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J+S Studio: There are only nine mansions in the world. Nine represents a rule. At the beginning of construction, the Jiujiangtang had a different positioning from other high-end villa projects. The architectural form of Jiujiantang explores an innovative approach to modern Chinese villas, which are different from the classical Jiangnan gardens like Greentown paradise villa or the royal palace style of the Taihe Beijing Courtyard. Rooted in tradition, Jiujiantang is far beyond the tradition and innovatively interprets modern Chinese villas.
The project is located in the first phase of Jiujiantang, adjacent to Kanghou Street. Although it has not escaped the hustle and bustle of the city, it has the core of a countryside living environment. Different from the sample house with the classical method of Linquan Gaozhi, the project uses modern methods that match the architectural style and the contemporary oriental artistic conception to shape the landscape. From the architecture, people, and the environment, the design thinks about the relationship between the site, architecture, and modern human settlements. It creates a beautiful landscape with the oriental artistic conception that meets the requirements of modern human living, creating a harmonious and unified space.
The project is a renovation design under a contract of design and construction. The clients emphasized the requirements of both cost control and the final effect. According to the indoor and outdoor space relationship and space reorganization, we decided to remove the existing gallery structure, renovate the fishpond partly, and demolish the rockery and water feature to build up a flowering scenery. In terms of the topography, we need to redefine and enrich the vertical relationship of the site. The existing wood material and the paving stone can be recycled. The existing big trees are remained to strengthen the landscaping effect of the signature plants.
▼庭院全貌 The Central Courtyard
▼入口景观：以障景及漏景的手法塑造入口景观 Entrance: Use obstructive scenery, and leaking through scenery to build up the entry space.
The central space semi-enclosed by the architecture is sunken to have a circular mirror-faced waterscape. It is designed with a central axis to represent the blessing of reunion and harmony. This is also a vision for the future life of the owner for the renovated community.
▼中庭日景鸟瞰 Aerial view of central courtyard
▼夜景 Night view
The circular water feature is the external visual focus of the interior living room. The sunken water feature is set up with a round mirror pool, four-sides enclosed to keep the Fengshui.
▼是水景，亦是桌椅 It is a water feature, but also tables and chairs.
The tea house serves as the opposite view. Above the fishpond, it contrasts with the architecture. The architectural style refers to Kengo Kuma, following the concept of the ‘quiet and desolate’ way of tea. The tea house is part of the landscape and also borrows the scenery from the built environment.
The tea house window is a double-layer structure. The outer layer is a metal frame glass sliding door, and the inner layer is a traditional wicker lattice window sash. The roof has an exterior layer of fluorocarbon coated metal plate, a middle layer made of wood board with waterproof coiled material, and a bottom layer of polyurethane insulation board. Space between the top surface materials is hollow to achieve heat insulation.
空寂本意，是表示佛的清净无垢的世界。草庵式（空寂茶道）茶道乃拂却尘芥，主客诚心相交，不言规矩和法式，惟生火、煮水、吃茶而已，别无他事。亦即佛心显露之所在也。只拘泥于礼法，则会堕入于凡俗。……皆不可悟得茶道之真髓也。” ——南坊宗启 《南坊录》
‘Quiet and Desolate’ means the unsullied realm of the buddha. Thatch Hut Tea Manner (Quiet and Desolate) hope the host and the guest can make sincere friends without rules. Only activities as lighting a fire, boiling the water, drinking tea, need to be paid attention to. That is when the Buddha’s mind is revealed. Sticking to the ritual and law, people will fall into worldly life. …None can understand the essence of tea. ” -Nanfang Zongqi ‘Nanfang Records’
▼本来无一物、无一物中无尽藏…空寂茶室 Nothing is hidden in the endless, in the quiet and desolate way of tea.
Indifferent, easy-going, natural, open-minded… Zen’s “realm” coincides with the quiet, emptiness, and natural elegance of tea; the light tea is also precisely integrated with Zen, forming the realm of “tea and Zen”.
▼茶室内景 Interior of tearoom
The northern courtyard has a high elevation, wide views, and long sunshine in winter, which is suitable for family activities. Therefore, the northern space is dominated by a large area of lawn. At the same time, a wooden platform rest area is designed on the west side, to place swings or leisure tables and chairs. Family and friends can gather for leisure.
The view of the courtyard is gradually narrowed down from south to north, from the entrance alley to the center courtyard. Space is progressively built up to the north. The wall of the north courtyard is designed with a moon cave and a water cascading wall. Outside are tall bamboos as the background. On one side of the wall, there is Podocarpus pine. The pine, bamboos, the full moon, and the wall to build up a concept of ‘the bright moon come with the wind and pine, and the bamboo shadow paints on the wall.’
In the northeast corner of the courtyard, the existing Japanese Banana grows well. The room for the elders is adjacent to it. A grass pavilion was added here. The rainy season in the south of the Yangtze River is longer. At that time, people can have a cup of tea was sitting in the pavilion, listen to the rain, enjoy life, and feel the history.
The west yard is narrow and long with equipment and an atrium. The corresponding building is a restaurant, which can mainly satisfy the function of traffic and atmosphere creation. Therefore, the Japanese garden style is adopted for landscaping here.
The overall landscape design adopts the classical garden space structure. The height difference increases the vertical change and extends the circulation. The nodes create spatial experiences. Evergreen, flowering, and deciduous trees and shrubs create seasonal changes in the garden. The four seasons present a different landscape. In the landscape techniques, obstructing, leaking, and framed scenery is used. At the same time, the elements of the Japanese garden style are borrowed, including the integration of modern garden-style elements with the overall garden space to create an oriental artistic conception of Landscape space.
In the plan design, geometric compositions representing the “square” and “circle” of Eastern wisdom conveys the spirit of Oriental culture and unique spatial awareness. Chinese culture emphasizes “square earth with a round sky”. Taoists believe that “circle” refers to the sky, which is turbulent. “The round sky” refers to accessibility to the harmony of the mind, while “square” referring to strict regulations. “Square earth with a round sky ” is a manifestation of the theory of yin and yang in Chinese traditional culture. It not only represents the “outer circle and inner square” of the Chinese personality but also the Chinese view of life “between heaven and man, within a circle”. At the same time, “Fang” in the entire garden design is also the team’s understanding and expression of the spirit of the site. “Circle” is a blessing to the beautiful vision of the owner’s life, perfection, harmony, completeness…
▼夜景鸟瞰 Night aerial view
Project name: Nanjing Jiujiantang Private Courtyard
Landscape design: Nanjing Jinshi Landscape Design Co., Ltd.
Chef design team: Jin Jianxin, Jin Ye, Chen Shengli
Construction: Nanjing Jinshi Landscape Design Co., Ltd.
Project location: Jiujiantang, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China
Construction time: September 2019-May 2020
Photography: Holi Landscape Photography, Obsidian
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