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间筑设计：道格·桑德斯曾在《Arrival City: The Final Migration and Our Next World》一书中指出落脚城市（也就是城中村）的发展是城市化进程中的关键一环，可能是下一波经济与文化的诞生地，也可能是下一波暴力冲突的爆发地，需要我们妥善处理。
TEAM_BLDG: In his book Arrival City: The Final Migration and Our Next World, Doug Saunders points out that the development of the arrival city (also known as urban village) is an important part in the urbanization process. It may be the birthplace of the next wave of economic and cultural development, or the explosive place of the next wave of violent conflicts, which needs to be properly handled.
▼夜景鸟瞰 Night view
▼华灯初上，树影中的公寓楼 Lighted apartment building at dusk
Guangzhou is the only first-tier city where a large number of urban villages still exist in the city center. As of 2016, according to incomplete statistics, there are 304 villages in Guangzhou, with a total area of 716 square kilometers and a population of nearly 6 million. Just like the area where our renovation project is located, due to its superior location, a large number of migrants still flow in every year. However, most of the residential buildings they live in are dilapidated, facing the urgent need to be improved its living environment. A severe lack of funds and intricate surroundings are the biggest obstacles to the renovation of these old apartments. In this architectural renovation, we hope not only to solve a single problem, but also to explore a reproducible template to provide an additional solution for this old urban village area.
▼夕阳中的公寓楼 Apartment building at dusk
▼周边多为火柴盒式通廊住宅 Most of the surrounding buildings are the matchbox type corridor houses
喧闹城中村 Bustling urban village
As the central urban area with the smallest area and the highest population density in downtown Guangzhou, Yuexiu district still has a lot of urban villages, remnant areas slightly disjointed with the high-speed urbanization. The renovation project this time is located in a well-known urban village at the Siyou Second Road in Yuexiu District.
▼项目区位 Project location
▼日景鸟瞰 Aerial view
The residential buildings in the urban village are basically the matchbox type corridor houses built in the last century. In order to meet the actual use needs, there are many additions and structures at the façade and inside of the building. With its excellent downtown location and convenient transportation environment, this area is populated by a large number of young office workers. While enjoying living in the city center, they also want to pursue comfort and design, so that they are eager to improve the living environment.
▼高楼林立的城市中，黄昏时的公寓楼 Apartment buildings at dusk in a city of skyscrapers
The residential building to be renovated this time is located at a very special position, with a bustling urban trunk road in front and the Siyou meat and vegetable market, the only market in the urban village. The stores necessary for life, such as food, groceries and hardware, stand in the market. Nearby, there are two other residential buildings with very similar interior structure. The unique texture of the bustling and noisy urban village was our first impression when we just arrived at the base.
▼改造居民楼前面的城市干道 A bustling urban trunk road in front of the residential building
▼改造居民楼后面的寺右肉菜市场 The Siyou meat and vegetable market in the urban village
▼相邻的另外两栋内部构造极为相似的居民楼 Two other residential buildings with very similar interior structure nearby
The owner hopes that through the transformation of the facade, we can get rid of the old and dirty impression of the urban village and establish the benchmark image of the long-rented apartment brand. Meanwhile, it is hoped to improve the internal space, so that the apartment will not only meet the living comfort, but also make use of the public space to carry out activities and enhance neighborhood interaction.
▼建筑东立面 East facade
▼从步行道看外立面的节奏感 The rhythm of the facade can be seen from the sidewalk
“减重”立面新语 “Lose weight” of new language of facade
As the front connecting the city with the urban village, how the transformed facade increases the degree of integration to link with the city and maintain cohesion with the community is one of the key demands for the facade reconstruction.
We studied and communicated about the punching method and proportion of the aluminum plate on the facade. After repeated proofing and confirmation, we chose the wavy punching aluminum plate to wrap the façade extending from the two ends of the atrium to the exterior. We strived to echo the punching pattern with the splicing mosaic of original building facade, to “reduce the weight” of the entire building through the semi-transparent covering layer and lighting setting, and meet the heavy traffic outside the house by the lightsome “rhythm” and jumping volume division.
