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ZSYZ Studio: Longji Village is one of the volcanic stone villages in the north of Hainan. Located along the hill, Tongde Hall and Jiangxing Ancestral Hall were built in the Ming and Qing Dynasty in the form of Shiheyuan, featuring the lifting beam structure of timber and volcanic stone. The plaque on the front gate of Tongde Hall was inscribed by Zhang Yuesong, the advanced scholar called ”Jinshi” in the Qing Dynasty.
废墟式保护 “Umbrella” for the Ruins
Only a little more than a ruin, the two separate ancestral halls have nearly no roof above and only some broken walls left. They have obviously lost the high-status dignity submerged in the crowded concrete houses.
We have tried to repair it as old as before, and spent a lot of time and energy on high-accuracy mapping, crafts verifying and 3D restoration modeling, but the results are not as expected. From the 3D restoration model, we can see the inner space was coarse and gloomy due to the limited technique of processing big thick lava stones and making openings on the envelope of the masonry structure, despite the hard efforts of the ancestors on constructing with local materials when they just arrived on the island. If it is repaired as old as before , will it adapt to the new village that has developed rapidly in urbanization? Can the limited time and budget meet up the demands? Why not retaining the beauty of vicissitudes rather than hasty and rough repairing that may produce artificial irreversible damages to it? The strategy of building a protection for the ruins may be more appropriate for this project.
▼原状 Site Conditions
▼废墟式保护 “Umbrella” for the Ruins
为“族长”加冕 To Crown the “Emeer”
We are committed to the regain of the former glory of the ancient ancestral halls, the “Emeer” of the village. To crown them again as the prominent landmark in the village, an innovative cable-suspended steel-timber frame system with tall wood columns and a 965㎡ glass roof are structured to connect the two relics as one. 78 wood columns form a matrix integrated with a flexible but stable steel cable structure to protect the ancestral halls, and it holds up a giant umbrella to save the relics from the rain. The towering banyan trees inside the courtyard are carefully reserved climbing outside the roof, and their dreamlike reflections on the wall dance tranquilly in the sunshine.
▼965平方米玻璃顶 A 965㎡ glass roof
The design worked out a way of rebirth for low level historic relics in limited time and with limited cost. The strong contrast between the old volcanic stone walls and the newly-built steel and wood tensile space structure represents the civilization collision of Hainan, which is developing from a traditional island to the international free trade port.
▼78根海南第一名木“坡垒”形成的柱阵 78 wood columns form a matrix integrated with a flexible but stable steel cable structure
▼总平面图 Project plan
▼一层平面图 Ground floor plan
▼柱式爆炸图/柱式轴侧图 Exploded drawing/Axonometric
建筑设计：万朋朋 高一明 谷依琪 黄刚 等
结构设计：付维舟 邢笑天 等
机电设计：袁剑南 邓明超 等
施工管理：章宁 曾飞洪 侯敏劲 刘志军 等
木构营造：徐诗意 马启明 汪洪根 钱东平 徐兆元 等
钢构幕墙：胡伟 白华军 等
Project Name: Tongde Hall
Project Area: 953 square meters
Project Location: Longji Village, Laocheng Town, Chengmai County, Hainan Province
Architectural Design: ZSYZ Studio
Contact Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead Designer: Ye Man
Architectural Design Team: Wan Pengpeng, Gao Yiming, Gu Yiqi, Huang Gang, etc
Structural Design Team: Fu Weizhou, Xing Xiaotian, etc
M&E Design Team: Yuan Jiannan, Deng Mingchao, etc
Construction Management: Zhang Ning, Zeng Feihong, Hou Minjin, Liu Zhijun, etc
Wood Construction: Xu Shiyi, Ma Qiming, Wang Honggen, Qian Dongping, Xu Zhaoyuan, etc
Steel Curtain Wall: Hu Wei, Bai Huajun, etc
Client/Developer: Chengmai County Old Town People’s Government
Photographer: Chen Ming, Ye Man
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