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DABURA.m Inc.：This is a hotel in Beppu, Japan. The owner is a traditional inn company founded in this city in 1900. It stands on a cliff overlooking the hot spring steam cityscape and Beppu Bay. All guest rooms have free-flowing hot spring bath. We designed it for those who want the emergence of a new culture connecting to local history, culture and nature. Its greatest feature is “site-specific” architecture and spaces. Those promote people to interact, and the hotel acts as a new community base.
Nowadays, we can get almost the same comfort anywhere in the globalized world, while the space of hotels has become stereotyped and “homogenization” is progressing in local cities. In many places, the uniqueness of region is weakening and the value of travel is diminishing. We wanted to change this situation through realizing this hotel.
Beppu’s most valuable resource is hot spring, and its origins can be traced back to the orogeny. We wanted to realize a new characteristic architecture of the region by starting to think about the design from the unique terrain of this area that was born in the geological time. Assuming walls carved from the ground of a fault scarp, holes were made in the flocking walls like digging a cave to create space where one space and another space or the inside and the outside are connected.
This hotel has 33 general guest rooms, 2 duplex suites, a lobby, a cafe & bar, a multipurpose studio and terrace spaces. They are connected by semi-outdoor “alley space” where the vertical and holizontal axes intersect intricately. In walking around, you will be connect to the framed landscape through holes in the walls and feel the lights and sounds that permeate. It is a spatial experience reminiscent of geological time, and it overlaps with an experience of walking around the alleys of old downtown of Beppu.
The flocking walls were made by placing concrete toned with iron oxide in a special formwork made of locally produced cedar woods. The color tone was adjusted by referring to the strata and stones of the land. Phenomena such as efflorescence, unevenness, and chipping of joints was positively accepted as the expression. Materials such as woods and plasterer were chosen from as near as possible area. The metal was finished by reacting with the hot spring. By devising how to make architecture and selecting materials, we tried to create value that could not be experienced without going there.
The exterior is characterized by the expression of exposed concrete in a cedar formwork like “carved earth”, flocking walls continuous to the fault scarp, and holes drilled in it. We accept the “phenomenon” that occurs in the production process and use it as the “scenery.” Since the time and structure of the construction stage have been visible, it has a primitive material feeling like a ruin that has already passed for a long time. This is a newly created architecture. However, we hope that it will be recognized as a unique entity of the region that has been there for a long time and will continue to exist.
入口空间 Entrance space
The entrance space is a combination of the carriage, the entrance, the space you encounter when you go through the hole in the first wall, the lead into the lobby reception, and the guidance to the terrace on the second floor. The introduction to this architecture and the connection to the next space is a rich spacial experience. These include the crossing of axes, the three-dimensional continuity of framing by holes and the shift due to viewpoint movement, scale inflection, light penetrating through holes, and the effects of sounds and reflection by the basin.
大堂/接待处 Lobby / Reception
酒店公共区域的中心空间有两层。该空间与入口空间、咖啡馆、酒吧以及每个露台相连，引导游客欣赏别府的城市景观。外部模板的节奏在室内延续，内外相和。大堂展出了Shinji Ohmaki, Hiraku Suzuki, and Sohei Nishino等艺术家的作品。
The central space of the hotel’s public zone has two floors. The space is connected to the entrance space, cafe and bar, and each terrace, and guides visitors to the view of the cityscape of Beppu. The rhythm of the external formwork continues indoors, making the inside and outside continuous. Artworks by Shinji Ohmaki, Hiraku Suzuki, and Sohei Nishino is exhibited.
咖啡馆及酒吧 Cafe and Bar (Hot Spring Bar)
A cafe and bar space composed of domestic onigurumi wood and a brass plate reacted with hot spring water. A neon sign, furniture, and a standing table by graf is set up, and photographic works by Toshie Kusamoto that captures the phenomenon occurring in Beppu Onsen Hot Spring are exhibited. It is a place for gorgeous exchanges. And you can get amenities and products designed by graf.
Four terrace spaces are set up as public zones, and visitors can choose various places to spend their time.
<Terrace a> Adjacent to the entrance space, a semi-outdoor terrace where you can spend a quiet time listening to the sound of water and feeling the light that indirectly permeates. This is a place that feels like an island floating in the black ocean with water circulating around it. The artworks of Akiko Nakayama and Mika Aoki are exhibited.
<Terrace b> There is a continuous lobby space, and when you exit the lobby, you can see the distant view of Beppu’s hot spring steam cityscape and Beppu Bay framed on the wall through a black basin that reflects the sky.
