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BASE Landscape Architecture：在一个越来越多人沉浸在电子设备所带来的便捷的时代里，图书馆对于构建一个健康互联的社区有着不可估量的作用，它能为参观者提供去探索研究、体验新思想、沉浸在故事里的机会，可以带来探索欲与好奇心，以及独处和相聚的机会。2016年，加利福尼亚州费尔顿（Felton, CA）地区的领导人针对在创新型户外空间中培育上述相同的品质特征而齐聚一堂，这将补充完善起一个新的图书馆建筑和小溪边的场地。基于这些思路，费尔顿图书馆探索公园的想法便诞生了。
BASE Landscape Architecture: In a world increasingly experienced from behind the comfort of a device screen, libraries play an invaluable role in the building of a healthy, connected community. They give visitors an opportunity to explore research, experience new ideas, get lost in stories. They can provide a sense of wonder and curiosity; opportunities for both solitude and gathering. In 2016, local leaders of Felton, CA came together to cultivate these same qualities in an innovative outdoor space, one that would complement a new library building and creek-side location. It was in these threads that the idea for the Felton Library Discovery Park was born.
新图书馆的选址有重要的环境意义，流经场地的Bull溪是圣克鲁斯县（Santa Cruz County）内老红树林海岸圣洛伦佐河（San Lorenzo River）流域的一条支流。靠近溪流的地理位置不仅能恢复其活力，还能将未来的环境素养与管理计划编织进图书馆。
The new library would be located on an environmentally significant site. The property contains a stretch of Bull Creek, a tributary of the San Lorenzo River watershed in the old-growth redwood coasts of Santa Cruz County. The proximity of the creek provided a unique opportunity to not only restore its health, but also weave future environmental literacy and stewardship programs into the library.
Planning efforts began by engaging stakeholders and residents in a three-part series of design workshops and conversation. From this process, three major themes of importance emerged, evolving into the driving goals of design:
1. Create an outdoor extension of the new library building, one that continues its aesthetic and spirit of discovery. Provide opportunities for kids to engage with the local watershed, wildlife habitats, and larger environment in which they live.
2. Create pollinator habitat. Provide year-round sources of food and a healthy sanctuary for the struggling bee and pollinator populations within city space.
3. Improve the health of the existing creek embankment and floodplain, which was being channeled through a culvert and inundated with a growing monoculture of invasive species.
项目自2019年开始动工，设计所做出的特别努力将把对现有河流和漫滩的环境影响降至最低，项目施工前已获得加州鱼类和野生动物部（California Department of Fish & Wildlife）和中央海岸地区水质控制委员会（Central Coast Regional Water Quality Control Board）的许可。美国志愿队（AmeriCorps）的工作人员和志愿者们联合起来，一起清除了1万多平方英尺的入侵植被，取而代之的是本地的岸栖植物。生物学家们将原生林鼠及其巢穴迁移到工作边界之外。为解决水文问题，当局将现有涵洞改造为人行天桥，并采用透水路面以尽量减少雨水径流的淤积。
Construction began in 2019, with special efforts to minimize environmental impacts to the existing creek and floodplain. Prior to construction, permits were obtained from the California Department of Fish & Wildlife and the Central Coast Regional Water Quality Control Board. A combination of AmeriCorps staff and volunteers removed over 10,000 square feet of invasive vegetation, replacing them with native riparian plants. Biologists were engaged to relocate native wood rats and their nests to outside of the work boundaries. To address hydrological issues, an existing culvert was replaced with a pedestrian footbridge, and permeable surfaces were used to minimize increases in stormwater runoff.
Opened for use in 2020, the final park design features a wide pedestrian walk that strolls visitors through native riparian and pollinator demonstration gardens. Interpretive signs on pollinators and riparian ecology serve to inspire and teach kids about the natural world around them. An open play area provides log scrambles and rope structures for climbing and exploration. A human-scale nest invites kids to climb, play, and weave new materials in as they might observe wildlife doing in this shared riparian-park habitat. The park also features interactive exhibits with musical instruments to play together, and a human sundial to ignite curiosity. A wooden stage with grassy knoll amphitheater and pollinator plaza with benches provide gathering areas for storytimes and environmental literacy programs.
During this especially isolating time of the COVID pandemic, the park provides an invaluable resource to families looking for safe ways to engage their children outdoors. The park will serve as a model and teaching site for students, volunteers, and residents interested in learning about protecting and preserving the ecologies around them. By engaging families through teaching and play, the Felton Library Discovery Park lays the groundwork for healthy community building centered on a relationship with the natural world and a culture of care and environmental investment for generations to come.
项目技术指标 Project Specifications
Natural and permeable materials were prioritized throughout the park (making up 97% of the overall site area), to minimize impacts on the local watershed and adjacent creek. 94% of paving materials on site are permeable, including 5,124 sf permeable concrete, 527 sf gravel paving, 1,926 sf engineered wood mulch safety surfacing and 706 sf wood boardwalk, bridge, or stage. Impermeable surfaces include 144 sf stabilized decomposed granite and 366 sf of concrete including a maintenance driveway entrance and a precast concrete sundial feature. Eucalyptus wood curbs, sourced from a local recycling yard, were used instead of traditional concrete curbs along the main path.
Play structures and features are composed of natural materials. Climbing structures are composed of wood while a tot digging area utilizes crushed stone. Riparian restoration along the creek was implemented by Americorps staff and volunteers, removing 10,000 sf of invasive vegetation and replacing them with native riparian plants.
Environmental education exhibits along an interpretive loop trail, including a 3D model of the local watershed and informational signage on the local natural environment, encourage environmental literacy and stewardship among visitors. A local artist was engaged to develop informational signage, which included:
1. The Riparian Zone, A Vital Refuge
2. The Web of Life, Pollination and How It Works
3. Restoring Fires Natural Role
4. What Makes a Healthy Creek
5. Your Watershed, Your Water
面积: 18,360 平方英尺
设计公司: BASE Landscape Architecture, Inc.
主创设计师: Patricia Algara
BASE Landscape Architecture, Inc.
MME Civil + Structural Engineering
客户: 圣克鲁斯县, 开放空间和文化服务部
总承包: Thompson Builders Corp
讲解牌: Jane Bolling Design
摄影: Caitlin Atkinson
Project name: Felton Library Discovery Park
Completion Year: 2020
Project location: Felton, CA
Landscape/Architecture Firm: BASE Landscape Architecture, Inc.
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead Landscape Architects: Patricia Algara
BASE Landscape Architecture, Inc.
MME Civil + Structural Engineering
Clients: County of Santa Cruz Parks, Open Space and Cultural Services Department
Prime Contractor: Thompson Builders Corp
3D Model: LGM3D
Interpretive Panels: Jane Bolling Design
Photography: Caitlin Atkinson
Photographer’s website: http://caitlinatkinson.com/
更多 Read more about：BASE Landscape Architecture, Inc.