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LANDPROCESS:  在环境日趋恶化的危机中,粮食和水资源的短缺对人类文明造成了巨大威胁。在城市化的进程中未合理分配农业种植区域,曼谷和其他东南亚的城市已沦落为进程中的受害者,曾经拥有丰富粮食来源的农业社会一去不复返。到2050年,世界80%的人口将生活在城市。为了确保全球粮食安全,并优先考虑人类和环境健康,城市必须合理利用废弃的城市空间高效和可持续地生产粮食。

设计师通过再利用236806平方英尺的废弃屋顶,设计了一个亚洲最大的有机屋顶农场 —— 萨玛萨特城市屋顶农场(TURF)来帮助国立法政大学提出并实施了一个解决城市化造成的粮食和水资源短缺问题的方案。并将现代景观建筑与传统水稻梯田的农业创意结合,为校园创造了一个综合循环经济,融合了可持续食品生产、可再生能源、有机废物、水资源管理和所有的公共空间。

LANDPROCESS:  Amidst the climate crisis, food and water scarcity pose tremendous threats to human civilization. Once abundant agrarian societies rich with food sources, Bangkok and cities across Southeast Asia have become victims of unregulated urbanization on rice-producing regions, pushing food sources further away from cities and their consumers. By 2050, 80 percent of the world’s population will live in cities. To ensure global food security, and prioritize human and environmental health, cities must utilize wasted urban spaces to produce food efficiently and sustainably.

Repurposing 236,806 sq. ft. of wasted rooftop space, the landscape architect helped Thammasat University envision and implement a climate solution with Asia’s largest organic rooftop farm—Thammasat Urban Rooftop Farm (TURF). Integrating modern landscape architecture with the agricultural ingenuity of traditional rice terraces, TURF creates an inclusive circular economy for the campus, incorporating sustainable food production, renewable energy, organic waste, water management and public space for all.

 

© LANDPROCESS

▼总平分析图 On top of Thammasat University’s landmark building

 

受东南亚山区的传统农业实践的独创性启发,在TURF的景观设计中设计师将水稻梯田的土方工程与现代绿色屋顶技术相结合。相比传统的混凝土屋顶,经过层叠设计的236,806平方英尺屋顶更能有效减缓多达20倍的雨水径流。

Inspired by the ingenuity of traditional agricultural practices on mountainous terrains across Southeast Asia, TURF’s landscape architect integrated the earthwork of rice terraces with modern green roof technology. The 236,806 sq. ft. cascading rooftop can slow down runoff up to 20 times more efficiently than a conventional concrete rooftop.

 

▼受传统梯田的启发 Inspired by Traditional Rice Terraces

© LANDPROCESS
© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS

 

当雨水沿着斜坡蜿蜒而下时,下一层梯田都会收集上一层的径流,所到之处会形成独特的小分水岭群,帮助吸收、过滤和净化雨水,为校园作物的生长提供水分。最终,雨水会从中间最高层向四周梯级下落流进支路,每个支路上有四个蓄水池,一次加起来可容纳3,095,570加仑的水。这样既显著减少了遗留在场地中的径流量,同时减轻了意外的水灾和旱灾的可能性。他们建议储存在暴风雨期间的过量径流,以备将来干旱期使用。

As rainwater zigzags down the slopes, each level of TURF harvests runoff from the previous cell, forming unique clusters of micro-watersheds along the terrace to helping absorb, filter and purify rainwater while growing food for the campus. By the end of its journey, four retention ponds await on each wing, capable of holding up to 3,095,570 gallons of water once combined. These ponds significantly reduce the volume of stormwater leaving the site while mitigating unexpected flood and drought disasters. They present a solution to storing excessive runoff during intense storms for future use during dry spells.

 

▼梯田水管理 Managing Water on a Mountain of Rice Terraces

© LANDPROCESS

▼层叠屋顶剖面图 cascading roof section

© LANDPROCESS

 

通过循环利用4个蓄水池中的水,充分满足了农场用于粮食生产水量的大部分需求。太阳能泵能将储存的水抽取到屋顶灌溉。此外,水稻和蔬菜的种植加强了土壤的肥沃度,减少了暴雨期间的水土流失,并有效防止从排水系统和自然水体中进入的污染径流和空气中的毒素。

Reusing restoring water at four retention ponds, the TURF manages on-site water management to minimize water footprint on food production. A solar-powered pump pushes stored water upward for roof irrigation. Furthermore, the cascading layers of rice and vegetable plantations enrich the soil’s nutrition, reducing the amount of soil mass lost during heavy rainfall. This prevents polluted runoff as well as particulate airborne toxins from entering drainage systems and natural water bodies.

 

▼农场种植的各种作物 From the Urban Roof Farm to Table

© LANDPROCESS
© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS

 

设计师充分利用地形的每一个层次,最大限度地利用地形坡面,创造出一个山地建筑的形式的多功能公共空间。斜坡上设计了12个可作为室外教室的椭圆形的空间,这些散布在楼梯上的“小口袋”提供了亲密的社交空间和通往种植区域的通道。如果你有幸爬到农场顶层,就能在广袤无垠的天空下360度全方位感受曼谷景色。大型圆形剧场为所有游客提供了一个便捷、灵活的娱乐和教育空间。

By carving into the mountainous architecture and maximizing the use of the inclined surface, TURF utilizes every level of the terrain to create multi-functional public spaces. Twelve individually designed areas on the slopes serve as oval-shaped outdoor classrooms, while small pockets dispersed along the staircases provide intimate social spaces and access to the crops. TURF rewards those who climb to the top with a 360-degree panoramic view of the Bangkok centered in an urban farm and under the open sky. A large amphitheater provides an accessible and flexible recreational and educational space for all visitors.

 

▼户外学习和交流平台 Platforms for Outdoor Learning and Social Interaction

© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS

▼户外教室空间 Outdoor Education amongst the Urban Farm

© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS
© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS / Dsignsomething

▼户外剧场 The Open Sky Amphitheater

© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS

▼大型剧场 the ground amphitheater

© Dsignsomething / Jinnawat Borihankijanan

 

随着一季又一季的作物被种下到收割,证明 TURF 是一个落地性强且可行性大的解决方案,它使现代城市居民重新感受了古代的农业实践, 这也证实了受当地独创性启发的整体方法的可行性。TURF 继承了泰国文化、景观和本土农业的历史(几代农民从他们生活的土地和水中学到的东西),旨在为将来可持续城市建设提供一种适应和应对气候变化的经验参考。

As lush green turns to dry brown, TURF is a realistic, but hopeful solution that puts modern urban dwellers back in tune with ancestral agricultural practices. The landscape architect implemented a holistic approach inspired by local ingenuity. Carried on through several generations of farmers who learned from the land and water they lived with—TURF holds with it the history of Thai culture, landscape and native soil, embedded as lessons to communities and city builders on how to adapt to and embrace climate challenges in building the sustainable cities of the future.

 

© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS
© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS
© Panoramic Studio / LANDPROCESS

 

 

景观设计: LANDPROCESS
建筑设计: Arsomsilp  Institute of the Arts
室内设计: DIMENSIONAL INTERPRETATION
结构工程: Degree System Co., Ltd
MEP 工程: TPM Consultants Co.,Ltd
平面设计: Be Our Friend
施工管理: CM49

Landscape Architect: LANDPROCESS
Architectural Design: Arsomsilp  Institute of the Arts
Interior Design: DIMENSIONAL INTERPRETATION
Structural Engineering: Degree System Co., Ltd
MEP Engineering: TPM Consultants Co.,Ltd
Graphic Designer: Be Our Friend
Construction Management: CM49

 

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