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九源国际：在过去十几年间，渤海镇依靠卓越的资源和怀柔京郊游的金名片，乡村旅游产业得到了持续发展，以精品民宿、 乡村特色酒店等为代表的旅游接待产品迅速在渤海镇落地，亲子、度假等目标客群的旅游项目层出不穷，镇村居民 生活水平也因此得到改善。
Jiuyuan Architectura: Relying on excellent resources and the golden card of Huairou Beijing suburban tourism, the rural tourism industry in Bohai Town has been developing continuously in the past decade, tourism reception products represented by high-quality residential accommodation and rural characteristic hotels have sprung up rapidly in Bohai Town, and tourism projects for parent-child, vacation and other target groups have emerged in an endless stream，the living standards of residents in towns and villages have been improved accordingly.
项目源起 Project origin
2020年，随着《北京市休闲农业“十百千万”畅游行动实施意见》的印发，北京市休闲农业开启了走一二三 产融合，高质量发展之路。意见中重点鼓励怀柔区突出自身山水特性，打造百泉汤河休闲农业精品线路。借此契机， 渤海镇政府希望进一步提升栗花溪谷品牌，实现怀沙河流域旅游资源的更新、整合和再升级。
In 2020, with the publication of “Opinions on the Implementation of Beijing Leisure Agriculture’s” Ten Million “Changyou Action”, the city’s leisure agriculture opened the road of integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries and high-quality development. The opinions clearly put forward the key tasks of creating more than ten excellent leisure agricultural routes, especially encouraging Huairou District to highlight its own landscape characteristics and build Baiquantang River routes. Bohai Town hopes to take this opportunity to upgrade the brand of Chestnut Blossom Valley and realize the renewal, integration and re-upgrading of tourism resources in Huaisha River Basin.
The design team has been associated with Huairou for seven years, and has deep feelings and unique understanding of this land. With the goal of “realizing rural revitalization and common prosperity”, we hope to promote industrial development by means of design intervention and make some contributions to ecological conservation.
Bohai Town is located in the northwest of Huairou District, Beijing. It is surrounded by mountains and the Huaisha River winds through it. It is close to the Great Wall Cultural Belt and only 20 kilometers away from Huairou District. It is within the “one-hour tourism circle” in the suburbs of Beijing, with superior resources and location.
The site of this case is located in the hinterland of the ecological green corridor of the Huaisha River, stretching along the Huaisha River, starting from Sanduhe Village and ending at Badaoheling Village.There are five natural villages along the Sandu River village, Sidu River village, Wudu River village, Liudu River village and Badu River village in series.
Inside and around the design site, there are chestnut trees, and when the chestnut blossoms, there are golden mountains, thus forming a regional brand with certain influence-” Chestnut Blossom Valley “. Chestnut is the biggest food feature in this valley, such as sugar-fried chestnut, chestnut chicken, chestnut roast meat and steamed bread of chestnut has also become one of the experiences of tourists here.
▽项目区位 Project location
▽现状综合分析 Comprehensive analysis of the current situation
▽资源分析 Resource analysis
▽场景分析 Scenery Analysis
The bottom-up “barbaric growth” mode of rural tourism and the unique landscape resources and environment for many years have resulted in some characteristics of the region where the case is located:
(1) Scale effect and respective operation;
(2) Single tourism products and lack of experience;
(3) Imperfect infrastructure.
▽设计调研多方需求，以多方共建的形式共同完成设计 Design and research multi-party needs, and complete the design jointly in the form of multi-party co-construction
设计理念 Design concept
▽风景道线路图 Scenic Road Map
Based on the multiple surveys and in-depth analysis of the current situation, we hope to achieve the following design concepts through the design in this case:
（1）What we should do is not only to improve the space and landscape, but also to stimulate the vitality and self-drive of rural development.
（2）Overall consideration of the harmony of the five elements of mountains, waters, forests, fields and villages (five villages), selection of low-carbon, low-impact materials and native plants in harmony with the rural landscape;
（3）Guarantee the production and living needs of villagers as basic users of the region, respect their understanding and opinions on regional development, and encourage them to integrate into the project to achieve co-construction and co-governance;
（4）enhance that scenic road by means of low intervention to minimize ecological disturbance;
（5）Make full use of the current basic conditions and construction to reduce the total amount of the project and carbon emissions;
（6）Activate the potential value of the site in multiple dimensions, and increase the experience, richness and interest of the viewing activities.
