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Interesting Landscape: When it comes to Kunming, there follow two roads. One is the Tea Horse Road once prospered in the Tang and Song Dynasties and peaked in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, while the other, the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, was built in the early 20th century.
1.绕不开，在路上 A must on the road
The Tea Horse Road, a non-governmental international trade channel in Southwest China, with caravans as the main means of transportation, is known as a corridor for economic and cultural exchanges in Southwest China. Originated from the “Tea Horse Market” in the ancient southwest frontier, it represents a historical concept endowed with a specific meaning, and pioneered China’s complementary economy.
▽茶马古道历史背景 Historical background
The Yunnan-Vietnam Railway built in 1901 was fully opened in 1910, with a total length of 859 kilometers, of which the Yunnan section runs 465 kilometers and 394 kilometers for the overpass part. The railway was initially constructed to serve the wild ambition France for Yunnan’s rich minerals at that time. Later, the Chinese government took over the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway and repaired it as the province was liberated. The Yunnan-Vietnam Railway was not only an important freight channel, but a path that made a significant contribution to the Anti-Japanese War as it shipped the largest amount of international aid.
These two roads heavily painted Kunming’s freight culture, and injected strong vitality into the business philosophy of Yunnan merchants.
▽滇越铁路文化 Yunnan – Vietnam Railway culture
2.二次相遇 The second encounter
The Dian Yi 465 project built for Junfa Group bases these two freight channels. We call it “the second encounter between the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway and the Tea Horse Road”. Two parallel story lines run through the Dian Yi 465 project, one is the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway represented by the small train, and the other is unfolded based on the caravan culture. Just like in reality, the Tea Horse Road meets the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway in various places, where undoubtedly house essential markets. The neighborhood we shaped mirrors the composition model of the market, which skillfully combines our design with the local culture, enabling us to reveal elements and scenes in the history therefrom.
▽巧妙的设计将滇越铁路与茶马古道交汇 The ingenious design connects the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway with the tea-horse ancient Road
This is a growth-type design method. In stead of deliberate decoration, we value the nature growth of the scene itself. A typical characteristic is that the project is yet to be fixed even though the design and the construction are completed. On the contrary, we just sowed a seed there. The block grows freely and develops its own derivatives in the process of operation. This is what we call life and a souled block.
▽实景呈现 Live-action rendering
3.记忆中的味道 Taste of memory
“Looking for memory” constitutes an important thinking orientation in the Dian Yi 465 project. At the beginning of the design, we read a lot of documents to study the history, culture and element symbols of the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway and the Tea Horse Road. It’s an extraordinary journey. We saw 36 huge camphor trees at Panxi Station in the literature, met Yiliang in the granary in central Yunnan, and tasted the roasted tofu of the brand, A Good and Cheap Toufu, there.
We even smelled the Yiliang roast duck in Xiangpiao Street.
▽热闹的街巷氛围-效果图 Design renderings
It dawned on us that this is the taste in the memory that Dian Yi 465 is looking for, and also the hustle and bustle passed down by the people of Yunnan for hundreds of years. Then these symbols walking in histories gradually appeared in our blueprint.
▽热闹的街巷氛围-效果图 Design renderings
4.时代共情 Empathy of the Times
Meanwhile, not a second have we forgotten that Dianyi 465 is a contemporary online sensation block that traces its origins from Luosiwan International Trade City. While looking for and displaying cultural memory, the present is also worth to be remembered. In addition to the characteristics, the sense of experience and the internet hit effect should also be included in the design points. After all, we, the moderns, largely inject vitality into the neighborhood. Therefore, the next step is to transpose the collected cultural symbols into an artistic language that is easier to read by contemporary people. Copinism is just life, not art. Just like Duchamp’s urinal is a work of art that carries history and ideas only when it is placed on the exhibition stand of an art museum. Our job is to build its own booth for cultural symbols for tourists to visit, take photos and enjoy.
Whereupon, a number of artistic network hit landscapes endowed with cultural characteristics rise in response to the proper time and conditions that become cross-border works of art completed by us as landscape architects.
a．记忆滇越 Memory of Yunnan and Vietnam
Open the door of memory, let us follow the footsteps of our ancestors. The landscape extracted from the history and culture of Guandu District and the heritage of the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway shapes an entrance gate. It is intended to create a historical and cultural atmosphere, popularize geocultural knowledge, and enhance tourists’ sense of identity.