<Terrace c> There is a continuation of the mezzanine stage on the way from the lobby to the cafe and bar. When you go outside, you can get a view with a wider view than the 1st floor. It is an outdoor terrace with a counter. You can enjoy a drink from the cafe and bar.
<Terrace d> It is an outdoor deck terrace that spreads out from the cafe and bar to the south. You can spend time enjoying the view of Mt.Tsurumi in a relaxed space. You can also enjoy carrying a drink from the cafe and bar.
巷道空间 Alley spaces
The spaces of this hotel are connected via semi-outdoor alley spaces. When you goes through the holes in the walls, you can feel the plane shape that adapts to the shape of the site and diagonally lined. It is a spatial experience where you can feel the intersection of the axis and the line of sight. As you move between your room and the public zone, you will see the light penetrating through translucent mesh screens and holes in the slabs. In addition, the landscape on the mountainside in the south can be seen. The wall of the atrium was scraped from the concrete surface with a water jet. Therefore, it has a different shade than the formwork part. It has an expression reminiscent of the casting process. Beppu has many attractive alleys, with the cityscape from before the war remaining without being hit by air raids. We would like you to experience it as “another alley space”.
客房 Guest rooms
In designing the guest rooms, the components are not unnecessarily luxurious. However, you can feel the warmth of human handwork with the texture. From the entrance to the bathroom, the plasterer finished the room, and while using traditional techniques, it was a modern expression. Especially for the walls and ceilings, we used “shellfish plaster” made from the ark shells of from Kyushu. This is a sustainable material that gives the space soft impression and keeps the room humidity moderate. In the bathroom, hot spring is constantly poured in. The bathtub was made by hollowing out one large solid stone. The warmth of the hot spring is stored in the stone, and the thick stone wraps around the body along with the hot spring. The effect of far infrared rays has the effect of warming the body from the core. It is a semi-open-air style where you can go directly to the terrace from the bathroom, and you can take a hot bath again while cooling your body.
From the living room to the bedroom, we used “Japanese Oak” for the floor, walls, and built-in furniture. In particular, solid wood is used for all flooring materials that support your body. This is also known as a material for barrels of Japanese whiskey in recent years. This is a living room with a bright and gentle atmosphere, with a moderately soft texture and color. A large terrace was set up outside the living room. A wooden deck made of cypress from Oita is laid out, and you can go out barefoot and enjoy a comfortable texture. From the terrace, you can see the city of Beppu and the scenery of Beppu Bay.
餐厅 Restaurant (THE PEAK)
We refurbished an existing reinforced concrete three-story building that remained when the client searched for land. By reducing the three-story building to a two-story building, the burden required by building-related regulations has been reduced, and earthquake resistance has been improved. In addition, the building was expanded by conducting seismic diagnosis and reinforcement. It continues the rhythm of the walls coming from the main building. The spatial composition is such that you can feel the modulation of the old and new spaces. The restaurant mainly serves grilled menus that make use of the taste of local ingredients cooked in a stone oven. Based on the concept of cooking, it is composed of Kyushu-produced chinaberry wood, straw-susa-containing shell ash plaster, and copper plate.
半透明屏障 Semi-transparent screen
The semi-transparent screen used for the handrails in the alley space is a texture collected from the scenery that we encountered while walking in the alleys of the town of Beppu. It is like connecting the memory of the town with the alley spaces of this hotel.
设计团队：Takafumi MITSUURA, Shunsuke ODAWARA, Mika MATSUMOTO, Shin YAMANAKA
客户：Sekiya Resort Group
艺术家：Mika Aoki, Inne Izumi, Shinji Ohmaki, Olectronica, Masamitsu Katsu, Toshie Kusamoto, Michihiro Shimabuku, Hiraku Suzuki, Akiko Nakayama, Sohei Nishino, Nerhol, [目]Mé
图片来源：Nacása & Partners Inc.
Project name: GALLERIA MIDOBARU
Completion Year: 2020
Project location: 6 Horita, Beppu, Oita Japan
Architecture Firm: DABURA.m Inc.
Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lead Architects: Takafumi MITSUURA
Design Team: Takafumi MITSUURA, Shunsuke ODAWARA, Mika MATSUMOTO, Shin YAMANAKA
Clients: Sekiya Resort Group
Art Curation: BEPPU PUROJECT
Sign Design and Public Furniture: GRAF
Artists: Mika Aoki, Inne Izumi, Shinji Ohmaki, Olectronica, Masamitsu Katsu, Toshie Kusamoto, Michihiro Shimabuku, Hiraku Suzuki, Akiko Nakayama, Sohei Nishino, Nerhol, [目]Mé
Photo credits: Nacása & Partners Inc.
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