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Thorbjörn Andersson: The Panorama Terrace in Rinkeby is a viewing platform overlooking the large recreational area named the field of Järva. The terrace is joined with a sloping pathway, leading down to the field which is part of one of Stockholm’s seven green wedges, ca 30 km long.
But the project also has other dimensions. Rinkeby is a socio-economically vulnerable area in northern Stockholm with high unemployment and generally a low education level. The residents represent approximately 30 nationalities. Many are war refugees seeking asylum in Sweden. Rinkeby is home to about 16 000 people in an environment which is typical for the 1970s: industrially produced housing in pre-fab elements, extensive garage decks, and public space of poor quality. The infrastructure system is based on a peripherical ring road with dead-end streets leading into the middle. The ring road creates a barrier, emphasizing the contained character of Rinkeby.
At the eastern edge runs a 4-lane highway towards Oslo, effectively separating Rinkeby from the Järva field. There is a 8 meters change in elevation between the higher housing area and the lower field. In 2007, a political vision was set to improve the social and environmental quality of Rinkeby. This included creating a generous connection between the housing area and the recreational area.
First step was building a tunnel for the highway, making it possible for pedestrians to pass over the tunnel roof. Second step was adding housing and a public park on top, disguising the tunnel. The park eventually reaches the panorama terrace, which has a dramatic position right at the edge of the tunnel trough. At the southern side of the terrace a promenade opens, leading down to the field. The promenade was named the Pendente, after the Italian term for a sloping path.
The viewing platform is designed so that it resembles a very big lamp in wood. Its 8-meter high, angled walls are made of planks arranged with slits in between them. Inside the platform is a reflecting screen geared with spotlights. In the daytime the slits are dark and the solid planks bright. After dark, this situation is reversed, with reflected light coming out of the slits, making this the biggest outdoor lamp in Stockholm.
▼夜晚观景台透出了反射光 When night falls, with reflected light coming out of the slits.
长为120米的狭长漫步道与观景台形成了对比，步道垂直于主方向向外延伸，逐渐变细的路面创造出假透视的视觉感受。边缘长而质朴的支撑墙逐渐从地面抬升而起，墙面由粗糙的花岗岩制成。这条小径以“北方橄榄树”（Eleagnus angustifolia）做点缀，布置着大量的休憩座椅。雕塑家马可·库耶娃（Marco Cueva）在该项目中设计了八件石雕作品，这些石雕被小心仔细地放置在场地环境中，随处可见。
The Pendente contrasts to the terrace. It is long and narrow, runs perpendicular to the main direction, has a length of 120 m, and tapers to create a false perspective. The definition of the rim is a long, rustic supporting wall made of rough granite, gradually rising from the ground. The pathway is furnished with the so-called Olive tree of the North (Eleagnus angustifolia), and plentiful seating. The sculptor Marco Cueva has collaborated in the project and has supplied with eight sculptures of stone, which are carefully placed in the environment, following the visitor from top to bottom.
▼墙面采用粗糙花岗岩 Rustic supporting wall made of rough granite.
▼雕塑家马可·库耶娃的石雕作品 One of the eight sculptures of stone designed by Marco Cueva.
The aim of the project has been twofold: first, to provide this suburb with a special spot of high experiential quality, a place for social gatherings which adds character and pride to Rinkeby. Second, to connect Rinkeby with adjacent suburbs on the other side of the field; a distance of 400 meters. Connecting parts of the city has been a strategy to increase social integration. This is one of the rare occasions when landscape architecture as a public service can make a political difference.
▼总平面图 Master Plan
地址: 瑞典斯德哥尔摩 云客比
景观设计: Thorbjörn Andersson with Sweco architects
设计团队: PeGe Hillinge, Anna Norén, Joel Lundqvist, Fredrik Toller, Catrin Jonsson, Staffan Sundström, Ronny Brox
灯光设计: Alexander Cederroth设计的黑光灯
艺术家: Marco Cueva
Project name: Panorama Terrace with Pendente
Address: Rinkeby, Stockholm, Sweden
Landscape architect: Thorbjörn Andersson with Sweco architects
Team: PeGe Hillinge, Anna Norén, Joel Lundqvist, Fredrik Toller, Catrin Jonsson, Staffan Sundström, Ronny Brox.
Light designer: Black light design through Alexander Cederroth.
Artist: Marco Cueva.
Client: City of Stockholm.
Area: 3000 sqm
更多 Read more about：Thorbjörn Andersson @ Sweco architects