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CAUPD+AEPA&TSC：Huangguoshu Scenic Area (hereinafter referred to as “the scenic spot”) is located at the intersection of west Guizhou Scenic Tourism Circle and Guiyang-Anshun-Xingyi Scenic Tourism Belt. The scenic spot can be described as world-renowned. In 1982, it was selected as the first batch of national scenic spots, and in 2019, it was included in the World Heritage Reserve List. With demand of the tourists is increasing, the facilities and venues in the scenic area have been unable to carry the average flow of tens of millions of people each year. Therefore, it is imperative to upgrade the infrastructure of the scenic spot.
As a key project for improving the infrastructure of the scenic area, this project focuses on comprehensively renovating and upgrading the entrance areas of the two core scenic areas of Huangguoshu – the Great Waterfall and Tianxing Bridge. The project planed to optimize the functions of the tourist center and tourism organization mode, so that it could meet the needs of Huangguoshu tourists in the new era.
▽项目鸟瞰 Aerial view
大瀑布景区 Waterfall Scenic Area
现状问题 present situation
The Great Falls is the core area of the scenic area and A well-known must-go spot. With the increase in traffic in recent years, the facilities in the scenic area have been far from meeting the demand. The basic demands of first party, who has been troubled for years, have clarified the main contradiction points: ①Enhance entrance distribution and service functions; ②Optimize the organization of entrance transportation routes; ③Create the initial landscape intention for sightseeing.
Before the upgrade, the area of the entrance square was too small, and vehicles were mixed. The one-way shuttle bus drop-off and pick-up area was completely opposite to the entrance. The tourist distribution area was also squeezed by the shuttle bus parking lot. In the result, shuttle buses, taxis, and social vehicles mess up together. In the peak tourist season, the flow of tourists per day is less than 50000, so the staff have no choice but to pull a wall staff to maintain order.
In addition, the total area of the original bathroom is only 50 square meters. The restaurant street operated by villagers on the south side of the site has greasy and messy chimneys, as well as potential safety hazards caused by soliciting customers. All of those problems are exacerbating the already chaotic traffic situation.
▽大瀑布景区现状分析 Analysis of current situation of Great Falls Scenic spot
重塑场地 优化流线 Remodeling and Optimize Streamline
To solve the above problems, the scenic area planning prohibited the social vehicles and travel agency buses from entering the core scenic area by the way of building new roads and setting up toll gates, and guaranteed the smooth running of the core scenic area buses.
After many rounds of discussion, the design team decided to adopt an environment-oriented, opportunistic diversion approach to solve the traffic problems among different flow lines, and to drive the functional distribution with flow lines. As the location of the park entrance and exit is opposite to the vehicular flow line and cannot be changed, in order to solve the problem of crossing the incoming and outgoing pedestrian flow lines, by analyzing the original topography, taking advantage of the situation that the park entrance is about five meters higher than the entrance, the height difference forms two three-dimensional tourist flow lines. The vehicles for inbound passengers arrive at the bottom pick-up area and then wait in line in the parking area for the returning tourists on the high place, so that the pedestrians and vehicles are completely separated and no longer conflict.
▽大瀑布方案推导 Derivation of the Great Waterfall scheme
▽近处鸟瞰 Aerial view
▽建筑在清晨静静等待游客的到来 The building awaits visitors in the early morning
▽入口集散广场 Entrance distribution square
▽游客中心入口 Visitor center entrance
The tourist center incorporates a form of earth architecture, integrating its functional core into the green slope. The Visitor Center, the management house, and the refugee canteen are arranged respectively along each side and the end of the flow line, not only paying attention to the original landform, but also minimizing the amount of earthwork engineering.
A differential in foot traffic allows different functions such as reception, ticketing, inquiry and catering to be differentiated. Passengers entering the tourist center are divided into layers, and multiple toilets are provided on each floor to solve the long-waiting problem. Catering services have been adjusted to the return exit area and hidden in the underground landscape of shop building. On the one hand, the entrance width is limited to reduce the impact of attracting customers, and on the other hand, avoid crossing with the passenger flow line.
