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L&A design:  Luoyang is China’s only “double inscription” city. It responds to the national “Silk Road Economic Belt Strategic Concept” and vigorously develops the Central Plains Cultural Demonstration Zone. The site of Luoyang City in the Sui and Tang Dynasties is a famous royal garden in the period of Empress Wu Zetian in the Tang Dynasty. It is currently a key landmark project in Luoyang City and has received the attention of the public.




Jiuzhou Pool, as the Imperial Garden of Luoyang, the capital of the Tang Dynasty, belongs to the core exhibition area of the palace relics. The project aims to develop the site according to previous archaeological restoration. The Jiuzhou Pool serves as the center, forms an axis sequence with Mingtang District and Tiantang District to jointly show the prosperous scene of Luoyang City in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, adding the charm of the ancient capital and reflecting the cultural connotation. The design is mainly focused on on-site display, greening and leisure, and cultural tourism.



正如李宝章先生所言,“中国文化是在不断传承的基础上进行翻新,九洲池造园既要表现盛唐文脉,更关键的是,要被今人所理解,为今人所用。” 这也是九洲池设计的题眼。

As Mr. Li Baozhang said, “Chinese culture is being renovated based on continuous inheritance. The Jiuzhou Pond Garden must express the culture of the Tang Dynasty, and more importantly, it must be understood and used by today’s people.” This is also the spirit of Jiuzhou Pond’s design.



How to use modern wisdom to show the vigor of the Tang Dynasty based on archaeological restoration?


There are not many records of Jiuzhou Pond in historical materials. But based on the archaeological discoveries, the design team clarified its shape, layout, and water boundary, and restored the pattern depending on the imaginary. The so-called grand style of the Tang Dynasty is an interpretation by modern people. We believe the Tang Dynasty was an era of extreme self-confidence. In that era, there was no need for too much pretentiousness. Therefore, royal gardens should not be as subtle and graceful as Jiangnan gardens, but a majestic posture.


▼望景台 Observatory



The design selects a simplified way. For example, Yaoguang Hall uses grid stone slabs and light gravel. The walls enclose a compound courtyard. Through the walks with regular patterns, the front plaza is covered with grains and divided into several squares, which are covered with light gray gravel. The space is solemn and flexible.


▼瑶光殿 Yaoguang Hall



Jiuzhou Pond is located behind the Yaoguang Hall. Entering through the west gate, people will see completely different scenery. The clear and shallow water feature, sparse forest and flower path, green landscape forest, and the island illustrates a great garden. The garden layout, such as the locations of pavilions and islands, respects the archaeological research. According to written records and relics, the original site location and form are deduced. Since there are no exact paintings or photos of Jiuzhou Pond. Only the types of flowers and trees and the height of the mountains can be found. The design team decided to build the garden depending on deep thoughts and imagination.


▼祥龙院 Dragon Court

▼仁智院  Renzhi Court



“Searching for the ancients” is one of the design ideas. The designers think as people lived in the Tang Dynasty and pay attention to gardening techniques and emotional expression. They first used the method of “intentionally writing first” to find a way to talk to the gardeners of the Tang Dynasty. Synthesizing all the archaeological and historical materials, the team wrote the “Jiuzhou Pond Travel Notes” in classical Chinese as the guide for garden design, which compiled the historical records and the team’s research on the gardens of the Tang Dynasty. The delicate renderings guide the construction and restore the landscape. The stacking stones were first drawn by hand and then brought to the site for adjustment.


▼驳岸叠石部分手绘 Hand drawing of the stacked rocks on the shore

▼花光院 Huaguang Court

▼神居院 Shenju Court


How to ensure that gardens provide an impetus for the sustainable development of cities and cultural preservation?


The garden needs to attract tourists to come to visit. While inheriting and restoring the style of the Tang Dynasty, we also added innovations. The design was based on the principle of “living” at the beginning. Some islands can be approached by the path and some by boats. Luoyang cultural relics protection expert group also proposed to name a turtle-shaped island in the pond as “Yuzhou Island”, which symbolizes Henan Province.




The social functions of gardens in each period are different. Chinese gardens are a life stage. While building the garden, we need to bring commercial thinking, try to provide the possibility for various activities in the garden, and show the vitality of Luoyang presented by Jiuzhou Pond.


▼南御道 South Boulevard

▼望景台 Observatory



The stones on the island of Jiuzhou Pond are all stages for performances. The distance between the platform and Yaoguang Hall and the flow of people are all well calculated. The site can be understood as a stage of a landscape garden. There are 9 islands of different sizes stacked in the site, which symbolizes the nine continents of the East China Sea. The nine themes echo the “Nine continents” to sublime the project.




In the theme courtyard, Dragon Court, we built a “Nine-turn Bridge”, which is not recorded in any archives. The bridge is to enrich the activities. The pile foundation that was unsuccessfully reconstructed was deduced based on protection. People go to Suzhou traditional gardens to experience the gardens, while Jiuzhou Pond focuses on activities.


▼祥龙院 Dragon Court



The design team considers Jiuzhou Pond as a project with pros and cons. We have set up a landscape pattern, but society decides to make it an ideal garden that the public favors. What we are doing is not rebuilding an antique, but an innovative restoration that respects the history, and the classical charm and spirit. This is also an answer to the process of contemporary urbanization.




As a self-awakened city in the process of urbanization in China, the genes of Luoyang’s cultural landscape can be better displayed and explored in the future. We hope that this classical garden can become a window to show the Luoyang culture.





景观设计:奥雅设计 上海公司 公建二组

采编: Muki
部分图片后期: 捌零摄建筑空间

Project Name: Landscape Development and Environmental Art Improvement of Jiuzhou Pond of Luoyang City in Sui and Tang Dynasties
Project Location: Luoyang, Henan
Project Type: Historical Site Development
Landscape area: 180,000 square meters
Client Name: Luoyang Wenbao Group
Landscape design: Aoya Design Shanghai Office Public Construction Group II
Architectural design: Beijing Tsingshang Architectural Design and Research Institute, Beijing Tsinghua Urban Planning and Design Institute
Ancient Architecture Design: Beijing Jiangong Architectural Design and Research Institute
Landscape lighting design: Shanghai Pingang Lighting
Interior design: Shanghai Pudong Architectural Design and Research Institute
Landscape construction: China Railway 18ju Group, Orient Classic Group, Suzhou Gold Mantis Landscape, Henan Chaojie Garden Design Engineering Co., Ltd.
Design time: 2018.9-2019.4
Completion time: 2020.8

Editing: Muki
Photography: Wei Liwei, Coco, Lou Junjia
Part of Photo renderings: Balingshe Architectural Space


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