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BJF International Design：CRRC Time Park was originally the diesel engine branch factory of Lanzhou CRRC Locomotive Factory Located in Qilihe District, Lanzhou City, the factory was built in 1954 and was the only diesel locomotive and electric locomotive maintenance and railway service in Northwest China. This landscape transformation started from this abandoned industrial factory area.
▼鸟瞰 Air view
城市记忆，时光刻痕｜City memory，time mark
中车兰州公司原柴油机分厂从1954 年8 月17 日至2019 年8 月17 日，历经65 年的风雨，是几代兰州机车人不忘初心、砥砺前行的奋斗史，也是中国铁路机车发展的一个缩影。对于这样一个有着厚重工业历史记忆的城市空间而言，宝佳丰国际设计第二工作室团队希望打造出承载历史文化、展示城市个性、丰富城市内涵的具有浓重工业文化属性的公园，从而向外界彰显城市魅力，使其成为城市名片。
From August 17, 1954 to August 17, 2019, the original diesel engine branch of CRRC Lanzhou Company has gone through 65 years of ups and downs. It is a history of striving for several generations of Lanzhou locomotives and a microcosm of development.For such an urban space with a heavy industrial historical memory, the team of BJF International Design Second Studio hopes to create a park with strong industrial cultural attributes that carries historical culture, showcases the city’s individuality, and enriches the city’s connotation, so as to show the outside world to the outside world. The team aims to highlight the charm of the city and make the name card of the city.
▼改造前的兰州中车机车厂柴油机分厂厂区 The Diesel Engine Branch of Lanzhou CRRC Engine Factory before the transformation
城市更新，时空对话｜Urban renewal，time and space dialogue
The team aims keep the old story of a new park and reshape the new story of an old factory area. How to preserve the historical sense of the site and inherit the characteristics of industrial heritage has been a challenge for the design team.
There have been many successful cases of industrial site renovation projects at home and abroad. From the Ruhr Industrial Zone in Germany to the Qijiang Park in Zhongshan, Guangzhou, the site conditions and current resources of each project provide unique resources for the renovation, and the Lanzhou CRRC Time Park is no exception.The overall space of the diesel engine branch plant is dilapidated and messy, but there are abundant resources with design potential on the construction land: large-span old factory buildings that can be transformed and used, several abandoned railways, and many distinctive fire hydrants, lighthouses, iron frames and other abandoned industrial components. The landscape is rich in vegetation, and there are a large number of plants with good crowns on site. These status quo attracted the designer’s attention to the utilization of current resources, and this place will be built into a park with the theme of preserving historical relics of the industrial age.
▼现场遗留工业设备 Leftover industrial equipment on site
In general, based on the characteristics of the site project, the design team adopts modern design techniques to show the historical traces of industrial civilization, and the space design language of the site is modern and simple. Make CRRC·Time Park an industrial heritage cultural park that carries historical memory, tastes style of life, and embodies beautiful ecology, and integrates the urban cultural experience tourism industry.
▼总平面图 general layout
城市再生，时境新生｜Rebirth of the city，new life
“For a city, the most important thing is not architecture but the memory.”
Each city has its own memory, and the former diesel engine branch of CRRC Lanzhou Company has 65 years of it. As the city undergoes changes, a strong mark of the old industrial era has been branded in the memory of Lanzhou. In the new era, it will continue to exist in the form of CRRC Time Park, revitalized in the abandoned industrial factory area, and continuing the good old stories in the memory of the city.
▼公园北区平面图 Plan of the North District of the Park
▼静区一览 List of Quiet Zones
At the beginning of the design, we have strongly advocated retaining the most representative industrial trusses and chimneys, and based on them, made use of the current natural height difference, appropriately modified the trusses, demolished the trusses with potential safety hazards, and strengthened the original trusses. The structure, and the use of various techniques such as color, material, and planting, created a refreshing complex functional site, and inject new vitality into the site. This is the soul of the design of the site and the landmark construction of the park.
▼于共享图书馆，品读时光剪影 In the shared library, taste the silhouette of time
入口处水景｜Water feature at the entrance
The waterscape at the entrance brings agile elements to the whole area. The calm water surface reflects the library with strong industrial sense and the sculpture composed of original truss chandeliers, which is a tribute to and telling of the history.
▼入口水景 Entrance water feature
▼原桁架吊灯组成的雕塑 Sculpture composed of original truss chandeliers
▼水景与齿轮融合 The water features merge with the gears
在斑驳的桁架下，创造更多生活的细节｜Under the mottled truss，create more details of life
We have incorporated a variety of activities in combination with industrial legacy structures, and citizens can play basketball and exercise under the truss. A 400m fitness track runs through the industrial truss and nature.
▼公园南区平面图 Plan of the South Park
▼动区一览 List of dynamic areas
▼在工业桁架下设计健身跑道与休闲区 Design fitness track and leisure area under industrial truss
The sinking site of the park is the main activity space. One side of the sinking site is a tall truss factory building. We painted graffiti on the retaining wall below the factory building, which is an interweaving interpretation of modernity and the past.
On the other side is a densely planted poplar forest, and a children’s plank road is arranged in the forest, which is a natural intimate contact.
