Longjiang Foreign Language School (Wanggang Primary School)
Project location: Longjiang Town, Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong
Project Status: Completed
Project scale: Building area 19210㎡
Design Company: Atelier cnS
Main creator Design: Atelier cnS
Presiding Architects: Guanqiu Zhong, ZhiYuan Zhu, Gang Song
Project leader: Hairui Lin
Photographer: Siming Wu
Architectural Design: Atelier cnS Group B:
Wenxuan Huang ,Tiankai Feng , Wenjing Xiao , Hang Zhao , Zixuan Wu (internship), Xiaolin Deng (internship)
Signage Design：Cicada Art: Shifeng Mo, Qiuyi Jian
Construction Drawing：Foshan Chengzhu United Architectural Design Co., Ltd
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