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BATLLE I ROIG:这是一项在伊瓜拉达的全球绿色环项目框架内进行的改造工作,其目的是在城市周边以绿化带的形式创建一系列步行和自行车路线。这条新的绿色可持续交通基础设施旨在城市周边建立一个环境友好、适合休闲活动的自由空间网络,并在一定程度上适应和恢复目前未被充分利用或退化的空间。从这方面来看,石膏矿道路改造意味着要全部囊括这165公里的路段,目前。我们已经完成了其中800米。

BATLLE I ROIG:The work is framed within the global project of the Igualada’s Green Ring, which aims at creating a set of pedestrian and bicycle itineraries in the form of a green belt on the perimeter of the city. This new green sustainable mobility infrastructure aims at establishing a network of perimeter free spaces, apt for environmentally friendly leisure activities, adapting and recovering, to great extent, currently underused or degraded spaces. In this context, the gypsum mines path implies the adaptation of a 1,65km section, of which 800 meters have already been accomplished.

 

© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río

 

该路径经过的自然空间处于高度退化状态,因为其底土中现有石膏的具有极强提取作用(可用于制作Pelfort和Claret干红葡萄酒),后来这项活动停止后,该地区就被用作了城市废物转运站。到70年代末这项活动停止后,该地区一直被遗弃,没有进行任何恢复或修补行动。

该项目有两个主要目标:一个是连接,实现这一全球绿色环的连续性,作为城市和蒙特塞拉特山的主要视觉景观特色,并创建一系列的可停留空间;第二个是景观和生物多样性的恢复,建立必要的元素来产生新的活力,通过节水逐步改善环境条件。

The natural space through which the path passes has a highly degraded state. It was subjected to intense extractive activity of existing plaster in its subsoil (Guixeres of the Claret and Pelfort). Afterwards, once this activity ceased, the area was used as a municipal waste transfer station. Towards the late 70s this activity also ceased and the area was abandoned without any type of recovering or mending action.

The project has two main objectives: one of connectivity, achieving the continuity of this global green ring recognizing the main visuals about the city and Montserrat mountain, and generating a sequence of areas of stay; and a second of landscape and biodiversity recovery, establishing the necessary elements to generate a new dynamic in the place that progressively improves its environmental conditions through the profit of water.

 

© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río

 

该方案利用现有的平台来保护绿环这一新的部分。路径主要设置在外部梯度上,以便人们观赏伊瓜拉达市的景色。

该方案的几何式布局使得新路径能够在接近现有的植被和阴凉去或特定视点的同时,完美地适应平台的多样性。与此同时,这条道路将一些小的休闲区,战略性地安置在视野最优越的地区。这段路的终点是一个悬在山上的户外观景台,在这里,你可以看到Anoia和蒙特塞拉特山的全景。

该方案的创新之处在于传统道路建设解决方案的技术化,在可达性、可视性、耐久性和恢复环境自然化方面有更大表现,在环境干预方面也能实现最优成本比和最大的效率。

The proposal uses the existing platform to configure this new section of the green ring. It’s path is mainly laid out over the exterior gradient to foster views over the city of Igualada.

The geometry deployed for the proposal enables the new path to adapt perfectly to the inconsistencies of the platform while it can come close to the existing vegetation and shadows or foster certain viewpoints. At the same time, the path is completed with a number of small living areas strategically placed on the most privileged areas. This section of the path ends in a final observation deck cantilevering over the mountain providing a panoramic view of the Anoia and Montserrat Mountain.

The proposal’s innovation lies in the technification of conventional solutions for path construction, in order to accomplish greater performance regarding accessibility, visibility, durability and re-naturalization of the environment, with an optimum cost ratio and maximum e ciency regarding environmental footprint.

 

▼悬在山上的观景台可以看到Anoia和蒙特塞拉特山的全景 The observation deck cantilevering over the mountain providing a panoramic view of the Anoia and Montserrat Mountain.

© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río

 

技术化路径 Defining the technical path model

该路径的技术化改善了其相对于传统解决方案的性能,且有助于周围环境的再生和再自然化:

通过沟渠和挡水区域的排水系统,更大胆地利用天然水对周围环境进行再自然化。某些特定能力人群还可以在这条1.2米宽的包容性混凝土带上散步休闲,盲人也可以沿着这条铺好的边缘一直走到蒙特塞拉特山上的观景台。

部分可以聚集的路径表面解决了水和包容性的问题。两者之间的比例使得道路在适应其环境发同时,还能继续保持如此性质,以及高效的利用所用材料。

The path’s technification improves its performance over conventional solutions and helps regenerate and re-naturalize the surroundings:

The draining system proposed through ditches and retaining areas allows for a bolder re-naturalization of the surroundings taking advantage of runo water. The inclusive fringe, a 1.2m wide concrete ribbon, makes the promenade accessible to certain groups of people. At the same time, the border of this paved fringe can be followed by blind people all the way to Montserrat’s observation deck.

Solving the issues with water and inclusiveness, part of the path’s surface can be aggregate. The proportion between both allows the road to continue having a so nature, appropriate for its context. At the same time, it supposes an extremely e cient use of materials.

 

© BATLLE I ROIG ARQUITECTURA

 

技术化路径——水作为建筑材料 A technified path-Water as material of construction

水是一种宝贵的资源,需要用智慧来管理。根据这一想法,我们设计了一种新的排水系统,该系统除了可控制超高水位之外,还可以利用其大部分渗入地形的优势来产生新的潮湿区域。

这里沿着整条路径延伸的蔬菜沟,可收集山坡和小路上的水。沿着这条沟,我们可以找到许多潮湿的场地,此处植物的生长优势会更加明显。蔬菜沟由石墙建造而成,目的是为了保持和培育土壤,减少侵蚀,让水分渗入土壤。随着时间的推移,水会成为道路的建筑材料之一,成为该地区重新自然化的催化剂。

Water is a valuable resource to be managed with intelligence. According to this idea, the proposal lays out a new draining system that on top of controlling super cial waters, aims at taking advantage in ltrating most of it into the terrain to generate new humid areas.

A vegetable ditch follows the whole path collecting water from the hill’s slope and the path itself. Along this ditch we can find a number of humid spots where vegetation can develop with greater determination. This is achieved via construction of a number of stone walls aiming at retaining and foster runo s, reducing erosion and allowing the in ltration of the soil’s water. Water becomes one more of the path’s building material along time, becoming the catalyst of the place’s re-naturalization.

© BATLLE I ROIG ARQUITECTURA
© BATLLE I ROIG ARQUITECTURA
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río

 

© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
© Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río

 

 

© BATLLE I ROIG ARQUITECTURA

 

 

项目名称:伊瓜拉达老石膏矿景区小径
完成:2018年
设计面积:5600平方米米/ 长800
项目地点:伊瓜拉达,巴塞罗那

景观公司:BATLLE I ROIG ARQUITECTURA
公司网址:www.batlleiroig.com
联系邮箱:communication@batlleiroig.com
首席建筑师:Enric Batlle, Joan Roig, Iván Sánchez
设计团队:
Mario Súñe, Simone Cicu, Marta Sanz – 建筑师
Yago Cavaller -农业工程师和环保主义者
Dolors Feu -农业工程师和景观设计师
Elisabeth Torregrossa – 建筑工程师

客户:伊瓜拉达市议会
合作:STATIC – Structural Engineering
摄影:©Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río

Project name: Scenic Path along Igualada’s Old Gypsum Mines
Completion Year: 2018
Design Area: 5.600 sq. m / 800 long
Project location: Igualada, Barcelona
Landscape Firm: BATLLE I ROIG ARQUITECTURA
Website: www.batlleiroig.com
Contact e-mail: communication@batlleiroig.com
Lead Architects: Enric Batlle, Joan Roig, Iván Sánchez
Design Team:
Mario Súñer, Simone Cicu, Marta Sanz – Architects
Yago Cavaller – Agricultural Engineer & Environmentalist
Dolors Feu – Agriculture Engineer & Landscape Designer
Elisabeth Torregrossa – Building Engineer
Clients: Igualada City Council
Collaborators: STATIC – Structural Engineering
Photo credits: ©Jordi Surroca & Gael del Río
更多 Read more about: BATLLE I ROIG ARQUITECTURA

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