设计亮点 Design highlights
风景道意义和作用 Ignificance and function of scenic road
The users of the scenic trail are defined as villagers (especially those engaged in chestnut picking) and tourists. Therefore, considering the needs of the actual users, the width of the trail is set at 3.5-4 meters, which can be used for walking, bicycle riding, agricultural machinery and vehicles, and the turning space for agricultural vehicles is set at the corner. The road paving material is selected as durable and natural rolled gravel. Adopt permeable base to ensure the ecological property of the road; And can support different use requirement. At the same time, the scheme design team comprehensively considers the visual perception of mountains, waters, forests, fields and villages during walking, the diversity of interactive experience between routes and water surfaces, the location of functional points such as current trestle roads (scattered), hydrophilic space, residential courtyards, public venues (fairs, pocket parks), and productive trails. Finally, the route selection scheme of the scenic trail is determined.
After the completion of the project, visitors can roam, run, ride, hydrophilic and other activities on the scenic trail; at the same time, it will be more convenient, comfortable and safe to go to the waterside plank road, core landscape, public venues and other places. It improves the depth of tourists’experience of landscape and pastoral life.
▽步道一侧依山设置毛石挡墙 On one side of the trail, a rock retaining wall is set against the hill
▽步道休闲停留空间 Footpath leisure stay space
▽保留道路两侧原始大树 Keep the original trees on both sides of the road
▽根据不同人群的使用功能、生产生活习惯，调整路宽及铺装材料 Adjust the road width and paving materials according to the use function, production and living habits of different groups of people.
▽导视系统、车行道趣味喷涂、LOGO设计等 Guide system, lane fun spraying, LOGO design, etc.
▽过水桥分析水位分析 Analysis of water level of water bridge
板栗集市广场 Chestnut Fair
在六渡河村有乡村集散广场，周边村民每周五在此自发市集，购买生活必需品及农具，结合板栗特色，形象 的称之为板栗广场。每逢开市，广场人头攒动，乡村生活氛围浓郁。作为周边几个村落之间沟通交流的纽带，板栗 集市的重要性不言而喻。然而，它存在的问题比较明显：场地功能单一，这也造成了它除周五外其他时段使用率低。
因此，设计团队对原有场地进行了改造提升，具体手法如下：对现状空间进行重新梳理，将其划分为活动空 间与停车区域，以满足多种活动对场地的不同使用需求；同时，增加3米宽绿化带，强化入口空间，并在集市广场 增设标识系统，以增强场地的可被外部感知性；更换广场及周边照明，并串联林下景观绿地，以增强场地使用的全 时性，提高使用者安全感。我们为日常使用提供了更加灵活多变的场地及空间，提高场地的利用效率。
In Liuduhe Village, there is a village distribution square, where the surrounding villagers gather every Friday to buy daily necessities and farm tools. Combined with the characteristics of chestnut, the image is called Chestnut Square. Every time the market opens, the square is crowded with people and the atmosphere of rural life is strong. As a link of communication between several surrounding villages, the importance of chestnut market is self-evident. However,its problems are obvious: the function of the venue is single, which also causes its low utilization rate except Friday.
Therefore, the design team has upgraded the original site by the following methods: reorganizing the current space and dividing it into activity space and parking area to meet the different needs of various activities for the site; At the same time, a 3-meter-wide green belt is added to strengthen the entrance space, and a sign system is added to the market square to enhance the external perception of the site. Replace the square and surrounding lighting, and connect the undergrowth landscape green space in series to enhance the full-time use of the site and improve the user’s sense of security. We provide more flexible venues and spaces for daily use to improve the utilization efficiency of the venues.