▼半透样式的覆盖层的亮灯效果 The lighting effect of the facade
▼“轻盈”的外立面材料-波浪型冲孔铝板 “Light” façade material- the wavy punching aluminum plate
The “dialogue” with the original buildings in the urban village behind also highlighted the contrast between the new and old languages, and the symbiosis with the surrounding buildings of big and small sizes emphasized the sense of “collage” of the texture level of the city facade.
▼不同年代的建筑，在风格上形成对话 The buildings of different ages form a dialogue in style
▼新旧建筑的立面对比 Facades of old and new buildings
通廊“切割”公共与私密 Corridor “cuts” public and private secrets
The site is made full use in the interior of the building to make the staggered-floor corridor, and the east and west end of the corridor are connected with two staircases, which met the functional needs of small family settlement in the village at that time. However, there are a large number of structures in the inner courtyard surrounded by residents from the north and south and the air conditioning machines and wire chimneys that are scattered at random, which makes the only open public space in the original building unusually dirty and disorderly and there is even serious rat infestation in the courtyard.
Therefore, the main part of the internal reconstruction of the building should be the public space part in the yard and the rationale for re-dividing the house type is also the design point that we should focus on.
▼内院改造前后对比 Before & After of the inner courtyard
The design starts with the central courtyard to clean the original structures in the yard and sort out the air conditioning and various lines and pipes to ensure the courtyard’s openness and comfort. According to local conditions, the public space surrounded by the main three-dimensional dynamic lines of the original building should be made full use of, to ensure that the lingering degree of the new residents in the central yard and staggered floor corridor by creating an interesting visual interior facade.
▼中庭-俯视 Atrium-looking down
The design should keep the original structure of the building as much as possible and retain the three spatial levels from the private to the public areas in the original buildings, namely the connection of different house types at each floor, the three-dimensional enclosure of the staggered floor corridor and the staircase in front of houses, and convergence at the central courtyard. The interlayer between the skirt buildings along the street and the residents is filled with the gym, audio-visual rooms and other public spaces and the top terrace is set with sightseeing, drying and other recreational areas. At the entrance, the sightseeing elevator is added to reach each floor conveniently.
▼富有韵律的内立面窗洞 Rhythmic interior façade
▼半透式覆盖层保证了阳台的采光 Semi-transparent cover layer guarantees daylighting of the balcony
难点与不足 Difficulties and shortcomings
In the process of renovation, due to not repairing for longer time and disorderly pipeline, the setting of the upper and lower water buried pipes and the new firefighting pipeline inside the building became the biggest problem in the renovation. However, how to connect the pipeline setting in the urban village with the existing municipal pipeline was also reasonably solved through multi-party efforts and consultations.
In terms of materials, in order to meet the design requirements of high efficiency and low cost which is only 150 to 180 US dollars per square meter, we have chosen finished fabricated toilets and prefabricated building materials as much as possible, such as terrazzo floor tiles and dry hanging metal sheets.
Regrettably, due to the limitation of time and budget, the materials and details for the entrance of the facade and the public space were handled in a hurry. The materials for the man approachable dimension should be more approachable, and the detail processing for the handrails should better meet the actual functional requirements.
▼二层平面图 2F Plan
▼外立面详图 Detail drawing of the facade
团队：肖磊、滋埜悠司、杨毓琼、王子朋、曹仪、Pedro Manzano Ruiz
Design Period: 2018.07-2019.02
Construction Period: 2019.02-2019.10
Location: Yuexiu, Guangzhou, China
Building Area: 6000SQM
Architects: Xiao Lei, Shigeno Yuji, Yang Yuqiong, Wang Zipeng, Cao Yi, Pedro Manzano Ruiz
Type: Architecture, Interior and Landscape
Photographs: Jonathan Leijonhufvud
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