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GED Design: Yangzhou Canal Sanwan Scenic Spot is located in the southern section of Yangzhou Ancient Canal, which is an important pole in the new pattern of urban culture and tourism of the main city of Yangzhou, “Slender West Lake in the North, Sanwan in the South”. It is also the pilot demonstration area for Jiangsu to build the Grand Canal National Cultural Park.
▽运河三湾景区概览图 Overview of Sanwan
The Sanwan Section of the Canal has experienced four eras of development in history.
Before the Ming Dynasty, the Sanwan Section of the Canal (formerly known as Pagoda Bay) was straight and fast, which was not conducive to sailing. Later, under the leadership of Guo Guangfu, Magistrate of Yangzhou in the Ming Dynasty, the Canal was turned from straight to form three water bays, so as to get the name “Sanwan”. After liberation, Sanwan has gradually developed into an industrial zone in the south of Yangzhou, and it has gradually changed from an industrial zone to an ecological park from 2008 to 2017. In 2018, Sanwan was repositioned as the cultural and tourism core of southern Yangzhou. The development of the scenic spot ushered in new opportunities, but also demanded higher requirements, among which the waterfront space transformation has become a key step to improve the scenic spot.
▽扬州主城文旅格局图 Cultural and Tourism Pattern of Yangzhou Main City
▽三湾的定位演进 Positioning Evolution of Sanwan
The eastern waterfront space transformed by this project is the main entrance of the Sanwan Scenic Spot and the important interface of the Canal facing the city. It has an area of 3.71 hectares and a coastline of about 750 meters.
▽运河三湾景区概念规划与本项目位置 Conceptual Planning of Canal Sanwan Scenic Spot and Project Location
▽场地现状：临水不亲水、游人与运河无法互动。Site Status: Waterfront but not Water-Friendly, Visitors Cannot Interact with the Canal.
With the purpose of “Returning the River to the People” and the concept of “Picturesque Canal and Culture Hidden in Sanwan”, the transformation aims to create a model area for the transformation of Sanwan waterfront space.
▽设计总平面 General Design Plan
The design focuses on opening full waterfront interface with the strategy of “opening-introducing-connecting-embellishing”. Two theme spaces, “Canal living room” and “canal stage”, are introduced, and greenways and waterfront walkways are used to connect the internal and external traffic of the area, embellishing a number of characteristic nodes that are integrated with the canal.
▽方案手绘鸟瞰图 Hand-drawn Aerial View of the Scheme
▽场地重要节点改造前后的场景对比 Scene Comparison before and after Transformation of Important Nodes of the Site
改造成果 Transformation Results
1、还河于民的水岸空间 Waterfront Space That Returns the River to the People
Canal Living Room: The original site space and traffic order of the east entrance was chaotic. In the transformation, part of the original trees on the axis that block the view were transplanted, and the original central meadow was completely opened to ensure the interconnection between the canal view and the axis of the square, and simplify the travel line.
▽运河客厅局部鸟瞰 Aerial View of Partial Canal Living Room
▽特选朴树与草地花境组合，透景运河又营造中间层次。Special Combination of Hackberries and Meadow Flower Field Makes Landscape Penetration of the Canal but also Creates an Intermediate Level
▽驳岸处植物做减法，绿道后退、滨水界面形成缓坡。The Plants on the Revetment are Reduced, the Greenway Recedes, and The Waterfront Interface Forms a Gentle Slope
▽亲水栈道系统与缓坡入水的驳岸相结合。The Water-Friendly Walkway System is Combined with the Revetment with Gentle Slope into the Water.
Canal Stage: A theme space facing the canal is formed by using the wave shadow gallery, the grass terrace and the canal background.
▽运河舞台局部鸟瞰 Aerial View of Partial Canal Stage
▽开放的运河舞台与运河、湿地与大运塔形成完整画面 The Open Canal Stage，Canal, Wetland and Dayun Tower Form a complete picture.
