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L&A design: Foshan is the backland of Cantonese culture, which belongs to a group of people who are native to region of southeastern China historically. Cantonese gardening is one of the three Chinese gardening schools, and is famous for its beautiful residential courtyards. The traditional gardeners pursued both the functionality and aesthetics of the design, and their principles have a strong reference to the landscape design of modern residential community.
Cloud Hills draw inspirations from nature and excavated cultural essence and humanistic spirit from the local living environment. In order to create a livable community landscape suitable for modern Canton residents, six landscape strategies were applied to integrate the traditional Cantonese garden’ essence with the modern life style. By establishing a harmonious relationship between man and nature, traditional culture, modern city and aesthetics, a livable residential environment was finally built with lasting vitality and sustainable development.
▼社区绿地景观 Residential garden
广府文化基底 Cantonese Culture
Foshan is the backland of Cantonese culture which is represented by the traditional Cantonese gardening style. In most of the local gardens, pond takes the central position, and the buildings are built around the court to form an enclosed layout. The building and its courtyard form a visual contrast between the virtual and the real. This layout was used to adjust the transition of light and shade, creating a richer spatial level within a garden full of artistic aesthetics. The combination of calming colors and the unpretentious style is the prominent feature of traditional Cantonese garden, which embodies the pursuit of harmony between man and nature.
围合式组团花园 Enclosed Courtyards
The landscape design of Cloud Hills reconstructed the layout of traditional Cantonese gardens, taking clusters as landscape units. In each cluster, space elements such as residential entrance space, open floors, landscape structures and landscape walls were arranged around the center garden. Such layout has two advantages.
▼组团花园分析 Enclosed courtyards analysis
Firstly, it makes buildings and gardens integrated with each other. By this way, residential entrance space and open floors become the transition between the indoor and outdoor building space, allowing residents to enjoy the nature when they step out of the house. Secondly, different from traditional gardens which take waterscape as the landscape center and focus on ornament more than function and with more limited space, plant clusters use open lawns, activity platforms, etc. to replace water courtyards, making the space more open to public, increasing utilization and participation, and meeting the needs of modern community life.
Open lawns were connected with residential entrance space, making residents feel their home are built in a nature park.
The platform attached to open floor is the best place for residents to enjoy outdoor courtyard views.
▼户外花园分析 Outdoor courtyard analysis
Lush local trees effectively over shade and lower temperature. Although the winter in the Canton area is short, the weather is relatively cold. So many open lawns were built in the garden for residents to enjoy the sunshine in winter.
There are various types of waterscapes in the garden, such as fountains, gurgling streams and open lakes. It could help achieve a better cooling and noise reduction effect, while provide residents with a water playing space.
多层次的空间体验 Multi-level Spatial Experience
Learning from the compact layout of traditional Cantonese gardens, different types of small courtyard spaces were interspersed in each plant cluster of Foshan Cloud Hills, and spatial level was lifted as well as residents’ experience to the whole site. In three interconnected plant clusters, eight courtyard spaces with different characteristics were connected in series.
▼不同类型的小庭院空间穿插在组团之中 Different types of small courtyard spaces were interspersed in each plant cluster
Each small courtyard is the epitome of China’s natural mountains and waters, including pavilions on higher hills, a stream on the hill, the moon overhead a lake, the hall for gathering together, bonsais made by huge stones, springs in courtyards, forest on the terrace and the footpath in the mountain—these small courtyards formed a spatial sequence. They are scattered randomly in heights, change orderly in density and with rich levels and diverse experiences.
▼传统的广府庭院布局紧凑、层次幽深，具有空间丰富的园林艺术效果 Traditional Cantonese gardens have compact and deep layout, as well as rich landscape art effect
格调与细节 Style and Details
The project extended the unpretentious style of Cantonese gardens, implanting regional characteristics and humanistic feelings on the site. Modern design and construction techniques were used to create details.
Hard landscape design extended the low-key color and unpretentious style of traditional Ling-nan architectures.
There are no gardens without stones. Various techniques were adopted to provide a profound meaning, such as using stones to create rockwork. Drawing lessons from the stone setting techniques of Cantonese gardens, new ideas were brought into the techniques. Many landscape nodes in this project were built with stacked stones, rocks by water, or peaks made of a single rock, which had enriched the artistic conception in the garden.
适应自然气候 Natural Climate Adaptation
To acclimate the hot weather in Foshan, this project adopted four design strategies to cope with the local hot and humid climate characteristics.
Firstly, since the summer prevailing wind of the Canton area is southeast wind, it can be used for cooling and preventing moisture. The buildings were arranged horizontally in the southeast direction to introduce wind into the community garden. The garden layout is open with sparse planting and can be passed through, which could maximize the use of summer drafts to adjust the micro-environment of the community.
Secondly, Foshan is located in the hot and rainy southern China, where plants grow luxuriantly and have a wide variety of species. The plant furnishing mostly includes lush local trees such asdracontomelon duperreanum, autumn maple, camphor tree, etc. , whose crown diameter can reach 4-5 meters and the shadow area can cover 32% of outdoor space, effectively over shading and lowering temperature.
Thirdly, there are various types of waterscapes in the garden, such as fountains, gurgling streams and open lakes. It could help achieve a better cooling and noise reduction effect, while provide residents with a water viewing space.
Finally, the winter in the Canton area is relatively short. Although there are frosts in some years, it’s basically a dry season with less rainfall, good weather and plenty of sunshine. So many open lawns were built in the garden for the owners to enjoy the sunshine in winter.
社区生活发生器 Community Life Producer
This project is expected not only to be a multi-functional space that is enjoyable, playable and make people stop-and-go, but also to have exclusive space for people of different ages. The details of each functional space were carefully created to make it convenient and user-friendly as much as possible.
In these activity spaces, people could interact with others and touch with nature more frequently. Based on the complex functions of public spaces, the design activated community operations, restored neighborhood relations and built a safe and harmonious living environment.
景观设计：奥雅设计 广州公司 项目二组
采写 / 奥雅设计 广州公司 项目二组
编辑 / Christine
摄影 / 立伟
翻译 / AOT 予言译术
Project Name: Foshan COHL Yunlu Mansion
Project Location: Longjiang, Shunde District, Foshan City
Project Type: Residential
Landscape Area: 70603.91㎡
Client: COHL Foshan Company
Landscape Design: Group 2 of L&A Design Guangzhou Company
Construction: Guangzhou Linhua Garden Construction Engineering Co., Ltd / Shenzhen Hanpin Landscape Engineering Co., Ltd
Design Time: 2018.12
Completion Time: 2020.12
Written / Group 2 of L&A Design Guangzhou Company
Editor / Christine
Photo / Li Wei
Interpret / AOT
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