▽回望入口与山谷 Look back at the entrance and the valley
▽蜿蜒屋顶 Meandering roof
▽檐下空间 Under-eaves space
▽通向返程候车区的通道 Access to the return waiting area
山水之意 天地相融 Mountains and Rivers Blends with Heaven
The tourist center is the first impression of the tourist tour sequence. Planning the overall concept in accordance with the mountain and water of Baishuihe River, it condenses the regional natural forms such as waterfall, mountain foot and flowing water with organic flowing lines, and integrates into nature by taking the mountain and water into account. The architectural design extracts the local folk building method, and integrates the local mountain and water, brick and tile atmosphere in terms of modeling and material.
The entrance and exit flow lines are covered by two nearly 400 meter long slate tile sloping roofs, which meander and flow in the shape of a flowing Baishui River. They dissolve the building volume and integrate with the surrounding natural environment. The management and catering street houses are covered with green plants at different elevations, hidden in the mountains.
▽项目随笔插画 Project essay illustration
▽白水河般蜿蜒的屋顶 Roofs winding like whitewater rivers
天星桥景区 Tianxingqiao Scenic Area
现状问题 present situation
The Tianxing Bridge is also one of the core scenic spots of Huangguoshu, which is famous for its colorful and magical beauty and is also the shooting location of Journey to the West. With the development of the scenic spot, the problems of the inadequate functions in the entrance area, the traffic congestion and the messy style are increasingly prominent. The scenic area managers hope to upgrade the whole transformation of the Tianxing Bridge entrance area, strengthen the protection of the entrance and surrounding scenery resources, optimize the traffic organization of the tour hub, improve the service level of the tourist center and enhance the viewing experience of the entrance landscape, so as to make its functions serve the tour and melt the site into the scenery.
▽天星桥景区现状分析 Current situation analysis of Star Bridge Scenic Spot
净化交通 功能升级 Purifying traffic and Remodeling function
Through the cleaning of the site and the alleviation of the traditional catering functions that have a great impact on the ecological environment, space is freed up for upgrading entrance guiding, inquiry, popular science display, rest tea break and other diversified service functions; In terms of traffic organization, the four-meter height difference between the exit and the entrance is used to form a three-dimensional traffic system, and the shuttle bus single ring line will no longer intersect with the upper and lower passenger areas. The inflow of people into the scenic spot enters the first floor hall, and the outflow of people leaves through the roof, thus solving the contradiction of cross collision of people and vehicle flow in three-dimensional traffic form. Combined with the outward flow line, the viewing platform is set up, and the catering is set up on the extending platform to increase the possibility of staying. The whole flow line still covers the winding slope roof, ensuring the function of wind and rain protection in the entrance and exit ticketing and waiting area, while responding to the trend of mountains, forests, rivers and water.
▽天星桥方案推导 Derivation of the Star Bridge scheme
▽优化后功能流线分析 Functional streamline analysis after optimization
▽顶视场地 Top field of view
▽总体鸟瞰 Aerial view
水乳交融，石林共生 The harmony between water and stone forest.
The architectural design features a complete roof system design, with the overall roof shape resembling a mountain and stream in harmony with the landscape design. Parts of the roof are elegantly curled up. The landscape design draws inspiration from the unique natural scenery of the Tianxingqiao Scenic Area and the poetic style of: “Graceful fragrance wafts, lush greenery lights up the vista. A stone stands for two ears, hundreds of vines crawling across.” In this design, green islands serve as the “forest”, paved land as the “water”, and building as the “stone”, thus creating an overall landscape of mountain and stream blended together in harmony and stone forest coexisting.
▽半鸟瞰 Aerial view
▽游客中心全貌 General view of the Visitor Center
During the design and construction processes, all existing trees on the site have been preserved, and incorporated in the new landscape and building design. This breaks the relationship of fragmentation and opposition between architecture and landscape and integrates their spaces, functions, and scenes. By combining the characteristics of landscape and architecture, it creates three viewing themes: “Listening to the Spring”, “Gazing at the Abyss” and “Returning to the Forest”, allowing visitors to experience different perspectives.