2、因地制宜的环境利用 Environmental Utilization according to the Conditions
The design properly retains and utilizes the current masson pine forest, metasequoia forest and weeping willow on the shore to maximize the value of the existing environment.
▽改造中留存的三片乔木林带 The Three Arbor Belts Retained in the Transformation
▽采用保留、嵌套与补植三种方式，强化植物与运河的场景互动。Retention, Nesting and Replanting are Adopted To Strengthen the Scene Interaction Between Plants and Canals.
▽绿道与现状水杉林带相融合。The Greenway is Integrated with the Current Metasequoia Forest Belt.
3、层次丰富的生态策略 Various Ecological Strategies
Before transformation, the shoreline was rigid and did not realize the due ecological benefits of the waterfront. It is designed to restore the water-friendliness and ecological diversity of the river bank through the treatment of the shoreline advance and retreat and the gentle slope wet plant belt. After maintaining a green land rate of 75%, permeable asphalt, embedded grass steps and aerial walkway are used to further reduce surface runoff.
▽生态化的驳岸改造，保证河岸的亲水与生态多样。Ecological revetment transformation ensures the water-friendliness and ecological diversity of the riverbank.
▽利用天然凹地配置湿生植物，营造卵石花溪。The natural concave area is configured with wet plants to create a pebble flower stream.
▽草坡入水的自然驳岸结合水生植物缓冲带，保证河岸的亲水与生态多样。The riverbank is hydrophilic and ecologically diverse
4、岸河互动的细节表达 Details on Bank-River Interaction
The soft and hard interface, height differences interface and image facade of the site are used to express interesting details and strengthen the spatial perception of bank and river interaction.
▽波浪造型的曲线坐凳和嵌草台阶，呼应运河和大运塔的韵律。Wavy curved benches and embedded grass steps echo the rhythm of the canal and the tower.
▽种植池边界，采用波浪状的软硬穿插过渡。The boundary of the planting pool uses a wavy soft and hard interlaced transition.
▽嵌草台阶与汀步，让植物与活动空间自然交融。Embedded grass steps and stepping stones allow plants to blend naturally with activity space.
▽涟漪台阶，呼应水岸线边界，同时实现台阶与坐凳两用。Ripple steps echo the boundary of the shoreline, and simultaneously realize the dual use of steps and benches.
▽粉黛乱子草与台阶穿插，形成富有亮点的季相景观。Muhlenbergia capillaris and steps are interspersed to form a bright seasonal landscape.
▽围合看台与运河舞台，通透的造型与环境充分融合。Enclosed stand and canal stage are fully integrated with environment with transparent styles.
▽轻盈的波影长廊与带状草阶一起打造漂浮在绿地上的活动空间。The light wave shadow corridor and the stripped grass steps together create an activity space floating on the green space.
2022 ELA 国际景观奖年度十大景观项目
Project name:The East Bank Waterfront Space Transformation of Canal Sanwan Scenic Spot, Yangzhou
Project type:Transformation of Cultural Scenic Spot
Design:GED Architecture & Landscape Design Co., Ltd.
Leader designer & Team:Zhewei Jiang, Linan Xu, Lei Zhang, Manyuan Gu, Jing Qian, Yun Cao, Li Liu, Yuqi Ji, Sujuan Ye, Li Zhang, Jue Zhu, Yangyang Hu, Lingfei Chen, Chengpeng Huang and Junjie Zhang
Project area:37109 ㎡
Photo credit: Linan Xu, Liancheng Mao
Partner:Zhejiang Urban Construction Planning and Design Institute Co., Ltd.
Clients:Yangzhou Sanwan Investment Development Co., Ltd.
First Prize of Landscape Architecture Design Category of Excellent Survey and Design Achievements in Zhejiang Survey and Design Industry in 2022;
First Prize of Excellent Landscape Engineering Award (Planning and Design Category) of Zhejiang Society of Landscape Architecture in 2022;
Top 10 Landscape Projects of the Year at the 2022 ELA International Landscape Awards
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