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HANCS: A stone can be a large mountain, Stone can be a building material, a border and a shelter, Stones can be decomposed, and interact with water、sunlight and air to give birth to life. When discussing the choice of stone or greenery with the designer, it was like going back to the debate about this point in the design briefing. I don’t think landscape design is a matter of spreading greenery all over the place, that would be greening at best. I would rather see the new green seedlings of the stone after the wind and rain, the natural evolution; the ore texture reflecting different angles in the daylight; the magnificence of mankind building a civilisation on a new star, and the wonderful expression of all the occupants travelling moving between the future and reality.
▽ 项目概览 Project overview
▽ 场地原始地质条件，是采石矿场留下的裸露岩层 The original geological conditions of the site are the exposed rock layers left by the quarry
▽ 方案根据场地条件描绘出未来与现实交替的奇景 According to the site conditions, the plan depicts the wonders of the future and reality alternately
利用先锋植物群落的演替 Use the succession of pioneer plant community
Pioneer plants are the first plant community to appear in a community succession. They generally start from lichens on rocks or bare ground, because lichens are the pioneer community of xerophytic primary succession, and the strongest vitality in the plant world. According to the test, lichen can grow at a low temperature of minus 273 degrees, so it can grow in deserts and the North Pole and even on the backs of sea turtles. When transforming saline-alkali land and sandy land, suitable plant species are selected according to the specific conditions of the climate and soil to establish pioneer plant community so that barren land can be gradually transformed into land where plants can grow.
With the process of rock weathering and soil development, pioneer community such as lichens and mosses first appeared on the rock surface, which were later replaced by herbaceous community, scrub community and forest community in sequence, and this succession of individual plant community, which are interlinked in historical development, constitutes a successional series. Perennial grasses: mosaic Miscanthus, fine-leaved Miscanthus, wolfsbane – perennial herbs, preferring warm, moist and well-lit conditions Cold and drought tolerant, soil-independent, infertile plants: pine, fir, oak, poplar and locust tree are drought-resistant, cold-resistant, infertile and suitable for well-drained sandy soils，these plants are usually extremely vigorous. the method of building ecological communities with pioneer species is called the species framework method, where light-loving, easily dispersed herbaceous plants are usually used as pioneer species for an ecological community to be restored. They appear early in the succession and can change the soil quality of the area, attract animals and create the conditions for the recovery of other plants and animals; this stage is called the pioneer stage.
▽ 采用先锋物种模仿植物群落演替 Use pioneer species to imitate plant community succession
▽ 搭建出生态群落 Build an ecological community
改变荒漠化的地表，慢慢恢复生机 Water transforms the desertification landscape and slowly recovers its vitality
The flowing water can exfoliate the rocks to produce alluvium and rocks on the river bank, using the canyon terrain to collect rainwater system, the introduction of the water system causes the destruction of the rocks with weathering and exfoliation. Weathering is the destruction of the rocks in situ, the river valley develops into a wide valley floor, the sediment accumulates on both sides of the river bed on the river floodplain, the rainwater accumulates repeatedly, the alluvium layer thickens to form the waterfront floodplain, and the floodplain is formed to open the grassland landscape growth.
The old pits have been mechanically mined for a long time, resulting in soil erosion, severe desertification and the failure of flora and fauna to regenerate; in order to slowly rejuvenate the exposed rocks and turn the pits into a unique geological experience space, the Pit Garden was created to seek out the natural wild interest.
▽场地位于裸露的山谷之中，地质风化，植被稀疏 The site is located in a bare valley with weathered geology and sparse vegetation
以自然为师的荒野景观设计 Wilderness landscape design based on nature
峡谷中自然的生长与衰败，植物群落的演替与发展，自然主义的景观设计方法，充满原生性、多样性、开发性、偶然性，依循自然的荒野景观，荷兰的野草之神Piet Outdolf 打造的荒野四季花园，呈现最美又野荣枯衰败都是美，呈现植物走过四季更迭的自然模样，同样理念，我们在恢复矿坑花园样貌的进程中，是渐进的是演替的是可持续发展的，恢复生态系统中的生物多样性表现其天然生长的魅力。
The natural growth and decay of the canyon, the succession and development of the plant community, the naturalistic approach to landscape design, is full of originality, diversity, exploitation and serendipity. Following the natural wilderness landscape, Piet Outdolf, the Dutch god of weeds, has created a wilderness seasonal garden that presents the beauty of wildness and decay, presenting the natural appearance of plants through the changing seasons. In the same way that there is beauty in both glory and decline, the process of restoring the landscape of the pit garden is gradual, evolutionary and sustainable, as we restore the biodiversity of the ecosystem and show the charm of its natural growth.
