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Kong Xiangwei Studio：Xitang Village, located in the basin surrounded by mountains, is an ancient village with a long history. At the entrance of the ancient village, a dozen ancient trees stand, bringing an air to the ancient village. The ancient trees are more than 200 years old bitter paper and privet, which are naturally enclosed under the huge shade for the villagers to relax. The boundary is stacked with Taihu stone, paved with bluestones inside, and a set of traditional stone tables and benches are placed on the bluestones. This excellent cool place beside the stream under the tree has become an open-air tea table for the whole village to chat and socialize.
▽巨树下的小竹亭 A small bamboo pavilion under a giant tree
▽憩者与竹亭 The restorer and the bamboo Pavilion
This summer, the village B&B began to operate, B&B rooms mixed with local villagers’ houses. in order to create a better Xitang village environment, the owner hopes to add attractive nodes, in the condition of limited funds to quickly land and form. Several visits to the village, I was moved by the towering ancient trees at the entrance of the village, and often sat on the stone bench under the trees, watching the river flowing slowly. While chatting with the villagers, I came up with the idea of making a small pavilion under this big tree: On the one hand, Huizhou is rainy, and the pavilion can protect this small space from rain; The second is the entrance to the village, the pavilion can become a sign structure to welcome guests, especially at night, the light is lit, convenient for guests to quickly find the direction of accommodation.
▽竹亭所在位置 Location of bamboo pavilion
▽正对村头的竹亭 The bamboo pavilion facing the village
▽大树下的竹亭 Bamboo pavilion under the big tree
▽竹亭夜景 Night scene
在地的高效性 The efficiency of locality
The hills around Xitang Village are covered with bamboo. Bamboo is an important local building material, economical and durable, and is mostly used for garden enclosure and agricultural production buildings. Among the hundred crafts in Huizhou, bamboo craft is also an important folk craft. Huizhou bamboo ware is very exquisite, and there are many folk masters who are proficient in bamboo craft. Therefore, bamboo is used as a material to build bamboo pavilion, which is intended to harmoniously integrate into the towering trees of the site. Also local materials, follow the local spirit, highlight the property in the ground. In order to interfere with the site as little as possible, the bamboo pavilion was built on a small scale, covering only a set of tables and benches in the original site. The four corners are cut, giving way to the ancient trees of the site, like a small house, harmoniously integrating into the canopy shade.
▽隐入树下的竹亭 Into the bamboo pavilion under the tree
▽竹亭与湖石 Bamboo pavilion and lake stone
▽晨曦中的竹亭 Bamboo pavilion in the morning light
▽仰视竹亭 Look up at the bamboo pavilion
▽竹亭仰视 Bamboo pavilion looks up
The pavilion was built by local villagers in Dang Xitang Village. Bamboo workers Bamboo workers according to the design needs, the mountain cut down 20/50/80mm three diameter specifications of fresh bamboo, according to the different toughness of the selection of bamboo, bamboo and bitter bamboo three varieties, on-site cutting assembly, rich experience, technology online. After the whole bamboo frame is completed, the fire carbonization process is adopted, and the fire gun is slightly roasted to dehydrate it, and then the anti-corrosion treatment is further done. Finally, the acrylic panel on the top of the pavilion is installed, which is lightweight and easy to construct quickly. From the selection of materials, processing to installation, the designer and the bamboo carpenter work closely together, from conception to completion, the entire construction period is only ten days.
▽与周边环境融合的竹亭 Bamboo pavilion that blends in with the surrounding environment
▽三种不同规格的毛竹、雷竹和苦竹现成组装搭建而成 Three different specifications of bamboo, bamboo and bamboo ready-assembled
小尺度的结构美学 Aesthetics in Small scale
Although bamboo pavilion is small, there is no lack of structural aesthetics. Different from the traditional integrated binding, bamboo pavilion adopts the way of splicing to connect the structural members, and the structure strengthens the connection and support as much as possible. Six groups of horizontal and vertical triangular trusses are used as structural units to support the entire top of the cornice, and the facade is filled with repeated arrays of equal bamboo to form a uniform and repetitive aesthetic feeling. In order to maintain the consistency with the surrounding trees, the vertically stressed columns are added to form “dendritic columns” and cleverly integrate into the surrounding woods. The overhanging eaves are topped with light acrylic. Sunlight easily penetrates through the transparent material, and you can look up and see the shadows of trees in the mountain wind swaying under the dappled sunlight.
▽竹亭采用插接的方式连接结构杆件，支持起整个飞檐顶部 The structural members are connected by splicing to support the entire top of the cornice
古树下的守候 Waiting under the giant tree
The small bamboo pavilion is hidden under the big tree, and under the dim light of the morning sun, it blends in with the light and color. Under the bright sun, it is shaded by big trees; in the night, the bright bamboo pavilion guides returnees and tourists into the village.
▽隐于大树之下的竹亭 A bamboo pavilion hidden under a big tree
▽顶视结构图 Top view structure diagram
▽屋顶结构图 Roof structure plan
▽竹亭细部结构图 Bamboo pavilion detailed structure drawing
Project Name: Xitang Bamboo Pavilion
Location: Xitang Village, Likou Town, Qimen County, Huangshan City
Clients: Likou Town Government, Qimen County, Huangshan City
Site area: 80㎡
Construction area: 18 ㎡
Design Company: Kong Xiangwei Studio
Lead architect: Kong Xiangwei
Participants: Cui Jun
Photography: Cui Jun, Gao Zhuojian
Design period: July 2023
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