▽记忆的入口大门-效果图 Memory of the entrance gate renderings
▽记忆的入口大门-实景图 Memory of the entrance gate real scene
“Luosiwan” is a train of time that takes us into history and to understand the past. The Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, the first railway in Southwest China, is a meter-gauge railway and was fully opened on April 1, 1910. Over the nearly 100 years of service, it has witnessed the vicissitudes of life in Yunnan and even the whole of China, carries countless stories of Yunnan and Vietnam and railways. The design refers to the shape of the KD55 steam locomotive that used to run on the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, thereby giving birth to a hit tick-off scenic area exclusively for this project combining with the project name. It is expected to guide the flow of visitors while attracting attention.
▽时光号列车打卡点-效果图 The time train clocks in
▽时光号列车打卡点-实景图 The time train clocks in
c．带上你的故事跟我走 take your story and come with me
Along the square in front of Kunming Railway Station, let us start this journey with stories. At the upper and lower escalators of the pedestrian bridge, special food stalls are built according to the shape of the railway carriages, and the outside space is set up in combination with the railway platform to intrigue tourists.
▽站前广场节点-效果图 Station front square node
▽站前广场节点-实景图 Station front square node
d．记忆中的“它们” “Them” in memory
Over the more than 100-year service of the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, the meter gauge carries are filled with memories. Now let’s present and travel back to the memory. Three models, KD55, Michelin steam locomotive, and Dongfanghong 21, which once ran on the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway and are now displayed in the Yunnan Railway Museum, were selected and built into the locomotive warehouse of the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway in combination with the back of the basement entrance and exit, providing tourists with a tick-off site or check in or a stop to rest.
▽机车仓库节点-效果图 Locomotive depot section
▽机车仓库节点-实景图 Locomotive depot section
e．时光印记 Time stamp
The past Luosiwan was a bustling market. While it now inherits the prosperity, and develops new formats and bursts of new vitality. At the entrance and exit of the project near the square stands a guiding three-dimensional character landscape created combining with the project characteristics and historical context.
▽广场一侧出入口-效果图 Square side entrance and exit
▽广场一侧出入口-实景图 Square side entrance and exit
f．瞅你咋地 Look at you (Chou Ni Za Di)
As a cultural symbol, the horse with a new texture is given a new attitude, leading the trend. The designer turned the “horse” representing the ancient Tea Horse Road culture into a landscape sculpture. Relatively modern fiberglass materials endow the traditional cultural symbol with the trendy features.
▽马文化的景观元素-效果图 Landscape elements of horse culture
▽马文化的景观元素-实景图 Landscape elements of horse culture
g．时光重影、门庭若市 Time shadows, bustling visitors
Stepping into the mountain canyon and passing through numerous tunnels, there reveals a bustling market. In the space of commercial buildings, a group of door-shaped sculptures is designed to integrate the culture of the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, allowing tourists to learn about the history while experiencing the cultural atmosphere.
▽时空隧道-效果图 Time and space tunnel
▽时空隧道-实景图 Time and space tunnel
Neighbourhood charts course for wanderers to return home. Familiar hometown brands evoke local memories kept inside. A lighthouse designed at Yiliang Station covers Luosiwan and Yunnan local brands, which becomes a symbol and advertises local culture.
▽昭示性灯塔-效果图 A beacon
▽昭示性灯塔-实景图 A beacon
i．忘忧杂货铺 Worry-free grocery store
Grocery stores opened by grandmas at the entrance to the village are part of beautiful memories of childhood. The designer displays childhood memories through the landscape design. While restoring the traditional buildings along the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, traditional objects were brought into it to create the most unforgettable place in childhood.
▽记忆中的杂货铺-效果图 A grocery store in memory
▽记忆中的杂货铺-实景图 A grocery store in memory
j．66路公交站 66 bus stop
Bus No. 66, a ring line of Yiliang, surrounds Yiliang one after another, activating the city. The landscape design is combined with the bus line to create a retro platform that provides a scene for tourists to rest and find the old times.
▽公交元素演绎的休闲空间-效果图 Leisure space interpreted by bus elements
▽公交元素演绎的休闲空间-实景图 Leisure space interpreted by bus elements
k．走入马帮 Into the caravan
The neighing of horses, the clattering of hooves, the sound of horse bells, and the footsteps of people constitute the most important products in the unique world of the Tea Horse Road. In the form of three-dimensional silhouettes, the designer’s hand-painted tea horse road scenes are combined with physical sculptures to make a unique artistic wall.