▽恢复矿坑的植物生态 Restore the plant ecology of the mine
▽荒野中的植物群落种植 Planting of plant communities in the wilderness
▽ 充分利用原场地的岩石材料 Make full use of the rock materials on the original site
宛如新星球殖民的建筑风貌及极地景观 An architectural style and polar landscape that resembles a new planetary colony
The primary strategy for the landscape design of the Banyan Tree Garden is to express the changes of all things on the earth. The magnificent mountain cliffs, the movement of the stars, water elements，sunshine and streams transform the quarry into a budding plant habitat, like a planetary journey. The buildings reflecting the sunlight are a familiar images of human civilization, and the buildings climbing the rock form a new planetary civilisation, a warm space capsule isolated from the polar climate. The hot spring terraces overhanging the mid-mountain, looking up into the night sky and embracing the warm springs like the first human perches on the cliffs, and the architectural gardens where you walk at night are the best corridors to look at the stars.
▽夜晚点点灯光亮起，仿佛漫步在宇宙之中 Lights up at night, as if walking in the universe
原始人找到安全舒适的栖息地 A safe and comfortable habitat for primitive people looking for a place to stay
The hot spring area is roughly laid out in original stones, without finely carved decoration. The gift of heat from the earth’s core constantly gushing out with the spring water.The whole pool is not very large and just hold ten people, running around and playing in the caves is the primitive joy of children, soaking in the pool and looking at the endless sun-drenched rock walls of the valley, with the red sun slowly falling in at that end of the earth’s surface. After soaking in the hot spring,you can feel the energy of nature flowing around the body, making a return to the original self.
▽温泉与山谷峭壁相对，感受最原始的恣意 The hot springs are opposite to the cliffs of the valley, and feel the most primitive arbitrariness
It is possible that underground heat was an important source of energy for primitive people at a time when fire had not yet been discovered and there was no way to obtain heat by man-made means. Now we are so used to gas stoves or electric heating that we have forgotten the importance of nature’s energy. When the hot sun goes down to the horizon, to combat the cold air, we soak in the hot springs like monkeys in the snow, using the heat from the earth’s core to warm our bodies, so close and interdependent is nature’s energy with us humans.
▽太阳下山后，地表的能量开始发挥余热 After the sun goes down, the energy on the earth’s surface begins to use the waste heat
荒 寂 无、期待、惊奇、探索一无所知的异世界 Silence, anticipation, wonder, exploration of an alien world known to none
Creating a life starts with exploring “know nothing”. The site was originally a mining site where workers pulled the surface with a single axe to create a rock formation exposed 30 meters below the surface. The initial appearance of the star is rarely seen in the usual way, which means that there is naturally with wonder everywhere. The building is designed to build on the rock mass , It is a starting point for exploring the paths, a cabin for peeking into the polar regions, and we are the intergalactic traveler who set up camp.
南京园博园规划的宗旨是打造永远盛开的“南京花园”，用造园 艺术 + 生态培育 + 多样功能等多种方式，创造世界级的花园群; 技术上采用生态系统、践行城市双修理念、修复生态基底，构建生态走廊。悦榕庄位于1990 年始建的汤山龙泉采石场，大片灰白、崖壁山石裸露是基地的现状，建筑的形态是依山而设、融于山林石壁。 景观设计最主要的目的是保留工业遗址景观特色、风貌再现，所以我们用缥缈云池、悬浮观景，半山崖壁、多维空间的景象融入 到景观设计之中，形态如半山崖壁悬浮半空中，形如半室内和内外空间融合，形如居于云海之上空中花园。
The aim of the Nanjing Garden Expo is to create a ‘Garden of Nanjing’ that will always be in bloom, creating a world-class garden complex through a combination of gardening art + ecological cultivation + multiple functions; technically adopting an ecosystem, practising the concept of Double Urban Repairs，restoring the ecological substrate and building an ecological corridor. The Banyan Tree is located in the Longquan Quarry in Tangshan, which was first built in 1990，large areas of gray and bare cliff rocks are the status quo of the base, and the architectural form is set against the mountain and blends into the rocky walls of the mountain forest. The main purpose of the landscape is to retain the landscape features of the industrial site and to recreate its appearance, so we have incorporated the images of misty cloud pools, suspended views, half mountain cliffs and multi-dimensional space scenery into the landscape design, form as half mountain cliffs suspended in mid-air, shape as half interior and exterior space integration, like a garden in the sky above a sea of clouds.
摄影师：xf photography- Voyager 21、赖连取
Project name：Banyan Tree Hotel Nanjing Garden Expo
English abbreviation：HANCS Landscape Planning and Design (Shanghai) Co.简称：HANCS （JERRY LAI）
Interior design team: CCD
Architectural design team: China Architectural Design Institute (academician Cui Kai)
Company website (WeChat official account)：HANCS
Contact email ：email@example.com
Landscape Design & completion time: April 2019-october 2021
Photographer：xf photography- Voyager 21、Jerry Lai
Clients：Nanjing Garden Expo
审稿编辑 任廷会 – Ashley Jen
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