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间筑设计:2021年夏天,TEAM_BLDG间筑设计接到了来自杭州市青山村的项目委托,将已经废置数年的龙坞泉水厂改造成为青山青年社——容纳“住宿、办公、展览、商店”等功能,为去到青山村进行短期休假式办公、驻村创业,度假的人们提供一处“共享居住&共享办公(Co-Living& Co-Working)”的建筑。此次改造不仅仅希望解决旧建筑的现有问题,更是希望通过空间加深人与人,人与村庄之间的紧密关系,使新老村民都可以参与其中,分享这座建筑。

TEAM_BLDG: In the summer of 2021, Qingshan Village, which is located in Hangzhou City, commissioned TEAM_BLDG to complete the reconstruction of the long-vacant Longwu Spring Water Plant into Qingshan Co-space, which can accommodate “residence, office, exhibition, shops,” and other functions. This project intends to construct a “Co-Living & Co-Working” building with areas that accommodate start-up businesses and temporary vacation-style jobs in the village. In addition on attempting to address the building’s current issues, this reconstruction project aims to strengthen the bond between residents and residents with the village by creating a shared place in which both the existing and new villagers may engage and share among each other.


▽项目视频 Video


来到这里,停下来 Come and halt




The Yuhang District of Hangzhou, where Qingshan Village is located, has strong rural economy background. Compared with traditional houses, wealthy local villagers prefer to live in brand-new self-built villas. Almost all of the few old houses have been renovated and used by the new villagers who have relocated here in recent years.

Although there are almost no traditional buildings left in the village, the natural village texture formed according to the water has been well preserved. As you go upstream along the river, you will pass by farmland and houses in several natural settlements alternately, and you will see bamboo forests and narrow roads. Walking to the center of the mountain is the most important water source in the village: Longwu Reservoir, and the last few buildings in front of the reservoir is the site of this project.

During the visits in the beginning of design stage, the architect found that no matter what kind of transportation people took to get there, most people would stop before arriving at the site and shift to walking due to the narrow and steep slope of the road leading to the reservoir. This strong sense of “stopping” provides some ideas for the later design. If the village is thought of as a house, the Co.space is like a study or bedroom, pleasant during the day and quiet at night.


▽鸟瞰被青山与水库环绕的建筑;A bird’s eye view of the architecture surrounded by green hills and reservoirs;


▽建筑位于东侧水库的必经之路;The architecture is located on the road to the reservoir on the east side;



建筑-融入环境还是融入习惯 Architecture – blending into the environment or into habits


The project’s initial structure is a three-story half-frame building with an attached double-sloped roof chamber and a few single-story podiums. The enclosed factory buildings are connected to each other and have roof heights that decrease from east to west. Originally, this spatial arrangement was meant to accommodate the water plant’s production and transportation lines while also being in keeping with the topography in the area. The site’s north side has a creek that gurgles during the time of abundance, and its south side is near to a mountain with a varied range of biological species. The owner has assigned a simple design challenge. There are just two requirements in addition to fulfilling the space’s numerous functions: the desire to blend in with the surroundings and the desire to create “real space”.


▽建筑改造前 After Renovation



▽建筑草图;Architectural sketch;


▽青年社概念分析图 Conceptual analysis diagram


▽建筑模型;Architectural model;




Originally, the three-story main building had red exterior wall tiles , and the remaining buildings were painted in white. The older structures had poor connections to nature, and there even seemed to be a sense of conflict between some of them. Changing the facade’s material and color can help a refurbished structure blend in with its surroundings, but this solution is too simple and uninteresting. From this, we conceptualized the “real space” the client had mentioned. Can the so-called integration be formed based on usage habits?


▽从水库望向藏于竹山里的建筑;From the reservoir to the buildings hidden in the bamboo mountain;


▽建筑北侧紧邻村路与农舍;The north side of the architecture is adjacent to the path and farmhouse;



梯田 Terraces farmland


The factory’s original purpose was “processing”, but the attribute of the village was more of “planting”. The design originally kept the factories connected, then enlarged the podium’s original five spatial units to seven, creating a 0.75-meter stepped roof with a “回” shape. The “terraced” shape of the terraces is intended to compensate for the building’s location on a hill while also enhancing the outdoor area and circulation. Second, the design divides a number of planting areas and rest areas on the roof of the podium, and lays out two 1.2-meter-wide walkways running through them. Long-term residents can grow vegetables, herbs and other simple crops here. On the roof of the main building, more than sixty 1-meter-high movable plant racks are used to enclose multiple groups of leisure spaces. The different levels of the roof add to the versatility of the view. The fifth façade, with its staggered heights, reflects the surrounding environment, and the relationship between architecture and topography and nature becomes closer.