▽景区入口 Scenic entrance
▽入口保留乔木 Keep arbors at the entrance
▽出口方向的半鸟瞰 A half-bird ‘s-eye view towards the exit
▽返程候车长廊 Return waiting gallery
▽旁晚的游客中心 The visitor center in the evening
▽屋檐下的返程出口 The return exit under the eaves
建筑材料 Building Material
Most of the building volumes in the Great Falls and Tianxing Bridge scenic areas are hidden in the site through soil covering. The roof covering for the main flow lines is made of slate tiles, which are derived from the slate roof of the local folk house “Stone House”. The building facade is also made of bluestone blocks used by folk houses, generally continuing the regional cultural characteristics, woven together with a hint of homesickness in the meandering process.
▽结构分析 Structural analysis
▽隐藏于绿坡下的管理用房 Hidden under the green slope of the management room
Hangguoshu Waterfall is one of the most representative scenic spots in the country, and the series of problems it faces are a microcosm of the optimization and transformation of the development of China’s scenic spots in the new stage of development.
The project team started the task in 2018 and, after three years of integration of planning, architecture, landscape and other disciplines, accompanied by the regional planning to design and construction of the scenic area, improved the functional layout, combed the traffic flow, and optimized the landscape experience, solving a series of problems that have plagued the scenic spot for a long time, such as functional shortcomings, traffic chaos and security risks.
After the two tourist centers were put into use in 2020, they were widely praised by tourists and scenic area managers. It takes the entrance space as the linking point to stitch together the sky and the land, and embeds the building into the natural world, becoming a wonderful beginning of the tour sequence of Hangguoshu.
▽景观设计手稿 Landscape design manuscript
▽游客中心首层平面图 Ground floor plan
▽天星桥游客中心首层平面 Ground floor plan
Project name: Huangguoshu Waterfall/Star Bridge Scenic Area Entrance Visitor Center
Architects/companies/institutions/units: China Academy of Urban Planning & Design + Beijing AEPA&TSC Architectural Design
The firm/company/unit website: www.caupd.com/www.tsc.com.cn
Contact email: Caup@caupd.com/tsctsc_sc @126.com
Company location: Beijing
Design time: 2018
Year built :2020
Floor area: 6900 square meters of Great Falls / 1800 square meters of Star Bridge
Project address: Guizhou
Project name: Huangguoshu Waterfall/Star Bridge Scenic Area Entrance Visitor Center
Project owner: Huangguoshu Tourism Area Planning and Construction Administration
Design unit: China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Qingshui Aipai Architectural Design Co., LTD
Design time: 2018-2019
Completion date: 2019-2020
Project location: Huangguoshu Scenic Spot, Zhenning Buyi and Miao Autonomous County, Anshun City, Guizhou Province
Planning Chair: Wang Zhongjie, Liu Ningjing
Architect: Liu Yanyan, Zhang Can
Landscape Host: Sun Peibo, Shu Chenyang
Design Team: Hao Yu, Xiao Can, Wang Wanying (Planning, Landscape) Yin Jin, Wen Sixuan, Pan Xiaodan, Song Changhua, Wang Liang (Architecture) Yao Yueliang, Ai Zhiyi, Hong Xianting, Liu Fengyi (Interior)
Construction drawing team: Yang Xin, Zhu Licheng, Che Lijie, Li Baodong (Architecture) Sui Yanhua, Xu Shengjie, Zhu Xuanyu (Landscape) Yan Xuezhou, Sun Wen (Structure) Luo Siwei (HVAC) Xie Zhengtao, Zhang Bing, Zhang Xiaoqi (Electrical) Zhou Yalin (Water Supply and Drainage)
Resident designers: Liu Fengyi, Li Baodong, Zhu Xuanyu
Lighting Design: Beijing Ningzhijing Lighting Design Co., LTD
Curtain Wall Design: Beijing Yurong Sofuen Architectural Consulting Co., LTD
BIM Design: Beijing Baxter Luyuan Engineering Design Consulting Co., LTD
Landscape cooperation: Auspac Landscape Planning and Design Co., LTD
Photographer: Wang Ziling