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Collingridge and Smith Architects：Chrysalis早教中心是一个创新的早教和游戏中心，为150名儿童，利用其地方的文化和精神，围绕两个成熟的传统树木创建一个培育环境。
Collingridge and Smith Architects：Chrysalis Early Learning Center is an innovative early education and play center for 150 children, drawing on the culture and spirit of its place to create a nurturing environment around two mature heritage trees.
Our brief was to create a unique and innovative childcare centre capturing the cultural and spiritual values of the area.Our starting point was the site itself which presented both the problem and the solution: the trees.
The existing protected trees provided beautiful and symbolic inspiration – one is an English Oak, the other a native Pohutukawa, both of equal size and stature, standing side by side, their branches touching at the heart of the site. This symbolism forms the basis for the whakapapa (genealogy) of the site and its new use: a bicultural, and multicultural childcare.
In the traditional Maori view, the trees also symbolise Tane (god of the forest) who separated Rangi (sky father), and Papa (earth mother) to create the world (of light). The design draws on this by creating a ‘void’ or space around the trees, which separates out the various elements of the new center and provides a protective enclosure around the root zone. The building represents Papa who was locked in a tight embrace with Rangi and so the graceful curve of the building appears like two arms reaching out to the sky. The elevational form further enhances this effect by keeping a respectful height below the trees, allowing good views of them from the wider environment.
Further symbolism can be found throughout the design, the most striking being the sail forms around the outer curve of the building. These are based on traditional Maori sail forms but honour all the cultures of New Zealand, all of whom originally made the journey by sailing boats.The layered effect of the overlapping sails also recalls traditional carving patterns whilst the curve of the building represents the Koru or unfurled fern frond.
The building design also naturally integrates sustainable design. Within the building the kitchen has been placed at the heart of the building open to two classroom and the main reception where it engages the children in the preparation of their food and welcome parents to sit down, have a coffee and chat. The classrooms were all design overlooking the playground through large glass sliders to ensure full indoor-outdoor flow and unobstructed views. All floor plate depths have been kept to ideal standards for natural light penetration and along the spine of the larger rooms are full height vertical windows to maximise natural ventilation. Other sustainable features include:
· Use of low maintenance/sustainable materials
· All glass is low-e coated for minimal heat loss and well shaded by the roof and trees so no summer overheating issues.
· The roof and walls have very high insulation levels – walls R2.8, Roof R3
· LED lighting through out
· Electric solar panels
· The building is fully accessible for all abilities being one level, with accessible signage, toilet, reception counter and staff facilities.
设计参与: Collingridge and Smith Architects(英国)有限公司——设计团队:Phil Smith, Graham Collingridge, Evan Crighton.
室内设计: Collingridge and Smith Architects(英国)有限公司和Chrysalis早教中心
建筑商: Keola homes有限公司
规划者: Planning Focus
服务工程师: Eco Design Consultants
结构工程师: McNaughton Consulting Engineers
Client: Chrysalis Early Learning Centre
Location: 1 Jomac Place, Avondale, New Zealand
Site Area: Approximately 4692m2
Gross Building Area: Approximately 800m²
Completed Date: January 2015
Design Participation: Collingridge and Smith Architects (UK) Ltd – Design Team: Phil Smith, Graham Collingridge, Evan Crighton.
Interior Design: Collingridge and Smith Architects (UK) Ltd and Chrysalis Early Learning Centre
Builder: Keola homes ltd
Planners: Planning Focus
Quantity Surveyor: Kwanto
Interior joinery: Guyco Ltd
Services Engineer: Eco Design Consultants
Structural Engineer: McNaughton Consulting Engineers
Mechanical Engineer: WSP
Structure: The main spans are 9m and are achieved using 300 DHS purlins at 1200 centres with a warm roof system maximises this efficiency. A plywood and timber rafter solution would need rafters every 400mm and additional cross steel beams midway. The warm roof utilises longrun steel roofing, PIR insulation and membrane have been used to maximise structural spans whilst eliminating condensation so no roof venting needed. The main walls are all timber with studs at 400 centers making it very efficient and cost effective structure. The ground slab is concrete with trench foundations due to tree roots and fill.
Finish: The material palette is simple and cost effective – black steel cladding, black powder coated aluminium windows and doors, and black shade sails – the main architectural feature is the 92 sails which was very cost effective to install and supplied by a local sail manufacturer. The materials are hard wearing and need little maintenance. Internally painted plasterboard finishes all the walls and ceilings, and where easily accessible to children it is covered by acoustic pin-up wallboard in various complimentary colours for each room.