▽“梯田”式的建筑形态是为了关照到所在坡地;The architecture form of “terrace” is to take care of the slope;


▽从入口望向庭院:双坡屋顶房伸入主楼容纳植物并作为展厅;From the entrance to the courtyard: the double-pitched roof house extends into the main building to house plants and serve as an exhibition hall;


▽双坡屋顶房与水池相接并呈垂直关系;The double-pitched roof house is connected with the pool and has a vertical relationship


▽水池旁的屋顶花园户外入口;Outdoor entrance of rooftop garden beside the pool;


▽主楼立面解构出的11个单元呼应“梯田”形态;The 11 units deconstructed from the facade of the main building echoing the “terraced” form;


▽主楼屋面用可移动植物架围合出多组休闲空间;The plant racks are used to enclose multiple groups of leisure spaces on the roof of the main building;



温室 Greenhouse


Many indoor spaces in cities have light and temperature set at constant values, making it difficult for people to perceive changes in natural factors throughout the day. In Qingshan Village, even with modern public facilities, villagers still rely more on natural light for their daily activities. For example, even if the roads in the village are well-lit, people are rarely seen walking outdoors after dusk. Based on these habits, we wish to improve the “variability” of the area and provide more natural light to the building.


▽通透醒目的7米高温室展厅将更多自然光引入室内;The transparent 7 meters high greenhouse exhibition hall provide more natural light to the building;


▽阳光板构筑的展厅立面保证植物的耐活性;The facade of the exhibition hall is constructed with sunlight panels to ensure the longevity of the plants;




The client hopes to place an exhibition space with the theme of “water” in the main building, and the exhibits in it will be diverse. Inspired by the surrounding environment, we take advantage of plants to represent the idea of water. The design scales the double-slope roof house proportionally and “grows” it into the main building, creating a greenhouse about 7 meters high that runs through three floors to accommodate plants and serve as an exhibition hall. Sufficient natural light penetrates through the skylight onto the greenhouse constructed of polycarbonate sheets, causing refraction and dispersion, which creates a variety of tones and atmospheres throughout the day. This ensures that the plants are resistant to activity and also makes the greenhouse as the “core” of the entire project more attractive and transparent. At the same time, the design deconstructs the west facade of the main building into 11 units, with the greenhouse as the focus to form a wall composition that cascades and extends inward. It seems to be squeezed by the growth momentum of the “greenhouse”, echoing the overall “terraced” form of the building.


▽大堂东侧与温室相连,在室内构筑出通道;The east side of the lobby is connected with the greenhouse to create a passage in the interior;


▽从大堂望向内院;From the lobby to the courtyard;


▽温室展厅作为“内核”与建筑各层相接壤;The greenhouse exhibition hall is connected with each floor of the building as the“core”;




The first floor serves as a shared office space, it provides as many glass curtain walls as possible on the east and west sides to replace the original walls. More variations in light and shadow may take place in this area, and convection and ventilation are able to produce a spatial environment that connects the inside and the outside. On the second and third floors, two leisure spaces close to nature are created at the end of the guest room corridor by opening the wall and ceiling on the south side.


▽开敞连续的共享办公空间;Open and continuous co-working space;


▽由间筑设计的可榫卯拼装胶合板家具;Tenon-and-mortise plywood furniture designed by TEAM_BLDG;



室内-行为引导空间 Interior- behavioral guidance space


In this place with an area of 2,000 square meters, it carries a variety of functions. If the people entering the building are classified by purpose, they may include: office, dining, visiting, gathering, cooking, workshop, long-term rental, short-term stay, and etc. Through spatial division and placement of circulation flows, it may be possible to prevent several flows of people from disturbing each other, but to a certain extent, it destroys the commonality of this random community and violates the original design intention of “real space”.


▽以不同高度的地台划分功能区;Functional zones are divided by ground height;


▽与村落民宅相邻的咖啡 & 面包烘焙厅;Coffee & bread bakery adjacent to the village house;


▽充分结合场地形态的共享厨房;A shared kitchen with a spatial form close to the terrain;




With the exception of the 23 guest rooms on the second and third floors of the main building, which are the highest level, we organize the users according to the level of privacy needs, and all public places are allowed a certain amount of freedom in accordance. For instance, the main building’s first floor houses a public exhibition hall and reading room in addition to a shared office space that is accessible via card swipe. The only thing separating the two sections visually is a wall of greenery. With the exception of the two conference rooms, the common office space is an open, continuous area. The site is simply separated by the rising and lowering of the ground. There are no constraints on the precise functions of each region, so the users can alter the layout on their own.


