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Lab D+H: The revitalization of the Yantai Mountain community is urban renewal on a micro-scale. The design approach is restrained by respect for the history of the site. Exploration of the site’s cultural lineage resulted in the restoration of the original space and the preservation of native plants. This is an urban renewal project that respects history and celebrates the past.
The design team undertook a comprehensive survey to ensure the accurate restoration of the historical spaces at the site. Instead of obliterating all traces of the past, micro-renewal can honor the history of Yantai Mountain while still improving both the natural environment and the resident’s quality of life. In today’s world, sustainability in design and construction is essential. The design team closely followed the principles of sustainability. Sustainable restoration can create a healthy and modern community. Demolition waste was reused for use as a building material. The design combines the best features of sustainable restoration methods for the historic mansion with the designs used in the public realm for the hill’s design work. The design helps maintain the historically significant parts of the past, yet still injects new interpretations of the present for contemporary residents.
▽烟台山乐群路鸟瞰效果图 Aerial view of Lequn Road, Yantai Mountain
▽烟台山乐群路规划总图 General plan of Yuequn Road, Yantai Mountain
文化脉络 Site History
Yantai Mountain is a symbol of Fuzhou history and culture as it occupies an important spot on the banks of the Minjiang River, In the past, it was the site one of only a few treaty ports that were open to foreign trade and promoted economic and cultural exchange between China and the West. Lequn Road is Yantai’s main road and runs along the side of Yantai Mountain. Over time, the road has e been seriously damaged. The poor condition of Lequn Road inevitably led to additional problems. Following the path of the aging road, aging infrastructure, and vacant retail spaces led to a high vacancy rate of retail businesses. Revitalizing the present-day community in Yantai Mountain and sustaining the city’s cultural heritage is essential a priority of the design plan.
▽烟台山历史照片 Historical photos of Yantai Mountain
▽烟台山浓缩了城市历史精髓，是福州版的“万国建筑博物馆”，更是凝固的中国近现代史 Yantai Mountain concentrates the essence of the city’s history. It is the “Museum of international Architecture” of Fuzhou, and also the solidification of China’s modern and contemporary history
设计挑战 Design Challenge
Numerous historical sites and large residential communities have varying requirements for renovation methods. The reconstruction of the public space presented a fundamental challenge for the site designers. After the design team had done a comprehensive survey of historical documents and a series of interviews with residents, a strategy was adopted. The design team decided to restore the large-scale historical district with the intervention of landscape micro-renewal. The design team carefully fused restoration methods applied at the historic mansion yards with adaptive reconstruction in the public space., This combination of old and new elements preserves and celebrates ‘ ‘site’s historical significance while also injects new interpretations.
▽改造前的烟台山乐群路 Le Qun Road, Yantai Mountain, before the reconstruction
▽烟台山乐群路文化资源分析 Analysis on cultural resources of Lequn Road in Yantai Mountain
▽烟台山的道路系统图纸 Road system drawing of Yantai Mountain
▽烟台山的现状植物图 The present flora of Yantai Mountain
用景观道路系统修复原始空间 The Landscape Design Of Alleyways
The road network of Yantai Mountain consists of the main road and multiple bypasses. To stimulate activity and improve local conditions the designers added a series of recreation areas along the branches. These open public spaces are defined by the paving which forms a stay area and a passage area. The locals are guided by the main road to enter the pocket parks. Many pocket parks have been created in the alleyway’s dead-end spaces. additionally, revitalized open spaces provide additional recreational space.
▽ 乐群路的转角，车行的功能被极大的保留，而行人的互动也被最大化的激活 At the corner of Lequn Road, the function of the car shop is greatly retained, and the interaction of pedestrians is also activated to the maximum
The design of the stone steps dissolve the complex difference in terrain within the original site and cleverly link the upper and lower levels. The ancient leaning tree as an important and unique landscape landmark within the site. Plants soften the buildings’ coldness and provide a harmonious environment for the residents. The road network links the pocket gardens. One movement and one static are connected in the signs and stone inscriptions along the way, creating a community’s creation. With moving scenery union, people can naturally interact with others and their surroundings in the process of moving up the hill. It enhances the vitality of the space and promotes community engagement. Lequn Road serves both as a vehicular road and a pedestrian walkway.
