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Yazgan Design Architecture：Odunpazarı是土耳其埃斯基谢希尔市最大的历史中心区，该项目要求的更新改造Odunpazarı的Hamamyolu街道，重新诠释其社会文化、历史和视觉识别性，使其重新融入城市。虽然直到20世纪末，该街道还是一个“城镇中心”，但却失去了它的公共价值，这种情况导致城市南北关系变得更加弱化。
Yazgan Design Architecture：Odunpazarı Municipality, the biggest municipality in the city of Eskişehir in Turkey, requested a project for the regeneration of the Hamamyolu Street interpreting its socio-cultural, historical and visual identity, to reintegrate it into the city. While being a ‘town center’ until the end of 20th century, the street lost its public value and this situation caused the weakening of the relationship between the north and south side of the city.
It was aimed to use its potential as a town center which connects these two sides, to attract tourists and to transform it into a vibrant urban element not only serving tourists but also becoming an important part of daily life, thus benefitting tradesman through an economic revival and increasing the social sharing amongst the residents and users of the district.
▼项目总平图 Site Plan
Hamamyolu Urban Deck is an urban design project with 26.088 s.q.m land area and 1.050 s.q.m construction area. The project is a body of layers that generate multiple links with the city in a unique way. The most important link is a “macroscale link” with the city which reconnects the northern and southern parts of the city with a continuous pedestrian street.
The second link is a “green link” which breathes a new life into Hamamyolu Street. In addition to the existing 126 perennial trees; 50 new lindens, 262 new shrubs, 3877 new ivies, 3066 new ground cover plants, 585 new grass areas are added in order to create a “green belt” from south to north.
For an uninterrupted pedestrian movement along south and north sides of the city, the road which is crossing Hamamyolu Street is overpassed by a bridge which is also used as an open art museum where the local identity is exposed and exhibited.
▼艺术桥平面&剖面 Art Bridge Plan&Section▼艺术桥梁博物馆鸟瞰 Art Bridge Aerial View▼艺术桥梁博物馆 Art Museum
Odunpazarı district is known for its glass production workshops, where the local tradition of glass manufacture is still alive and active. Many artisans produce handcrafts which are exhibited and sold within the city. One of the inspiration and cultural link for Hamamyolu Project comes from this local glass production. A unique type of urban axis is implemented into the project as a 1.2 km long pedestrian path, with 2 cm wide linear led light beam that passes through the centre, and with hand-made glasses embedded to white cement. 22.000 pieces of local handmade glass in total were embedded into the ground. This unique combination of materials also helps to enhance the local economy by creating a new type of usage for glass. In addition, the linear led light beam emphasizes the continuity of the urban axis by making it visible. The urban axis is shaped with respect to existing trees.
▼玻璃轴-局部嵌玻璃水泥 Glass axis-local glass embedded cement
Urban links between the urban deck and the surrounding context are created by connecting to the 11 existing passages on Hamamyolu and surrounding streets. While these connections are emphasized with glass embedded white cement in the entrances, the connection with the streets is highlighted through the color change of wooden floorings.
One of the demands of the people of Eskişehir is to increase the number and variety of the café and seating areas in Hamamyolu. Various types of cafés are created and differentiated with their concept. Roofs of the cafés are covered with greenery and connected to the ground with steps which also work as multipurpose amphi providing more seating areas. The capacity of free urban seating increased from 1.000 to 5.000 which encourages visitors to spend more time in Hamamyolu.
One of the most prominent and enjoyed feature of the Hamamyolu Urban Deck is to become a fun environment, containing numbers of different playgrounds such as trampolines, stone pools, amphies, etc. for different age groups. Other than the playgrounds and the facilities designed particularly for children, the whole urban deck itself becomes a playground for everyone with its three-dimensional use. Various playgrounds are integrated into Hamamyolu such that “play” is mixed with the natural flow of everyday life.
The use of water elements are valued due to its historical context. There are three types of pools that are designed with different states of water in different forms and dimensions: bowl pigeon pool, stone pools and steam pool. The location of the steam pool is chosen to emphasize the area of historical Turkish baths “Hamam” in which the site name comes from. The pigeon pool that is made up of free form handmade glasses which are embedded to elevated concrete bowl is placed to a specific location where pigeons used to drink water.
“A free multipurpose art museum”, which is open to two sides, is designed in the middle of the bridge-passageway, establishing a “cultural link” to the city. Wooden sculptures designed by wood artists for International Wooden Sculpture Festival, and glass and ceramic works that are produced in Odunpazarı Glass Ateliers are being exhibited in this museum. The juxtaposition of art-play-production-exhibition-greenery-relaxation-activities and different age groups reveals itself in the bridge museum as well as in the whole area.
“Hamamyolu Urban Deck”项目的主要目的是将旧中心以全新的方式带回城市，并与城市建立多种联系，将各种不同的元素融入城市空间，让各个年龄段的人都享受到社交的乐趣，将这些元素自然地融入生活中，并创造一个可以每天体验新发现的城市生活背景空间。
The main purpose of “Hamamyolu Urban Deck” project is to bring the old center back to the city with a fresh manner, to create multiple links with the city and to incorporate unique elements that become social enjoyments for people of all ages into the urban space, to include these elements in the flow of life naturally, and to create a background for urban life with the spaces that can be experienced by rediscovering everyday.
设计：Yazgan Design Architecture
照片：Soner Simsek, Yunus Ozkazanc
项目使用的品牌/产品：TherraWood、Isiklar Tugla、Fiberli LED照明
Project name: Hamamyolu Urban Deck
Design year & Completion Year: 2016 & 2018
Project location: Eskisehir / Turkey
Landscape Area: 25.000 sqm
Clients: Odunpazari Municipality
Design: Yazgan Design Architecture
Photo credits: Soner Simsek, Yunus Ozkazanc
Brands / Products used in the project: TherraWood, Isiklar Tugla, Fiberli LED Lighting
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