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Planergruppe: The historic city center of Xanten is surrounded by a 14-hectare city park: the rampart area. As the historical origin was the defence of the boundaries around the city, today the rampart area serve as a recreational and leisure park in the heart of the city. From 2017 to 2019, the rampart area has been converted into a spa garden with the intention to strengthening the local tourism in Xanten.


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



We have designed and built on the existing green potential of the area and have developed a con-temporary, clean image with emphasis on the historical structures. Considering today’s and future users, innovative offers expand the average profile of a classic spa garden, and result into a “Park of Encounter” appealing to all generations. Right from the start, special focus was laid on a barrier-free design for the whole area.


▼无障碍的环形路线 The barrier-free circular route

© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund


公园有着宽阔的草地和草甸区,其中种植着成群的树木、单株树木和灌木。我们已经开放了部分城墙的结构体和范围,以便更好地将其融入公园。沿着Bundesstraße 57和东城墙种植的树木补充了原来自由生长的低矮灌木树篱。

The park is characterized by generous grass and meadow areas planted with groups of trees, single trees and shrubs. We have partially opened the structures and dimensions of the rampart to better integrate it within the park. Alongside the Bundesstraße 57 and lengthways the Eastern Wall, the existing trees were supplemented with a free-growing hedge of lower shrubs.


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



The green areas are traversed by a hierarchical path system, which we partially re-arranged and adapted in the course of the re-design. The planting of perennials accentuate the access to the park, from which the main path can always be reached.


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



The barrier-free circular route, which is paved with mastic asphalt and is illuminated, connects all areas and crosses all access paths via traffic-calming narrowing.


▼照明 Illumination

© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



Numerous benches ranged alongside the circular route offer seating during a stopover.


▼沿路的座椅 Benches ranged alongside the circular route

© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



The Northern Wall area is equipped with three pergolas emphasizing distinct resting places offering a great view towards the gabled houses, the Kriemhild mill and the new dragon sculpture.


▼廊架 Pergola

© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund




The rampart is divided into four sub-areas: Eastern Wall, Northern Wall, Western Wall and Southern Wall. Each area has its distinct character and was developed on the basis of the existing structures according to its specific theme and focus:

Eastern Wall – movement, games and fitness, environmental protection and ecology;


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



Northern Wall – stopover, adventure and outdoor catering;


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



Western Wall – spa gardens (including a rose garden and a bible garden), Kneipp facilities and graduation house, games and dancing;


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



Southern Wall – entrance to the historical city center respectively start of the spa gardens.


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



The ground monument Wallanlage – i.e. the walls of the rampart – itself remains largely untouched from any structural intervention. Only arty and creative structures were allowed to be added, such as the dragon sculpture at the Northern Wall area, the stone circle at the Western Wall area, the perennials, playgrounds and theme gardens.


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund



The planting of new perennials also serve as identifying marks of the rampart at the path crossings and to emphasize the city entrances. They are site-specific in the respective plants’ composition and colours, and all have a rather meadowy character.


© Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund




项目地点:德国 克桑滕
景观/建筑公司:Planergruppe GmbH Oberhausen
网站: planergruppe-oberhausen.de
主创:Thomas Dietrich
设计团队:Katja Schreiber、Melanie Rost
客户: Xanten 市
合作者:LUZ Landschaftsarchiktur、München(多年生种植); Architekturbüro Heinrich Böll、Essen(梯塔); nowakteufelknyrim,Düsseldorf (定向系统)
摄影:Claudia Dreyße、Dortmund

Project name: Xanten – A park of encounter:the re-design of the rampart area
Completion Year: 2019
Size: 14 hectares
Project location: Xanten, Germany
Landscape/Architecture Firm: Planergruppe GmbH Oberhausen
Website: planergruppe-oberhausen.de
Contact e-mail: info@planergruppe-ob.de
Lead Architects: Thomas Dietrich
Design Team: Katja Schreiber, Melanie Rost
Clients: City of Xanten
Collaborators: LUZ Landschaftsarchitektur, München (perennial planting); Architekturbüro Heinrich Böll, Essen (graduation house); nowakteufelknyrim, Düsseldorf (orientation system)
Photo credits: Claudia Dreyße, Dortmund
Photographer’s website: claudiadreysse.de


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