▽传统的市民生活在乐群路回归 Traditional civic life returns to Yue Qun Road
▽乐群路的通行功能并没有被影响 The traffic function of Lequn Road has not been affected
▽下课后学生们仍然可以在街边小摊买午餐 Students can still buy lunch from street stalls after class
▽传统的烟台山生活在古老的社区中重新回归 Traditional Yantai Mountain life is returning to the old community
节点设计 Node Design
The design team followed the principles of sustainability to restore the Yantai community. Thus, some waste materials from the site were reused as building materials. The masonry rubble paves the sidewalk, tiles are transformed into light-transmitting windows, and sisal stones are turned into planting bowls for the site. The local plants and materials maximize the feeling of historic heritage by linking the present with the past in the design.
▽我们仔细的调查了所有的老照片并在三维空间中逐渐复原 We carefully examined all the old photographs and gradually reconstructed them in three dimensions
▽历史的记忆和现实的场景形成了时光上的对话 Historical memories and realistic scenes form a dialogue in time
▽使用在地材料和传统的工艺复原街道墙体和铺装 Street walls and paving were restored using local materials and traditional crafts
▽新老墙体的差别变得难以察觉 The difference between old and new walls becomes imperceptible
▽时间和空间在巷道中形成了一种统一 Time and space form a unity in the roadway
▽改造后的乐群路仍然是贯通烟台山的主干道 After the transformation, Le Qun Road is still the main road through Yantai Mountain
▽旧的墙体也被我们进行了最大的修复 The old walls have also been restored to the maximum extent
▽烟台山的历史像寒武纪的岩层一样在场地中重新呈现 The history of Yantai Mountain is reenacted on the site like the Cambrian rock layers
▽原生材料再利用 Reuse of primary materials
▽通过溯源历史，恢复了街道的原本风貌，使之融入在环境之中 By tracing the history, the original style of the street was restored and integrated into the environment
▽新的踏步经过了处理和时间发生对话 The new step has been processed and the time dialog has occurred
▽石材地刻的历史地图与老石材配合形成了独特的空间 The historical map carved on the stone floor is combined with the old stone to form a unique space
▽烟台山的古地图被篆刻在石材之中 The ancient map of Yantai Mountain was carved in stone
▽废墟中的每一个信息都被最大化的利用 Every piece of information in the ruins is exploited to the fullest
Ancient banyan and ginkgo trees line Lequn Road. The design ensures the protection of the ancient trees and other local plants. A complementary and supportive relationship between the landscaping design and the overall design for the site ensures the protection of these ancient living treasures. In the public realm, the historic Nine Alleyways’ alignment was retained, and restoration of the stairs and pathways was accomplished. When the original granite steps were intact they were reused, and gaps between them filled with custom-made replacement stones. Paving followed the same principle. Original granite pavers were collected on-site and combined in a mixed paving palette with new granite paving stones. Local retired artisans were invited to join the restoration team and to share their knowledge of traditional tools and methods. The original closed wall was modified into a semi-permeable barrier, taking advantage of the height difference to protect the privacy of the residents. It also allows many plants to penetrate through the wall, which creates a unique semi-enclosed space. us, The redevelopment of Yantai Mountain not merely preserves the site’s tangible heritage that is now enshrined in the layout and the materials. Most significantly, the intangible legacy of the site is captured by local artisans using traditional methods.
▽我们最大化的保留了场地的植物并加种了很多的新的种植，让烟台山乐群路包裹在自然之中 We preserved the plants of the site to the maximum extent and added a lot of new plants, so that Yantai Mountain Lequn Road is wrapped in nature
▽青苔从腐蚀后的麻石的缝隙中 Moss from the crevices of the corroded hemp stone
▽路边挡墙的爬藤 Climbing vine of roadside retaining wall
▽老树被保留，新的苔藓也从墙体中长出 Old trees have been preserved and new mosses have grown through the walls
▽蕨类用生命力填充了墙体和步道之中的缝隙 Ferns fill gaps between walls and walkways with life
▽树影斑驳使古老的巷道变得更加独特 The shading of trees makes the old laneway even more unique
▽就算是最为隐秘的小巷也是自然和历史对话的场所 Even the most secluded alleys are places where nature and history talk
▽所有的设计都围绕着老树自然展开 All designs revolve around the old tree naturally
▽树影也可以从墙后探入巷道之中 Tree shadows can also peep into the alley from behind the wall
▽老的树根和新的墙体形成了独特的对话 The old roots and the new wall form a unique dialogue
▽人们甚至不会察觉场地曾经的模样 People don’t even know what the ground used to look like
▽烟台山的灵魂用自然藏匿在巷道之中 The soul of Yantai Mountain hides in the roadway with nature
回应历史空间的叙事 The Renovation Of Historical Nodes
The Stone Church is one of the most important but hidden cultural landmarks in the area. High walls had created a closed and isolated space. To recreate the appearance of the courtyard’s historical appearance, the design team rebuilt the walls and courtyard, restored the Church’s fence and gate, and preserved the century-old ginkgoes in the courtyard. The designers lowered the level of the buried steps at the entrance of the Church by nearly one meter to recreate the original appearance of the church building. The berm formed a double-layered pond to protect the roots of the ancient ginkgo. The discarded slate and gravel were collected to pave the inner courtyard of the Church. The landscape design of the Church creates a serene, peaceful atmosphere.