▼儿童栈道 Children’s plank road
老机器的新生：雕塑 ｜The Rebirth of the Old Machine: Sculpture
Landscape design uses various industrial legacy components to recreate. Through the visual impact brought by “industrial symbols”, it stimulates people’s associations and interest in the unique culture and history of the city. It is an artistic form of expression that can highlight and promote the spirit of the city. Here we look for the memories of the diesel engine factory, and traces of history in the new life of the park.
We designed a series of sculptures using the mechanical parts produced by the original factory. After disassembling and combining their shapes, we combined the spherical mirror stainless steel elements to give them dynamics. The materials form a heavy and light, old and new collision. It is hoped that the sculpture can show interest and at the same time guide children’s viewers to open minds.
This sculpture uses the engine block (Dongfeng 4B diesel locomotive diesel engine block) as the main body, extending multiple arms from the original cylinder position to pick off the floating clouds above itself, which is a form of anthropomorphic expression.
▼机械物语 Machine Story
▼遗留的东风4B内燃机车柴油机机体 The remains of the Dongfeng 4B diesel engine block
This sculpture uses an anthropomorphic technique, employing the original abandoned oil drum as the main body of the sculpture, cutting out the mouth with a cigarette in it, and adding a sequence of stainless steel to imitate floating smoke to show the image of a fat smoking hippopotamus.
▼盒马先生 Mr. Hema
▼原厂废弃的油桶 Disused oil drums from the original plant
A stroll in the cloud uses components to combine the shape of a bicycle, and then uses stainless steel to imitate the shape of a floating cloud. This sculpture strives to express the dynamics through the form.
▼云中漫步 Walk in the clouds
▼原厂废弃部件 Disused parts from the original factory
旧材料的记忆 ｜Memory of old materials
During the project, we always adhere to the principle of respecting the characteristics of the site, try to protect the original site materials and site features, maximize the use of the current relic resources, and combine the original materials to form a unique structure by deconstruction and reorganization. Textured works, and added functions, give the new park a memory of the old industrial era.
雨水回收系统 ｜Rainwater recovery system
The rainwater collection system is characterized by collecting rainwater on roofs, roads and green spaces through natural slopes and rainwater pipe networks, flowing into the rainwater purification pond in the green spaces, and using it again after precipitation and purification.
The large rainwater retention areas in the entire rainwater collection system are well combined with the topographic design. Because the terrain is high in the east and low in the west, at the lowest depression on the west edge of the site, a large water retention area that can be used as a green space in the park is planned for heavy rain. A large amount of rainwater can be retained at times to play a role in flood prevention, and it is usually a recreational green space that can be entered. Rainwater conforms to the terrain of high east and low west, which can form a stream landscape along the surface.
The rainwater collection system is composed of five parts: “rainwater infiltration ditch”, “sloping rainwater greenway”, “rainwater retention area”, “water storage lake” and “water conveyance ditch”. In this system, rainwater flows into the rainwater infiltration ditch along the road, stays in the ditch and slowly passes through the filter layer at the bottom of the ditch, and then infiltrates. When it encounters heavy rain, the overflowing rainwater is transported to the larger area through the pipeline. The rainwater stays in the stagnant area and stays there slowly to infiltrate and evaporate.
▼竖向分析图 Vertical analysis
施工档案 ｜Construction file
The landscape project of South Exit Park in Qilihe District, Lanzhou is a key project of the second room in 2019, and it was completed and put into use in the first half of this year. In the construction drawing design stage, our studio No.2 did multiple rounds of scrutiny on the hard scenes, plants and lighting effects of the project, actively organized communication meetings with various deepening units such as lighting, curtain walls, and buildings, and frequently went to Lanzhou to solve the scene. For various issues, supervise and discuss the construction details, and cooperate with Party A to create a high-quality characteristic industrial garden landscape in a very limited time. The whole park adopts various forms of imitation stone paving, which requires high construction technology. The design team and the construction party have selected samples and inquired many times to finally restore the high-quality and high-style paving required by the plan. When constructing structures that require high construction technology such as waterscapes and characteristic scenery walls, the design team constantly optimizes the construction details according to the site conditions and cost requirements, and seeks the optimal solution for the internal structure under the premise of ensuring the quality of the project and the controllable effect.
▼施工过程 The construction process
设计团队：[方案]寇航 冯志鹏 孙特丽 张德赫 祖卉 吕小洋 张琳琳 薛亚芳 [施工图]陈明涛 杨珍静 靳曼誉 魏乐 [种植]李秋芳 朱芳娇 刘晶 袁梦影
Project Name: Lanzhou CRRC·Time Park
Project location: Qilihe District, Lanzhou City
Landscape area: 26547㎡
Design time: 2019
Completion time: July 2020
Owner: CRRC Real Estate (Lanzhou) Co., Ltd.
Landscape design: BJG International Design Studio No. 2
Design team: [Scheme] Kou Hang Feng Zhipeng Sun Teli Zhang Dehe Zu Hui Lu Xiaoyang Zhang Linlin Xue Yafang [Construction drawing] Chen Mingtao Yang Zhenjing Jin Manyu Wei Le [Planting] Li Qiufang Zhu Fangjiao Liu Jing Yuan Mengying
Construction unit: Beijing Linda Ingenuity Garden Engineering Co., Ltd.
Photography team: Golf Imprint Triangular Prism Architecture Landscape Photography (Aerial View)
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