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cómo crear historias：“El Coso”是Cehegin(西班牙穆尔西亚地区)小镇旧城区后面一个巨大的空间。它以前是一个顺应山坡而建的住宅居民区，在20世纪50年代的一场大暴风雪之后，许多房屋倒塌被毁，留下了大片的倾斜空地。这里曾是许多家庭的家园，可以看到美丽的农田和果园景观，它仍然附着在人们的记忆中，但在物质层面上它正在恶化：一片高度不一、杂乱不堪的街道，陡峭斜坡不再适合居住。除此之外，Cehegin的旧城区似乎缺少宜居的花园，城市也需要通过它们来呼吸空气。实现这一目标似乎是一项艰巨的任务，因为这项行动将需要大量的水，而穆尔西亚地区的水资源非常有限。
cómo crear historias：Known as “El Coso”, the place was a great void at the back of the old part of the town, called Cehegín (in the Region of Murcia, Spain). Formerly it was a neighborhood with dwellings adapted to the slopes of the hill. After a big snow storm in the 1950s, many of these houses collapsed or were damaged, leaving that big, sloped empty space. With beautiful views on the landscape of crop fields and orchard, this place was the home of several families. It was still attached to the memories of the people but it was deteriorating in the physical plane. It was a great mess of disconnected streets with height differences, uninhabitable for its steep slopes. Besides this, the old part of Cehegín seemed to lack inhabitable gardens, and the city needs to breathe through them. Achieving this seemed a dificult task. That operation would require large amounts of water, and the Region of Murcia has very limited wáter resources.
How can we optimize the use of water in order to achieve the growth of all the plants in a park? We collect the rain water and the waste water in the high part of the site. We use the height differences to make the water go along purifying ponds with river plants (macrophytes). At the end of the circuit we obtain recycled water for irrigating an inhabitable garden, a jungle with its own micro-climate.
The first thing to do was to locate the streets that were disconnected. There are streets that accede the site in 9 points in different conditions. We also located the so called “desire paths”, made by the footsteps of the neighbours. Then we traced the paths based on those footprints on the ground, connecting the streets on the borders and merging those paths with the purifying ponds system.
▼平面图 Master plan
We hid a building in a pocket of the walk path, integrated into the paths and platforms network. At some point, the Municipality decided to dedicate this building to host a business incubator. This way, the park will be able to produce new jobs and recycled water, two important and scarce resources, given the current situation of the town and the Region. We defined a system and turned it into a project that was able to solve the particular issues of that area, such as topographical problems or lack of water. The system can be easily transferred to other places even at a different scale. We only have to place ponds with local riparian plants, which naturally clean the water of the rivers.
▼花园植物示意 Garden plants
▼雨水循环分析 Water cycle analysis
It is a social integration landscape, and evens the rights of the people, by connecting different city points that previously were unconnected or hard to walk, by establishing easy slopes for disabled persons. The contractor and the municipal officials were able to contract local workers for developing many of the tasks. Even several of them were former inhabitants of the dwellings that collapsed in that neighborhood. During the excavation works, the operators found the remains of a wine cellar dated from XVIII century. The park integrated this finding into the pathway network. One of the ponds was turned into a horizontal window. From there everyone can enjoy archeology and see the earthenware jars where the wine was produced and stored.
The system sets an example of how water should be treated, and can actively involve the neighbours in the objective of saving water. It shows them how we can make a garden with limited resources, a microclimate and a enriched ecosystem within the limits of the old town. Besides the production and use of the water, the installation takes advantage of the physical configuration of the site by placing the ponds following the natural slope and optimizing the use of the electric pump. Being wild plant systems, maintenance will be reduced to 15 or 20 days of one gardener work, that should clear filters, open and close the valves and mow the plants.
Further on the system relies on elements that limit costs giving the result of a highly optimized installation. It is conceived as a controlled wild space that establishes relations with its surroundings, integrating its own life cycle. Plants will be the most important constructive element from an aesthetic point of view. The park is integrated into the town. It is respectful with the existing topography, and the surrounding buildings. It doesn’t modify the town’s skyline from a distant or near view. In fact from a point of view on the orchards and crop fields, the park is completely hidden. It is a surprise for the walker to discover an oasis in the middle of a intricate urban area.
The result is a garden that produces water, where flora attracts fauna. Until the present day we confirm the presence of cats, frogs, swifts, pigeons, and a number of different kinds of insects. They have stablished the park as a part of their living routine. They contribute with their movements and sounds to those produced by the leaves, water and the neighbours with their daily duties and in their constant walking through “El Coso” to the other side.
▼孵化园室内空间 Interior space
建筑和技术建设管理：Monica Garcia Fernandez和Javier Rubio Montero (cómo crear historias)
工料测量师：Patricia Leon de la Cruz
承包商：Jose Diaz Garcia S.A.
机械工程：AGM ingenieros, Jose Alberto Garcia Fernandez
安全与卫生协调员：Antonio Martínez Sánchez
施工周期：2011 – 2015
Project Name: “El Coso” garden and business incubator.
Project Location: Cehegín, Murcia, Spain (2003-2015)
Architects and technical construction management: Mónica García Fernández and Javier Rubio Montero (cómo crear historias)
Quantity surveyor: Patricia León de la Cruz
Contractor: Jose Diaz Garcia S.A.
Structural engineering: Dolores Romám
Mechanical engineering: AGM ingenieros, José Alberto García Fernández
Safety and health coordinator: Antonio Martínez Sánchez
Owner/ developer: Municipality of the city of Cehegín
Photographs: David Frutos
Total area: 4.436 m2
Budget (Materials and execution works): 3.111.262 €
Project start date: 2003
Construction period: 2011-2015
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