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Turenscape : Huaiyang, formerly referred to as “Chen,” has a legendary history. According to tradition, the tribe leader of Dongyi, Taihao Fuxi, established his capital in Wanqiu. Subsequently, the Yan Emperor Shennong continued the town development and designated it as “Chen,” thus marking the commencement of this appellation. Longhu, also known as the “City Lake”, gradually took shape over the years through successive dike and city protection. For a thousand years, this expansive lake has encircled the ancient Huaiyang, with a surrounding dike stretching 14 kilometers and covering an area of 11 square kilometers. It is not only China’s largest inland city-surrounding lake but also a nationally designated wetland park. The city and water descriptions found in the “Book of Songs • Chen Feng” are still observable in present-day Huaiyang.
▽项目鸟瞰 Aerial view
Fuxi Cultural Park is located on the west bank of Longhu Lake, facing the ancient city to the east, Longdu Road to the west. To the north is the National Key Cultural Relics Protection Unit – Taihao Mausoleum Temple.The project encompasses a total land area of 430000 square meters, originally comprising two urban villages, Suhuayuan Village and Tianwan Village, both of which was built around the lake. The presence of dense buildings in these villages separated the city from the lake, resulting in a 2.1-kilometer long waterfront space that felt relatively closed. Its public attributes were not fully utilized, and the city’s “water is not visible” and “water is not hydrophilic”. The current hard and steep embankment has poor hydrophilicity, and the 2.1 kilometer hard embankment urgently needs to be repaired.
▽公园与周边环境 The park and its surroundings
With the aim of highlighting the visibilityof Mausoleum and the transparency of Lake, the design leverages existing resources to transform the site into a “breathing sponge city park”. Simultaneously, the design will orchestrate a harmonious balance between cultural tourism and public service functions, shaping Fuxi Cultural Park into a comprehensive urban park that seamlessly integrates ecological science education, leisure tourism, and cultural displaying.
▽“会呼吸”的海绵城市公园 “Breathable” sponge city park
现场挑战和目标 On-Site Challenges and objectives
The site is the transitional zone between Longhu Lake and the city, and achieving a balance between human activities and ecological protection is the core challenge facing the design. In addition, although the site is adjacent to Longhu Lake, the visibility of the lakeside water is poor, characterized by steep, hard embankments, and a degraded water environment. There is also a lack of open waterfront experience space. Creating a large substantial waterfront activity area while achieving the ecological improvement of Longhu Lake water is another primary design challenge.
▽滨水环境 Waterfront environment
The design aims to build an ecological construction demonstration area in the urban lake transition zone, breaking the boundaries between the city and the lake, and integrating blue and green. In the completed Fuxi Cultural Park, people can harmonize with water, engage in a dialogue with the landscape, and perhaps, as in the “Chen Feng• Ze Bei ” poem, sing: In that marshy lake, there is the bulrush and lotus and there is a beautiful person…….
▽与水为友，与景对话 Make friends with water and talk with scenery
设计策略 Design Strategies
Strategy 1: “Green Sponge” – Creating an ecological buffer zone between Longhu Lake and the city. Reduce the overall elevation of the park and create a large sponge system on the edge of Longhu Lake; On the one hand, this system will retain rainwater from the site and adjacent urban plots. On the other hand, it partially utilizes photovoltaic energy to pump lake water into the sponge system; Through wetland features, multiple water purification units will be formed, providing a safer source of landscape water.
▽公园“矩阵” Park “matrix”
Strategy 2, “Chen Feng Planting “- A planting design system based on the cultural foundation of “The Book of Songs: Chen Feng”. Arbor planting is mainly based on local trees with a high survival rate, while reducing flower shrubs with high maintenance costs, resulting in a natural and relaxed style. Main tree species include poplar, willow, locust, and Chinese toon, supplemented by suitable Chinese tallow, beech, and tassel. The aquatic vegetation in the park also reflectsthe “pool” and “Ze” landscapes of wild cattails and lotus in the Qingshui Pond in the “Book of Songs: Chen Feng”.
▽深入湿地 Deep wetland
Strategy 3, “Use earthwork skillfully”- Shaping earth into hills and hollows for water features.. Retracting the lake’s shore to expand the water surface, concealing elevated areas with building debris. Through earthwork balance, create a three-dimensional recreational experience that combines pool water and hills.
▽大型“宛丘” Large-scale “Wanqiu”
▽池水与山丘相结合的立体游憩体验 A three-dimensional recreation experience combining pool water and hill
▽游戏场景 Game scene
Strategy 4， ” Adaptable container” Utilizing Wanqiu’s spatial characteristics to form adaptable spatial containers . Wanqiu combines multi-functional grassy slopes, shallow water beaches, and retreating platforms to form 27 gardens within the park, integrating Fuxi culture, Liuhu culture, celebrity culture, and Su Garden history into the park, achieving a new generation of ancient charm.
▽圆形亲水空间 Circular hydrophilic space
▽圆形球场 Circular court
▽游乐场 Amusement park
Building order in chaos a great power of humanity, and this is science; perhaps equally great and mysterious is sensing chaos and change in order, which requires art and aesthetics. The unique order of “shaping earth into hills and using hollows for water features” in Fuxi Cultural Park provides visitors a mysterious spatial experience that links ancient and the future, interpreting a new way of cultural exploration.
▽近距离亲水步道 Close hydrophilic trail
委 托 方：周口市淮阳区住房和城乡建设局
Project title: Zhoukou Huaiyang Fuxi Cultural Park
Project name: Ecological Restoration and Scenic Area Enhancement Project of Longhu · Suhuayuan Tianwan Area in Huaiyang District, Zhoukou City
Project category: Landscape
Project phase: construction phase
Client: Zhoukou Huaiyang Housing and Urban Rural Development Bureau
Project location: Huaiyang District, Zhoukou City, Henan Province, China
Supporting unit：Standing Committee of the People’s Congress of Huaiyang District, Zhoukou /Huaiyang District Natural Resources Bureau of Zhoukou
Project area: 430,000 square meters
Design time: 2021-2022
Completion date: 2023
Design Department: Design six schools
Chief Designer: Yu Kongjian
Project leader: Wu Xiaodan, Jia Jianmin
Designers: Wu Xiaodan, Fang Yuan, Jia Jianmin, Ma Shuangzhi, Zong Jian, Yan Linlin, Zhang Hanjun, Li Jie, Tong Hui, Chen Lingxue, Xu Li, Zhou Jingfei, Wang Ziyuan, Liu Bingzhuo, Liu Xin, Kong Hailong, Shi Wen, Lu ‘an, Wang Lei, Sang Ya, Lei Chunxia
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