▽立体剪影的茶马古道艺术景墙-效果图 Three-dimensional silhouette of the art landscape wall of tea horse Ancient Road
▽立体剪影的茶马古道艺术景墙-实景图 Three-dimensional silhouette of the art landscape wall of tea horse Ancient Road
l．旧时古道、马铃摇曳 Ancient roads, horse bells swaying
Back to the old tea-horse road, mules and horses gradually entered our field of vision in the accompany of bells. In front of Panxi Station, elements of the caravan extracted to present the mule and horse, an essential means of transportation on the Tea Horse Road, in front of visitors, in virtue of round and engraved carving, enabling them to experience the culture of the Tea Horse Road.
▽马帮文化雕塑-效果图 Horse gang culture sculpture
▽马帮文化雕塑-实景图 Horse gang culture sculpture
m．老李的轧道车 Old Li’s track car
A post for patrolling the railway lies next to Panxi Station, where Lao Li dedicated his youth. Railway inspectors are extremely hard-working. They start from the inspection station every day, walk along the railway to check the safety of the railway, and leave their footprints on every inch of the railway track. We restored the posts where the inspection workers rested and stored tools and placed them in the landscape nodes, so that people could learn about this occupation.
▽节点场景的演绎-效果图 The deduction of node scenes
▽节点场景的演绎-实景图 The deduction of node scenes
n．旧时脊梁 The old back
Panxi, the back of the man’s curved spine, bears the prosperity of the Tea Horse Road. The extremely dangerous path even stopped horses in some areas, triggering a special occupation of “porter”. These ordinary porters spent their lives to pave this thousand-year-old ancient road on the Yunnan-Vietnam line. The designer combined the image of porter with commercial elements to create an image of a vending machine exclusive to the Tea Horse Road.
▽文化元素与商业化的融合-效果图 The fusion of cultural elements and commercialization
▽文化元素与商业化的融合-实景图 The fusion of cultural elements and commercialization
o．白驹过隙、时间剪影 Time flies,silhouette
About to leave Panxi, the caravan workers led the mules and horses walking into the distance. On the side of leaving Panxi Station, a silhouette wall is designed in combination with the image of the horse-drawing workers on the Tea Horse Road, which gradually guides tourists to the next journey.
▽牵马工人剪影墙-效果图 Silhouetted wall of men leading horses
▽牵马工人剪影墙-实景图 Silhouetted wall of men leading horses
At the end of the journey, sit down and rest, reminisce about the bits and pieces of the hometown, and taste the diverse customs of the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway and the Ancient Tea-Horse Road. Outside the Panxi Station, the designer skillfully combined the image of a horse with the rest seats to create a special seat for tourists to stop and rest.
▽马元素景观座椅-效果图 Horse element landscape seating
▽马元素景观座椅-实景图 Horse element landscape seating
q．追忆站台 Remembrance platform
Like the Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, the old platforms and billboards, the products of the last century, are gradually drifting away from us. But every time we see it, it awakens our memories. In the design of the last multi-passage point, the designer retrospectively designed a retro platform image, giving tourists a space to stay, so that they can recall the images brought by the landscape in this momentary stop.
▽延续记忆中的老站台-效果图 Continuation of the memory of the old platform
▽延续记忆中的老站台-实景图 Continuation of the memory of the old platform
5.使徒行者 The Apostles
A designer always carries some sense of mission. Different from pure artists, our works are tens of thousands of square meters. Countless people pass through, experience and use them every day. A few fragments of memory, or a taste for discovering some art, I think will suffice, in addition to serving people’s life.
As apostles, what did we pursue when we created the Dianyi 465 project?
“Biting a hustle and bustle is all”, for me.
Project: Dian Yi 465
Location: luosiwan International Trade City, No. 5151, Caiyun North Road, Guandu District, Kunming City, Yunnan Province
Scale: The design area of the first phase is 68,019.3㎡
Client: Junfa Group Co., Ltd.
Party A’s design team: Yi Baiwen, Zhai Yaqin, Zhang Fei
Design unit: Chengdu Interesting Landscape Design Co., Ltd.
Landscape construction unit: Yunnan Herun Landscape
Completion time: December 2021
Photography Team: Mirror Photography
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