月亮湾 Moon Bay
月亮湾位于八渡河村下游，是栗花溪谷风景道的尾部位置。此处怀沙河水流形成较大的回弯。随着水流量的变化，回弯外侧呈现天然的滩涂地。该区域生态基底好，近年来，也出现了越来越多野生鸟类栖息，动植物资源丰沛。 “月亮湾”蕴含很高的科普价值，且资源具有稀缺性与特殊性，是风景道上最后的一块“净土”；同时，这 一区域对生态与自然环境保护的要求也较高，设计团队希望借助低介入手法凸显其价值。
Moon Bay is located in the downstream of Baduhe Village, which is the tail of the Chestnut Blossom Valley Scenic Road. Here, the flow of the Huaisha River forms a large backbend. With the change of water flow, the outside of the return bend presents a natural beach. The region has a good ecological base, and in recent years, more and more wild birds have appeared, and animal and plant resources are abundant. “Moon Bay” contains a high value of popular science, and the resources are scarce and special, which is the last piece of “pure land” on the scenic road. At the same time, this area has higher requirements for ecological and natural environment protection, and the design team hopes to highlight its value by means of low intervention.
▽契合环境的耐候钢围栏与钢格网步道，凸显自然野趣 The weathering steel fence and steel grid walkway fit the environment, highlighting the natural wild interest
▽傍晚时分的湿地栈道 A wetland walkway at dusk
亲水栈道建设 Construction of hydrophilic trestle road
After the environmental suitability analysis of the wetland, the wetland trestle road is added, the material is weather-resistant steel, which is more durable, and the color is similar to the earth, which is more suitable for the environment and strengthens the experience. The road surface is paved with steel grids, through which plants can grow upward, showing more wild interest and closeness to people.
▽月亮湾湿地节点设计拆解图 Moon Bay Wetland Node Design Disassembly Drawing
湿地风貌保障 Wetland landscape guarantee
According to the characteristics of the seasonal change of the water volume of the Huaisha River, an artificial dam is set up to divert water from the main river channel (Huaisha River) through a flume, so as to maintain the basic wetland landscape in the dry season and assist flood discharge, flood discharge and rainwater regulation and storage in the wet season.
▽月亮湾湿地汇水分析 Analysis of Water Catchment in Moon Bay Wetland
▽以低介入的手法进行风景道提升，最小化生态扰动 Elevate scenic byways with low intervention to minimize ecological disturbances
生态景观修复 Ecological landscape restoration
设计依托场地植被较荒芜现状，进行部分引导性生态修复工作。在保留现状乔木的基础上，利用场地高差， 进行水土复培和植物群落恢复，补植菖蒲等乡土品种亲水植物及乡土野生花草，同时结合湿地边缘现状梯田，形成 丰富的湿地生态景观。
The design relies on the relatively barren vegetation status of the site to carry out part of the guiding ecological restoration work. On the basis of retaining the existing arbors, the height difference of the site is used to carry out water and soil re-cultivation and plant community restoration, replant native hydrophilic plants such as calamus and native wild flowers and plants, and combine with the existing terraces on the edge of the wetland to form a rich wetland ecological landscape.
▽湿地生态修复 Wetland ecological restoration
▽生态修复改造前&改造后对比 Comparison between before and after transformation
“隐形”观鸟屋 Invisible” Birdwatching House
Low-impact bird-watching houses should be set up in areas suitable for watching migratory birds without affecting them. From wood, thatch, etc. It is mainly made of natural materials to achieve the effect of hiding in nature and increase the experience of sightseeing and popular science in the Moon Bay area.
▽月亮湾湿地建成后，吸引了多种鸟类栖居Since its completion, Moon Bay Wetland has attracted many kinds of birds
悠然地与过水桥 Leisurely with Xiangshui Bridge
在这一地段，还坐落着一座地标性构筑物——过水桥。它呈多拱造型，高大秀美，自 70年代开始，输送灌溉用水至今。本案中，设计团队对桥下区域原有泥泞土路和杂草做了可进入处理，提供了更多观赏响水桥的视角和空间。在项目施工还未完成之时，就已经有很多上了年纪的村民在响水桥前的开敞空间唱戏、 消夏，表达了对场地的认可和喜欢。响水桥仿佛一个慈祥老者，静静地守望着村落的前世今生。
Between Sanduhe Village and Siduhe Village, the design team selected several suitable points along the landscape footpath to open the interface and enlarge the local area. The ground is provided with a permeable base layer and is paved with rolled gravels to become a place for tourists or villagers to rest or set up tents. The design team specially took the artistic conception of “leisurely see Nanshan” and named these nodes “leisurely land”.
