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Interesting Landscape: The National Marine Museum is a national comprehensive Marine museum integrating collection, exhibition, research and education. It is also a national AAAA level tourist attraction. Located in the Eco-city of Tianjin Binhai New Area, it covers an area of 15 hectares. It has outlined the cultural scene of the yellow land and the blue sea civilization over the past 2,000 years of Chinese culture.
In the landscape design of this important cultural venue project, the integration of culture and museum is taken as the starting point, and some new explorations are made in landscape humanities, interaction between external and internal exhibitions, experience of slow walking along the coast and landscape measures of green buildings.
As a national museum, the National Maritime Museum is of high standards in terms of project location and positioning. As the only national museum in Tianjin, it integrates with the overall urban environment and the Bohai Sea environment, thus fully reflecting the original intention of the country to be “near the sea and capital” when choosing the project. The museum is located in the South Bay of Bohai Sea, a part of the building extends and jumps out into the ocean, which has architected the interweaving of land and water spaces. Menwhile “water in the land” with three shallow pools (east 2145 square meters, central 2643 square meters, west 1515 square meters, water depth of 20 centimeters); “There are roads in the water” with two walkways (lengths of 227 meters and 150 meters respectively, width of 8 meters), all of which have formed the overall landscape pattern of interwoven land and sea.
The fusion of architecture and landscape space – the integration of five major theme spaces
Under the general principle of spatial integration, the National Marine Museum has formed five theme spaces, namely the entrance square space, Haibo Park space, waterfront viewing space, waterfront exhibition space, and green parking space. The five spaces, each with its own characteristics and functions, have complemented and blended with each other, thus forming its overall landscape layout.
五大主题空间一：入口广场空间 Five theme spaces I: the space of the entrance square
The entrance space is 200 meters deep and 60 meters wide. Under the combination of the entrance ramp with steps and the planting form, the overall image and momentum of the building are illustrated. The elevation of the ramp bridge continues the characteristics of the triangular aluminum plate components, thus forming the opening form of the space under the ramp. Also the application of ribbon stone combined with glass guardrail has set up a entirely smooth and modern modeling characteristics.
▼节点设计详图 Enlarged view of nodes
五大主题空间二：海博公园空间 Five Theme Spaces II: Haibo Park Space
The form of natural streamline is adopted in the space design, which reflects the soft and beautiful shape of the ocean. The application of color and seasonal changes in the plant space system reflect the pleasant feeling of the big green ecology. The east and west sides of the building use a large area of still water design, from the multi-dimensional display of the building with water interaction and change, then combined with the design of outdoor exhibition, the park has formed a unity of internal and external development.
五大主题空间三：滨水观景空间 Five theme spaces III: waterfront viewing space
The flying platform is used in the waterfront viewing space to perfect the combination of the park and the sea. The viewing stand in the northeast corner of the project while echoes the image of Mazu in the distant perspective, which visually forms the interaction between the Haibo plot and the whole coastal tourist area. It also forms a series connection with the whole Nanwan hydrophilic slow traffic system from the streamline.
五大主题空间四：滨水展示空间 Five theme spaces IV: Waterfront exhibition space
The waterfront exhibition area consists of a waterscape platform on the north side of the building and two trestles
protruded from the sea. The west trestle, 227 meters long and docked with the Navy’s decommissioned 752 missile frigate, is an important display as a maritime exhibition and a crucial display of patriotic learning. The east side trestle is 150 meters long and mainly provides docking and replenishing requirements for cruise ships around Nanwan. The waterscape platform faces the sea in the way of falling water, so that the east-west waterfront slow walking system interweaves with the water trestle, which greatly enriches its appreciation and interaction.
Mosaic pavements at the bottom of the shallow pool to form gorgeous features of marine elements, which are reflected in the glass curtain wall of the building to form an integrated landscape effect.
“Road in the water” two plank roads (lengths of 227m 150m and widths of 8m respectively). The outdoor floor pavement in this area adopts the method of concrete pouring after joining the keel, so as to strengthen the foundation to ensure the stiffness and load requirements of the surface layer.
The waterscape platform faces the sea in the way of falling water, so that the east-west waterfront slow walking system interweaves with the water trestle, which greatly enriches its appreciation and interaction.
五大主题空间五：绿色停车空间 Five Theme Spaces V: Green Parking Spaces
In the parking space on the west side, we adopt a green parking system, so that every parking space can be covered by green grass. In terms of the height difference design, the parking area also forms an immersive experience through the terrain design.
In the process of scheme design, we have held meetings with Tianjin Architectural Design Institute and Australian architectural scheme design company COX for many times to study and discuss its scheme design of the exhibition site. After fully exploring the relationship between the building and its surroundings, we finally determined the landscape scheme that integrates with the building.
▼第一版 The first version
▼第二版 The second version
▼第三版 The third version
▼过程版效果图 Process version renderings
设计团队：胡健 曹剑 王越 袁康
Project Name: National Marine Museum Exterior Exhibition Site Project
Completion Date: 2019
Project area: 73934 square meters
Location: South of Nanwan, Binhai Tourism Area, Binhai New Area, Tianjin
Landscape Design: Chengdu Yinche Siming Landscape Design Co., Ltd. Tianjin Branch
Chief designer: Hu Jian, Cao Jian
Design team: Hu Jian, Cao Jian, Wang Yue and Yuan Kang
Client/Developer: Tianjin Oceanic Administration
Architectural design: co-designed by Australian Cox Architects and Tianjin Architectural Design Institute
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