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Rusanov ured:帕普克是罗地亚东部的一座山,位于波热加山谷北部和西北部的边界地带。阵亡士兵纪念园的设计背景是基于1991年12月2日发生的一起悲剧事件,士兵被隐喻地看作是直指天空的立杆,这象征着对英雄们不朽而永恒的记忆。每根立杆可以看作是士兵个体的化身,矗立在高地上的11根立杆被分为两组:9 + 2的形式代表着当年的大事记。

Rusanov ured: Papuk is a mountain in eastern Croatia, on the north and northwest border of Požega valley.  The inspiration for the solution of the layout of the fallen soldiers memorial on Papuk is following the tragic event happened on 2 December 1991. Veterans are metaphorically seen as verticals aiming to the sky and at the same time symbolizing their immortality and eternal memory of heroes. Each vertical is also the personification of individual veterans. The total of 11, are positioned on the plateau in two groups: 9 + 2 which suggest the chronology of events.

 

© Damir Fabijanić

 

9根纪念立杆表示士兵巡逻队,这个巡逻队当天的任务是调动克罗地亚陆军总参谋部支队的两名队员,另外2根纪念杆则代表了当天听到枪炮声后赶过去帮助巡逻队的司令官。在这两组纪念杆之间,有一个放花圈和蜡烛的台子。

9 memorial verticals belongs to soldiers patrol that on that day had a task to transfer two employees of Detachment of the General Staff of the Croatian Army – Samobor: Vinko Tomašević, Davor Dragić, Tomo Perić, Tomislav Pranjković, Ivica Zlomislić, Branko Peći, Damir Pišmiš, te Tomislav Vužić Mohenski i Anđelko Tule and 2 verticals that are by its location separated from the rest belongs to two veterans who set out to help patrol when they heard gunshots: battalion by-commander Jozo Koutni i Tade Nikić. Between the two groups, there is a stand for laying a wreath and candles.

 

© Damir Fabijanić

 

就在纪念杆的正前方有一块铭牌,上面写着所有阵亡士兵的名字。通往纪念园的道路东西两侧有两个标志,昭示着纪念园的入口。纪念空间的路面铺设着颗粒大小为4-8毫米的深灰色砾石,场地内不平坦的地形上并未设置梯步,采用放坡处理便于残疾人进出。

Just before the memorial verticals, there is a memorial plaque with the names of all veterans. The entrance to the memorial is marked by two memorial markings on the road leading to memorial on the east and west. The surface of the new memorial space is covered with dark gray gravel, 4-8 mm granulate. The existing uneven terrain on which the memorial space is positioned is straightforward for easier access for people with disabilities.

 

© Damir Fabijanić

 

一块10毫米厚,80×150厘米的耐候钢垂直板将纪念园与周围的林地划分开来,垂直板的底部也是用相同的材料制成,上面还刻着阵亡士兵的名字。摆放花圈和蜡烛的台子也是由10毫米厚的耐候钢制成,有一块折叠板和一个底座。折叠板的上部是规格为88×80厘米,倾角21°的倾斜面,上面焊接了一个挂钩,可以挂纪念花环;折叠板的底部是水平的,可以放11支蜡烛,纪念11位在战争中倒下的士兵。

The element that clearly distinguishes the memorable space from the surrounding grassy area includes a 80 x 150 cm vertical barrier made of a 10mm thick corten. The vertical plate with the names of the fallen soldiers and the bottom of the board in the same material.  The stand for wreath and candles is made of a 10 mm thick corten, consisting of a folded horizontal board measuring 88 x 80 cm at a 21° angle and its base in the same material. At the top of the board there’s a welded crown hook holding the wreath. The bottom of the plate is leveled to accommodate 11 candles – one for each fallen soldier.

 

© Damir Fabijanić
© Damir Fabijanić

 

这些纪念杆均以数字11为导向:一共11根杆子,直径11厘米,高度11米,都是用无光泽不锈钢做成的高杆,每一根个性化的杆子上都刻有士兵的名字。这样,除了让整个纪念空间都成为一个纪念碑之外,每个人也都被赋予了极大的重要性。

The memorial verticals follow the symbol of number 11: there is altogether 11 verticals with diameter of 11 cm and the height of 11 m. These are high tubes made of mat inox. Each vertical is personalized and carries the name of a particular soldier. This way, apart from the fact that the entire memorial space is a monument, extreme importance to every individual is given.

 

© Damir Fabijanić

 

▼纪念园雪景  The snow scene of memorial.

© Rusanov ured

 

 

项目名称:帕普克阵亡士兵纪念园
设计公司:Rusanov ured
设计团队:Andrija Rusan, Nikolina Mikuličić, Petra Franić, Miloš Košanin
完成时间:2017年
占地面积:263 m²
项目地点:克罗地亚帕普克
照片来源:Damir Fabijanić

Project name: The fallen soldiers memorial Papuk
Architectural firm: Rusanov ured
Design team: Andrija Rusan, Nikolina Mikuličić, Petra Franić, Miloš Košanin
Completion year: 2017
Gross built area: 263 m²
Project location: Papuk, Croatia
Photo credits: Damir Fabijanić

 

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