In this area, there is also a landmark structure, Xiangshui Bridge. It has a multi-arch shape, tall and beautiful, and has been transporting irrigation water since the 1970s. In this case, the design team has made accessible treatment to the original muddy dirt road and weeds in the area under the bridge, providing more perspective and space for viewing the Xiangshui Bridge. Before the construction of the project was completed, many elderly villagers were singing and spending the summer in the open space in front of the Xiangshui Bridge, expressing their recognition and love for the site. Xiangshui Bridge is like a kind old man, quietly watching the past and present life of the village.
▽改造前场地 Site before transformation
▽悠然地节点实景图-结合响水桥，打造风景道上的文化节点 Leisurely node reality map Combine Xiangshui Bridge to create a cultural node on the scenic road
▽悠然地节点设计拆解图 Leisurely node design disassembly diagram
村庄发展内动力的培育 The cultivation of the internal motive force of village development
Establish the connection between industry and project (homestay, rural tourism) for tourists. In the design work, we selected several homestays that need to be upgraded and renovated at the sight point, and built them together with the operators of homestay. The design relies on the local natural and cultural characteristics to create a place full of rural elegance, which also has a certain driving effect on the local homestay industry.
▽民宿林间步道 B&b Forest Trail
陪伴式设计施工 Accompanying design and construction (two-way rush)
It is very difficult to design the project in the rural ditch area: on the one hand, the site landform is complex, and the construction conditions are often more difficult than expected; on the other hand, the villagers’ opinions are easy to repeat, which affects the progress of the project.
In this case, the design team has been working closely with the relevant villagers and village cadres along the landscape road from the reconnaissance to the implementation stage, so that they can become people who understand the scheme as well as the designers, make full use of their role in the village kinship social relations, convey and explain the scheme, and help the design team gain the trust of villagers more quickly. At the same time, considering the efficiency of project promotion, the design team adopts the accompanying way to participate in the whole construction process, while communicating, modifying the scheme and constructing. The construction process has become another link of co-construction with villagers. It realizes the possibility of absorbing villagers’opinions again and revising the scheme in the process of construction.
▽多方配合施工过程 Multi-party cooperation in the construction process
▽场地实景呈现 The real scene of the site is presented
幸福感与认同感 Happiness and identity
With the implementation of the project, more public space along the landscape road has been created, and the quality of the original public space has also been improved. Landscape sites can be used as camps, parent-child activities, popular science education, cultural fairs and other extendable operation scenarios. The design team met four or five fashionable grannies from neighboring villages in a leisurely way. Their faces were filled with happy smiles and they were singing in a leisurely way. Seeing the design team, They kindly expressed my gratitude and love for the venue.
We hope that every user can find his own ideal scene here, and we also hope that the scene created can make people and nature coexist.
▽活力与内动力培育——从景观提升到乡村振兴 Vitality and Internal Power Cultivation — — From Landscape Promotion to Rural Revitalization
▽公共空间的活动场景 Activity scenes in public Spaces
Project name： Upgrading Design of Chestnut Blossom Valley Scenic Road in Bohai Town of Huairou
Designer: Jiuyuan (Beijing) International Architectural Consulting Co., LTD
Year completed: 2022
Design team: Jian Zhang, Xueting Zhang, Yanqiang Kang, Jin Kang, Yi Yuan, Douhuizi Qin, Siyu Li, Yingfan Zhang, Yuwei Wang, Hao Qiu, Zhonghang Yu, Shanshan Fan, Haoxin Zhang, Zhen Zhan, Feipeng Yin, Mengqi Li
Project address: Bohai Town, Huairou District, Beijing
Construction area: Landscape area 130,000 square meters
Copyright: Jiuyuan (Beijing) International Architectural Consulting Co., LTD
Client: People’s Government of Bohai Town, Huairou District, Beijing
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