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Collective Landscape Design：As humans expand their habitats, natural ecological structures (such as species) and ecological functions (such as material circulation) are inevitably disturbed and sometimes difficult to reproduce. In order to maintain the site characteristics, if we simply rely on some artificial covering and modification measures such as certain input and continuous maintenance, the consumption of such modification tends to increase in the broader space dimension and the longer time dimension.
Almost half of the original forest and farmland was replaced by residential areas. Among them, the life experience pavilion is planned and built in the mountains on the northeast side of the mountain. After completing the sales task, it will finally open to the public with the function of the cultural hall. The two remaining parts, the camphor cultivation forest belt and the original fish pond on the mountain, have become the landscape resources with local characteristics, and the lake-scenery is also a desired site feature in the city.
It has to be acknowledged that the use of “embellishment” means can create a desirable scene in a small area in the short term, but we also often see the loss of competitiveness due to the lack of maintenance of exotic valuable species; A forest path that is “occupied” by nature without clearing weeds in time; Because of energy consumption, the waterscape that only opens on major festivals every year is even abandoned due to disrepair …
If we want to maintain the site features such as green mountains and rivers for a long time, we may need to first realize that the internal stability of the ecology depends on the reproducibility of the composition and function of the ecological structure and implement the minimum human management.
▼开挖现状 Excavation status
地形 | 尽可能保留原有物种基数
Topographic | retains the original species base as much as possible
Ecological structures such as species, number of species, and distributed diversity are related to the ability of the ecosystem to resist disturbance. The more diverse the structure, the less the whole ecological chain will be affected by the destruction of a species or a region after the interference. Even if the disturbance affects the ecosystem, new ecological development direction will be generated spontaneously.
▼场地原始等高线 Original contour line
Before development, the local ecosystem is stable. Due to the demand of vehicle accessibility in residential areas A and B, the mountain between the two residential areas needs to be excavated. In order to retain the original species base as much as possible, we choose to excavate the saddle of the mountain and use vertical baffle wall instead of slope cutting to minimize the excavation.
▼车行道剖面图 Roadway Section
▼登山木栈道剖面图 Mountaineering plank road Section
The sidewalk road leading to the experience pavilion adopts an overhead wooden plank road, which reduces the interference to the original mountain and also provides the possibility for more plants to grow.
▼植被现状 Vegetation status
植物 | 动态联合
Plant | dynamic union
At the same time, we also need to introduce the time dimension into the design strategy, realizing that ecology is a complex whole with life. What we often refer to as “ecological balance” is not the rigid balance in a certain region at a certain point in time, but the sum of the development and decline of various patches in a certain region’s ecological environment over a long period of time.
▼植被孤岛现状 Current Situation of Vegetation Island
In the original site, there were isolated islands formed by the camphor group or the paulownia group. We hope to weave each isolated island into a whole through the strategy of mixing local tree species of different tree ages at the edge of the isolated island.
水文 | 修复物质循环
Combing the middle and lower ground cover, adding new shrub species, and planting in patchy mixed mode. In the next few years, after competition among varieties, the development and decline of varieties themselves and even the influence of animals, the ecosystem will spontaneously build up its adaptability to ” balance”.
Hydrological | repair material circulation
Due to the construction of the residential area, the catchment area of the lake body is about 1/3 less than the original. When the evaporation rate remains unchanged, the amount of water flowing into the lake body decreases, and the material circulation is difficult to balance. The water level will gradually decline.
▼水文现状 Hydrological status
We hope to restore the ecology of the lake area through the strategy of rebuilding material circulation. Collect road rainwater, which will enter the lake body after the biological purification of rainwater garden; Set up gullies on the northeast side of the mountain to collect the mountain runoff and enter the lake body after the water lily pond sinks into the sand. A stream connected to the water system outside the site at the northwest corner is brought into the reservoir after being oxygenated through the rock stage of the crab catching pool; In order to ensure the original surface runoff on the west side, sidewalk roads are set up in the form of overhead wooden plank roads.
▼水文策略 Hydrological strategy
▼总平面 Master Plan
▼雨水花园 Rain garden
▼捉蟹池 Crab-catching pond
Man and nature
In the design of the site around the life experience hall, we hope that people can experience the relationship with nature in a diversified way.
▼入口平台 Entrance Platform
▼VIP休憩厅 VIP Rest hall
▼眺望南山 Overlooking the mountain
▼枯山水庭院 Japanese karesansui garden
▼林中体验馆 Forest Experience Hall
▼生活体验馆放大平面 Life Experience Hall Plan
▼枯山水系列庭院放大平面 Japanese karesansui garden Plan
We hope to interweave nature and humanity through a series of Japanese karesansui garden, and connect the whole experience process. According to the shape and space property of each courtyard space, set specific stone and give it specific meaning.
▼枯山水系列庭院 The series of Japanese karesansui garden
「川」取自《管子 · 度地》里说“水之出于他水，沟流于大水及海者，命曰川水。” 由两块石头组成，实际是一块整石一刀为二，一做中心置石，承接雨水；二做石凳之用。
「启」庭院展现自然密林从片墙间流出，向建筑过渡的“启”点。据《山海经》记载，渤海之东有五座仙山，岱屿、员峤、方壶、瀛洲、蓬莱。庭院中由 2-3 种苔藓混种的五个独立绿岛分别象征五座仙山。从矮墙后溢出的“绿”像是源头，如水滴蔓延开时的动态。
“Chuan” is taken from《管子 · 度地》 and said, ” The water comes from other waters, and the channel flows through the water and sea, and the water is called Chuan. ” Is composed of two stones, is actually a whole stone a knife for two, a center stone, to undertake the rain; at the same time, it is used as a stone bench.
The “Yuan” is a further transition from outdoor to indoor, taking the meaning of hidden dragon in the book of changes as deep, and the courtyard is made of dark hemp gray gravel, symbolizing pool water. The six stones are grouped in groups of three, two and one to show the images of dragons emerging on the water. The faint texture on the rammed earth wall in the background suggests a rising sea of clouds.
The “Qi” courtyard shows the “start” point of the natural dense forest flowing out from between the walls to the building. According to Shanhaijing, there are five fairy mountains in the east of the Bohai Sea, Daiyu, Yuanjiao, Fanghu, Yingzhou and Penglai. Five independent green islands mixed with 2 – 3 mosses in the courtyard symbolize the five fairy mountains. The ” green” that overflows from the back of the low wall is like a source, such as the dynamics of water droplets as they spread.
▼夯土墙立面控制图 Rammed earth wall elevation
▼现场土壤状况 Site soil condition
From the original reddish-brown soil of the site, special texture is formed by layering and compacting.
▼枯山水庭院 Japanese karesansui garden
The Japanese karesansui garden design was finally completed by the July cooperative.
Project Name: YIWU PEACH BLOSSOM LAND
Address: Yiwu, Zhejiang province, China
Project Type: Exhibition area
Construction time: partial completion in December 2017
Covering an area of about 40,000 ㎡
Project teams: Zhang Haoqing, Liu Kun, Liang Yongde, Teng Wan, Li Jiaji and Gu Yueping
Architectural design: 9m design
Interior Design: NEWSDAYS
Lighting Design: ZhuoYing Lighting
Dry Landscape Design: July Cooperative
Photographer: Yao Li
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