▽石厝教堂平面图 Plan of Stone House Church
▽石厝教堂，兴建于1860年，原名圣约翰堂( St. John＇s Church)，五口通商之后由侨居福州的英国侨民集资筹建 Stone Cuo Church, built in 1860, formerly known as St. John’s Church (St. John’s Church), five members of the British diaspora living in Fuzhou after the trade fund to build
▽银杏古树成为了乐群路最大的亮点之一 Ancient ginkgo trees have become one of the biggest highlights of Lequn Road
▽通过半透的围墙，人们可以更好的观察秋季的落叶 Through the semi-permeable wall, people can better observe the fall leaves
▽每逢深秋，银杏落叶形成了乐群路独特的景致 In late autumn, ginkgo leaves form a unique scene on the Road
▽废弃的麻石板经过回收形成了场地的铺装 Discarded hemp slabs were recycled to form the paving of the site
▽废弃的柱础也昭示着场地的过往 The abandoned columns also indicate the past of the site
▽一切的岁月都和现有的设计融为一体 All the years are integrated into the existing design
▽石厝教堂定期会开放，方便市民参观 Stone House Church is open regularly for public visit
▽经过设计后，市民终于可以近距离的观看这个古老的修道院 After the design, citizens can finally see the ancient monastery up close
At the American Consulate, different design operations were used to interpret the original name of Yantai Mountain, the port of the plum blossom. Historical memories were represented with detailed plum blossom patterns on paving, water features, gate, and sitting areas. The language of central axisymmetric, geometric cutting not only responds to the architectural style but also sets the classical tone of the entire design. The classical elements link with modern aesthetics by painting classical elements and recurring patterns with minimal interventions. The design injects a new soul into the site, bringing back memories of the site and simultaneously giving visitors and residents a new feeling.
▽闽海关税务司航拍图 Aerial photo of Taxation Department of Fujian Customs
▽税务司的古树虽然快要倒塌，我们尽全力将其保留并形成了一个独特的古树花园 Although the old trees in the Revenue Department are falling down, we did our best to preserve them and create a unique old tree garden
▽复杂的高差被台阶消化 The complex height difference is absorbed by the steps
▽苔藓和台阶形成完美的图底效应 Moss and steps create a perfect bottom effect
▽历史的故事被刻在花岗岩坐凳之上 Stories of history are carved on granite benches
社会意义 Social Service
In the process of the renovation of Yantai Mountain, traces of the restoration work are hidden in the design of the site. We not only restored the original historical appearance of the area was restored for the residents and visitors. The design goes beyond appearances but also engages the people with the site. Yantai Mountain revives its vitality after a long century of change but thoughtfully using local resources.
▽良相的标识和新的墙体在几场雨后已然和自然融为一体 The good sign and the new wall have merged with nature after several rains
▽烟台山的设计进行了大量的留白为标识的融入成为了可能 The design of Yantai Mountain made it possible to incorporate a large amount of white space as the logo
▽将复兴痕迹隐于场地设计之中 The revival traces are hidden in the site design
▽闽海关税务司成为了烟台山的婚纱拍摄的打卡点 Fujian Customs and Taxation department became the wedding photography of Yantai Mountain punch – in point
▽如今的烟台山再现其世纪沧桑后的芳华活力 Today’s Yantai Mountain reproduces its youthful vitality after the vicissitudes of the century
Project Name: Urban Micro-renewal of Lequn Road, Yantai Mountain
Location: Fuzhou, China
Project area: 2.7 ha
Project Owner: Fuzhou Vanke
Landscape Design: Lab D+H SH
Design team: Li Zhongwei, Lin Nan, Zhang Jiaqian, Zhou Jian, Xu Xuhui, Li Xiujuan, Gong Haokun
Logo design: good phase design
Photography copyright: Lu Bing、Arch-Exist
更多 Read more about: Lab D+H