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SBM studio: Kharkiv, a dynamic one-and-a-half-million-people city, a former industrial and political hub of Soviet Ukraine, had been experiencing a desperate lack of decently-equipped and well-maintained community-use parkland areas.
▼公园秋景 Autumn view of the park
▼项目视频 Project video
Sarzhyn Yar park, originally created in 18th century, has traditionally been a place where residents of nearby residential areas get their drinking water, coming from the underground springs. It is one of the few locations in the central part of Kharkiv, where people can hide themselves from the bustle of the city and switch to a quieter mode of being, while enjoying the natural beauty of the place. However, before the reconstruction project, the area was largely in a sorry state with old asphalt pathways crumbling away and much of the now-usable area simply overgrown with shrubs and bushes.
▼躲避城市喧嚣的宁静之地 People can hide themselves from the bustle of the city in this quiet place
There are no lakes or rivers in this part of the city, so those who love sunbathing come to Sarzhyn Yar to get tanned, often after having a plunge in one of the two stone baths with cold spring water running through. This area was the first one to undergo renovation. We also created more comfortable changing rooms with a tilted wall for sunbathing.
▼倾斜的墙壁用来做日光浴 A tilted wall for sunbathing
One idea for improving the place was utilizing the underwater spring further. A dam system allowed us to create man-made lakes and preserve all the trees by grouping them into small islands. We used the technology of our ancestors and covered the bottom of lakes with clay while strengthening the banks with willow branches. This helped us to make these lakes eco-friendly and with respect to nature around. A network of footpaths around the lakes was created for the public to enjoy the picturesque views.
▼水下泉利用构想 Idea of utilizing the underwater spring
▼公园冬景 Winter view of the park
▼设计细节 Design detail
▼自行车天桥系统 Overpasses for bikes
▼独立的行人步道 A system of separate lanes for pedestrians
With cold spring water directed to the lakes, the temperature in this ravine-located park is now 4 degrees lower than in the rest of the city. We wanted the new Sarzhyn Yar to cater for citizens of various age groups, tastes and interests. Sarzhyn Yar became the first place in the city to feature overpasses for bikes combined with a system of separate lanes for bikes and pedestrians. Sports areas with a range of fitness equipment and soft rubber foam floor nearby the spring are suitable for young and old, regardless of their fitness level.
▼图解平面 Illustration plan
▼活动场地 Activity space
▼运动区 Sports area
Two themed children’s playgrounds became the places where whole families can chill and have a good time. One of the playgrounds is wooden, for kids to explore shapes and space. Another one, featuring volcanos, caves, hidden dinosaurs for excavation, trampolines and other activities, was designed for older children.
▼木制儿童游乐场 Wooden playground
▼适合大龄儿童的游乐场 The another playground was designed for older children
Finally, Sarzhyn Yar paths were extended to connect it to another major park of the city – Kharkiv Central Gorky Park – thus uniting these two areas in one system for the citizens to enjoy. Receiving the Grand Prix at ‘The First Ukrainian National Awards for Landscape Architecture and Garden Design 2020’ and First Place at ‘Real Estate Market Awards 2021‘ was a welcome indicator that SBM’s efforts to enhance city space were recognized and appreciated by the local community.
▼总体平面 Master plan
项目名称：水上景观公园 ‘Sarzhyn Yar’
主创设计：Olga Kleytman, Yuliia Fedorenko
设计团队：Kristina Muha, Marianna Ganzha, Anna Sytnuk, Yuliia Mishchenko, Katerina Ahafonova
工程：Sergey Strybul, Irina Strybul, Lybov Anohina
图片来源：Ivan Avdeenko, Sergey Sverdlov, Pavel Lutov
摄影师网站：http://ivanavdeenko.com/, https://sverdelov.com/ https://www.instagram.com/interiors_by_pasha_lutov/
Project Name: Water Landscape Park ‘Sarzhyn Yar’
Completion Year: 2019
Size: 17 hectare
Project Location: Kharkiv, Ukraine
Landscape/Architecture Firm: SBM studio
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead Architects: Olga Kleytman, Yuliia Fedorenko
Design Team: Kristina Muha, Marianna Ganzha, Anna Sytnuk, Yuliia Mishchenko, Katerina Ahafonova
Engineering: Sergey Strybul, Irina Strybul, Lybov Anohina
Clients: Kharkiv City Council
Photo Credits: Ivan Avdeenko, Sergey Sverdlov, Pavel Lutov
Photographer’s website: http://ivanavdeenko.com/, https://sverdelov.com/ https://www.instagram.com/interiors_by_pasha_lutov/
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