▽二层玄关为人们提供聚集与交流的空间;The second floor porch allows people to gather and communicate;


▽走廊南侧的山体与植物扑面而来;The mountains and plants on the south side of the corridor;


▽客房走廊内的逗留区希望人们可以“走出房间”;The sojourn area in the hallway of the guest room;


▽将功能化繁为简的居住空间;The living space has sorted out the chaotic function;


▽居住空间增大了开窗面积;The living space has increased the window area;




Of course, some privacy is also necessary in such a liberated public setting. The design adds semi-enclosed rooms to a number of moving lines to offer some solitary places in “station” style.


▽动线中添加半围合区域,来实现“驿站”式的休憩空间;Adding semi-enclosed rooms to moving lines to offer some solitary places;




It’s important to note that TEAM_BLDG also handled the project’s signage and guide design in order to guarantee that a vacant area won’t pose problems for use.


▽自然粗粝的立面上树影斑驳;The natural gritty facade is dappled with tree shadows;


▽由间筑设计的青年社VI系统;VI system of project designed by TEAM_BLDG;



内院-树木聚人群 Courtyard- Trees gather people



The Co.space’s inner courtyard is where the designer gives people back control of the area. Only the trees and ponds were kept, despite the fact that the architect had made various layout arrangements and considerations in the early stages since they always felt like an intentional “imposition” in such a setting.

According to a new villager who has lived in the village for six to seven years, “big trees can gather people here, and everything else is secondary.” In the end, the architect chose to plant three sapiums with wide branches and high fork points of the main pole. From May through July, the sapiums bloom, and the thick canopy provides shade. The vegetation is lush and withered, symbolizing the four seasons. On the other hand, the courtyard pool is an outdoor extension of the double-slope roof house, and the two have a vertical relationship in space. The pool is about 20 centimeters high, with bluestone covering the bottom. When the water ripples fluctuate, it gives the square courtyard a spatial agility. So naturally, this is an open-air stage, a courtyard where people communicate and meet.


▽建筑的各空间、屋顶彼此连通;The spaces and roofs of the architecture are connected to each other;


▽庭院氛围静谧而开放;The courtyard atmosphere is quiet and open;



建造-多留点力气给后半程 Construction- Save more energy for the second half of the process



Building a house in the countryside is completely different from that in the city. Architects are more like craftsmen due to differences in construction level and design cognition. The building phase requires more energy than the design phase since every aspect must be directly experienced from top to bottom.

Co.space uses low-tech and low-cost building methods, yet it still requires designers to work for many months on more than 80 mock ups. Throughout this process, we also became aware of the progressive degradation and disappearance of several traditional rural construction methods. For example, the washed stone commonly used on rural building facades in the 1970s and 1980s has made it difficult to find skilled labors here. Even after switching to yellow sand lime for the outer walls, the technical issues with the building were remained unresolved. In the end, we had to choose a less “rural” texture paint. During the construction of the exterior wall, the architect increased the frequency of on-site visits and communicated with construction parties who had similar experience in past projects. This helped the master workers conduct repeated on-site tests on the color, texture, and thickness of the paint, creating some rough and uneven handcrafted traces that are more compatible with the environment, and the color is more similar to the local mountain red soil.


▽设计阶段建筑材料研究&施工阶段立面肌理涂料打样 Research on building materials in design stage & proofing of facade texture coating in construction stage

▽施工阶段水洗石打样&家具打样 Construction phase washed stone proofing & furniture proofing



Despite this, the design made a conscious decision to avoid using standardized and industrially produced finished goods as much as possible and instead employed more unique and locally manufactured products. At the same time, TEAM_BLDG created two pieces of plywood furniture specifically for this project, and a modified and reproduced factory chandelier from the original building was installed. For on-site construction errors, rather than strict complete rework, it is more about making partial adjustments to make them reasonable.


▽一层平面图 1F Plan


▽二层平面图 2F Plan


▽三层&屋顶平面图 3F&RF Plan


▽北立面 North elevation


▽南立面 South elevation


▽西立面 West elevation


▽主楼西立面 West elevation


▽主楼东立面 East elevation


▽主楼剖面面 Section




项目名称:梯院 | 杭州青山青年社
设计时间:2021.06 – 2021.11
施工时间:2022.02 – 2023.05
摄影师:Jonathan Leijonhufvud(雷坛坛)

Project Name: Terraced Courtyard | Hangzhou Qingshan Co. Space
Function: Residence、Office、Commerce、Exhibition
Design Period: 2021.06 – 2021.11
Construction Period: 2022.02 – 2023.05
Location: Hangzhou
Building Area: 2033㎡
Architects: Xiao Lei, Yang Yuqiong, Deng Zhaojing, Li Jiajun
Cooperation: N/A
Type: Architecture, Interior And Landscape
Custom Furniture、Lighting Design: TEAM_BLDG
Furnishing Brands: Lost&Found、PINWU、HAY、Flos、Workwonders、MUUTO、Artemide
Status: Completed
Photographs: Jonathan Leijonhufvud
Assistant Cameraman: Wai Wai




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